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楼德教研

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《楼德教研》,2010年获新泰市优秀教研博客一等奖,泰安市教育教学最佳博客奖。属于公益基础教育博客,经营宗旨是为广大中小学教师提供专业服务,为广大中小学生提供学习帮助和平台。《楼德教研》立足于为广大师生和学生家长服务,近年来所发布的试题不少已被选作部分地区的中考试题和期中期末考试试题,很多资料已被结集出版。由于时间限制,我们无法征得所选资料作者的同意,如果你不同意将将自己的文章刊登在此,请通知,我们将予以处理,谢谢!

人教版九年级英语第九单元学案  

2009-09-29 08:59:03|  分类: 【教案学案】 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Unit 9 When was it invented?

Section A

一.学习目标:

1.知识目标:  

1 . Words and phrases    2. Talk about the history of inventions

2.能力目标:能在具体语境中正确运用被动语态。

3.情感目标:了解中国古代四大发明,培养爱国主义精神。

二.学习重点:重点词汇用法及被动语态用法。

学习难点:被动语态各种时态的构成。

三.学习过程:

(一)预习导学:Talk about the invention time of some things.

(二)自主学习:2a 2b.

(三)合作探究:Make a list of five helpful inventions and five annoying inventions.

()梳理归纳:  被动语态(二)

1.被动语态的时态: 被动语态的时态通过be的变化来体现,它必须与主语的人称、数一致。以下是几种常用的被动语态:

(1)一般现在时的被动语态: am / is / are + 动词的过去分词。

EgThis book                 in two languages.这本书是用两种语言写的.

(2)现在进行时的被动语态:  am / is /are + being + 动词的过去分词。

Eg: A school is                  by the workers now.工人们正在建一所学校.

(3) 一般将来时的被动语态:  will / be going to + be + 动词的过去分词.

Eg: The project will                 next month.这项工程下个月就完工.

(4) 现在完成时的被动语态:  have / has + been + 动词的过去分词.

Eg: My homework                            .我的作业以完成了.

(5) 一般过去时的被动语态:  was / were + 动词的过去分词.

Eg: The classroom                   three days ago. 教室是三天前被打扫的.

(6) 含有情态动词的被动语态: 情态动词 +be +动词的过去分词.

The classroom                             every day.教室应该每天都被打扫.

2.被动语态的否定句和疑问句:

1)否定句的构成:必须在第一个助动词后加not

EgHis homework              finished. 他的作业还没有完成。

2)疑问句的构成:将第一个助动词置于主语之前。

EgWhen         the bridge         ?这座桥是何时建的?

3、主动语态变被动语态的方法:

(1)   把主动语态变的宾语作为被动语态的主语

(2)   主动语态的谓语改成be + 过去分词的形式,作为被动语态的谓语,be随着主语以及时态的变化而变化。

(3)   主动语态的主语变为by的宾语,有时可以省略。

EgHe often plays  computer games

 


 

   Computer games are often played by him

4、被动语态的注意方法:

(1)   在主动句中动词makelethaveseehearfeelwatchfind

notice等后接不定式作宾补时,动词不定式都要去掉to,但变被动语态时,后面的不定式须加to.

make sb. do sth.     sb. be made to do sth.

eg: The man made the boy do his homework.. 

The boy was made to do his homework.

hear sb. do sth.       sb. be heard to do sth.

eg: I often hear him sing in the next room.  

He is often heard to sing in the next room.

(2) 主动语态中若有双宾语,变为被动语态时,只将其中一个宾语变为被动句的主语,另一个宾语不变.一般情况下,往往把表示人的宾语变为被动句的主语,而把直接宾语(物)留作被动句的宾语。如果把主动句的直接宾语变为被动句的主语,则间接宾语常须有介词(一般是forto

eg My mother bought me a bike. 其被动句为:

 I was bought a bike by my mother. = A bike was bought for me by my mother.

(3)有些词如系动词taste, feel, look, smell, sound ,以及 sell 作 “销量(好坏)”讲时常用主动语态表达被动的意思.

Eg: This song sounds gentle. 这首歌听起来轻柔.

