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《楼德教研》,2010年获新泰市优秀教研博客一等奖,泰安市教育教学最佳博客奖。属于公益基础教育博客,经营宗旨是为广大中小学教师提供专业服务,为广大中小学生提供学习帮助和平台。《楼德教研》立足于为广大师生和学生家长服务,近年来所发布的试题不少已被选作部分地区的中考试题和期中期末考试试题,很多资料已被结集出版。由于时间限制,我们无法征得所选资料作者的同意,如果你不同意将将自己的文章刊登在此,请通知,我们将予以处理,谢谢!

人教版九年级英语第十单元学案  

2009-09-29 09:01:33|  分类: 【教案学案】 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Unit 10 By the time I got outside, the bus had already left

Section A

一.学习目标:

1.知识目标:  

1 . Words and phrases    2. Talk about the Past Perfect Tense.

2.能力目标:能在具体语境中正确运用过去完成时。

3.情感目标:正确认识到不及时做某事的危害,并了解有关愚人节的情况。

二.学习重点:重点词汇用法及过去完成时的用法。

学习难点:过去完成时的用法。

三.学习过程:

(一)预习导学:What do you usually do in the morning before school?

Do you like mornings? Why or why not?

(二)自主学习:3a .

(三)合作探究:Describe the situations in which these things happened.

(四)梳理归纳:

1. By the time I got outside the bus had already left.

 到我出去的时候,汽车已经离开了。

1by the time 意思为“到……时候为止”,指从过去某一点到从句所示的时间为止的一段时间,引导时间状语从句。   Eg

1)他赶到广场时我们已经贴完所有的告示了

By the time he        the square ,we                 all the signs .

2)我们进入到大厅时,他们已经点好了菜

____      ____ we entered the hall ,they               the dishes.

2had left  是过去完成时态。

(1)              过去完成时态表示在过去某一时间或动作之前已经发生或完成的动作或存在的状态。

(2)              其结构是由“助动词had(用于各种人称和数)+动词的过去分词”构成。

(3)              过去完成时态的用法:

(一)表示在过去某一时间之前(也称“过去的过去”)已经发生或完成的动作,常与“by+过去的时间”构成的短语连用。   Eg

1By 2003, he                             at that school for 5 years.

2003年为止,他已在那所学校教书5年了。

2Before 9 oclock last night he               home .

昨晚9点之前,他就回家了。

(二)表示在过去某一动作之前就已经发生或完成的动作或存在的状态,常与when, before等引导的从句连用,表示两个动作发生的时间先后。

Eg1. 玛丽出去散步之前已把作业完成了。

Mary                her homework before she went out for a walk.

2.当我到达办公室的时候老师已来。            

When I reached the office the teacher                  

3.他们在天黑前到达了目的地。

They _________ __________ the destination before it was dark. .

()用于宾语从句和间接引语中

 他说他去过那里两次。 He said he                    there twice.

他告诉我他已经打扫了教室。He told me that he                     the classroom.

2Ive never been late for school ,but yesterday I came very close .

我上学从来不迟到,但昨天我差一点迟到了。

close 在句中是副词,意思为“接近地,靠近地”。close 还可以做形容词,“亲密的、亲近的”;用作动词,“关闭”。   Eg

1)银行附近有家大型超市(副词)There is a supermarket________ _______the bank .

2)他是我亲密的朋友。(形容词) She is my __________  _________ .

3)这家店星期天不开门(动词)  The shop is ________ on Sunday .

3only just “刚刚才、恰好”

4make it 意思为“办成功、做到”    eg

不调查你就不可能做好。 You cant ______ ______without making a survey .

四.典题赏析:

1My alarm clock didnt go off.   我的闹钟没有响。

go off 是动词词组,意思为“(闹钟)闹响”     eg

1)他们一进去,警钟就响了。 The alarm ________ ________ when they got in.

此外,go off 还可以表示“变质,变坏”的意思。   Eg

1)牛奶在热天很容易变坏 Milk ________ _______ quickly in hot weather .

2) 糟糕,牛肉已经变质了 Bad luck The beef _______ ______ ________

2I had to really rush. 我真的得赶快了。

rush  动词“冲、奔、闯、催促、匆忙地做”等意思     eg

1)他们冲出去看交通事故。  They ________ _______ see the traffic accident 

2)让我考虑考虑,别催我。    Let me think about it and dont _______ ________.

3、…then ran off to the bus stop 然后我就赶快去汽车站。

run off 动词短语“跑掉、迅速离开”等意思。      eg

骗子带着所有的钱逃跑了。  The cheat _______ _______ with all the money .

五.中考链接:(2007,湖南)

  1.Gina overslept this morning because her alarm clock didnt ______

A: get off         B: turn off      C: run off     D: go of

  2.By the time I finished dinner ,the TV show _________

A: started  B: have started  C: has started  D: had started

  3.When I got home , I ____ that I _____ to lock my bike downstairs.

A: realize, forget           B: realized , forgot

C: had realized , forgot      D: realized ,had forgotten

  )4.ho can help me find the key _______ the door ?

  A:  to   B: of    C: in    D: with

  5.Dont worry We still have five minutes to reach ___.

A: by the time  B: in time  C: on time   D: at the time 

六.能力提升:

根据汉语完成句子:

1、到上学期末为止,我们已经学习了10首英语歌曲。

By the end of last termwe                    10 English songs

2、他们来这儿之前已经完成了工作。

They               the work         they       here.

3.I was late for school this morning ,because my                     (闹钟没有响)

4.记住明天把作业带到学校来。

                                                        .

5.Yesterday he ___________ (睡过头)

6.当我到外面的时候,汽车已经离开了。

By the time I        outside, the bus                .

7.他叫醒我时,爱伦已经奔向电梯去了。

By the time he ______ me ____ ,Alan ______ ______ to the lift .

Unit 10  By the time I got outside , the bus had already left.

Section B

一.学习目标:

1.知识目标:1. 重点单词的用法

             2.正确运用过去完成时态

2.能力目标:能在具体语境中正确运用过去完成时。

3.情感目标:培养学生良好的行为习惯.

二.学习重点:重点词汇用法及过去完成时的用法。

学习难点:过去完成时的用法.

三.学习过程:

()预习导学:Put these words in the correct columns in the chart.

()自主学习:3a

()合作探究Which of the stories is the most believable? Which is the least believable? Why?

()梳理归纳:过去完成时:

构成:助动词 _________(无人称和数的变化)+______

用法:

 1.表示在过去某一时间或动作之前已经完成了的动作或状态。它表示这个动词发生是时间是“过去的过去”这一过去时间可用 by /at/before 等构成的短语或 when /before/after/until等引导的从句或通过上文来表示.   Eg:

到上个月末为止,我们已经学了9个单元

We _______ ________ 9 units ______ _____ ______ _____last month.

2. 表示由过去某一时间开始,延续到过去另一时间的动作,这个动作可能还要延续下去常和for /since 引导的表示一段时间的短语和从句连用. Eg: 她来的时候,我已经工作3个小时了。

  When she_________,I_______ _________for 3 hours.

3. 用在间接引语或宾语从句中,放在said/told/asked/thought wondered         等动词过去时的后面,表示在这些动作发生之前已经发生了的事情。

Eg: 她想知道谁做的这项工作。

  She wondered _________ _______ ________ the work.

4.用在“It was the first time that…….