   Many kinds of books sell well. 许多种类的书销量不错.

(4)有些词,happen=take place “发生, belong to “属于,”没有变动语态.

Eg: The necklace belongs to me. 这个项链属于我.

四.典题赏析:

Its used for scooping really cold ice cream.它用来舀非常凉的冰激凌.

be used for意为 “被用来做… …”,for表用途,后跟名词或动名词.

拓展: be used as意为  “被用作… …”,as表 “作为”,后跟名词。 be used to do意为 “被用来做… …”, 强调动作。 be used by 意为 “被… …使用”,by后跟动作的执行者, be used to doing意为 “习惯做某事” to 为介词,后跟名词、代词或doing   Eg:

English is widely used         a foreign language. 英语作为一门外语被广泛使用.

五.中考链接:

1. ---Linda, you         on the phone.

---Im coming, thank you. 

A want   Bare wanted  Chave wanted  Dwanted  2008,天津)

2. In the modern world, cars are more and more widely       in peoples lives.

  Ause    Busing   Cused   Dto use    2007,广西)

六.能力提升:

把下列句子变为被动句:

1.Millions of people listen to the radio.                                         

2.We call him Tom.                                                           

3.He has bought a book.                                                       

4.My father will give me a watch.                                              

5.He should make me laugh.                                                    

单选:

1Most of rice in China          in the South

  Aare grown  Bis grown   Cgrow   Dgrown

2The young        has over twenty        .

A.   inventor;  inventors  Binvention;  inventions

B.   inventor;  inventions Dinvention;  inventors

 

 

 

Unit 9 When was it invented?

Section B

一.学习目标:

1.知识目标:  

1 . Words and phrases    2. Talk about the history of inventions

2.能力目标:能在具体语境中正确运用被动语态。

3.情感目标:培养爱国主义精神。

二.学习重点:重点词汇用法及一般过去时被动语态用法。

学习难点:被动语态用法。

三.学习过程:

(一)预习导学:Describe how food tastes.

(二)自主学习:3a .

(三)合作探究:Think of an invention that could help you. Write down the details.

(四)梳理归纳:

1.It is played by than 100 million people in over 200 countries including China , where basketball has been played in parks ,schools and even in factories . 在两百多个国家,超过一亿人打篮球,其中包括中国。

including是一个介词,意思为“包括”,后跟名词、代词、动名词。反意词:excluding 除……之外;不包括。

我准备额外订购一些办公设备,包括一些新办公桌和一台文字处理机。

1I am ordering some extra office equipment , __________ some new desks and a word processor .

2)事故中有六人受伤,其中包括一名婴儿。

Six people , ________ a baby ,were injured in the accident .

2.Knocking into players and falling down would be dangerous .

撞到其他人身上和跌到都很危险。

四.典题赏析:

1. Dr.Naismith divided the men in his class into two teams

耐史密斯博士将他们班上所有的男生分成两队。

divide意思为“分开,划分”,通常将一个整体分成几个对立或相对的部分。与in /into 连用。

我们分成几个小组吧。

Lets ________ ourselves ________ several groups .

2. Players move towards one end of the court while throwing the ball to each other   队员们相互传球时都朝球场的一端移动。

while throwing …句中省略了主语和系动词。完整的结构为:while players are throwing the ball to each other .

站在梯子上时别朝旁边招手。

Dont reach aside __________________ on a ladder .

=                                                    

五.中考链接:(2008,重庆)

1.The ice cream scoop is used for s__________ really cold ice cream .

2.Edison i__________ the electric light lamp .

3.We had a p__________ time at the party .

4.The dictionary is very h__________ to English learners.

5.He often makes m___________ in his spelling .

六.能力提升:

根据句子意思和所给首字母提示,用适当单词完成句子。

1.Ill do it a__________ to your instructions

2.Every Sunday morning, she goes shopping in a near s            with her mother .

3.It was so dark that I could h__________ see anything .

4.The students in the school are not a___________to go out at night .

5.You can only borrow two books at a time from the l__________ and can keep them for at most half a month .

 
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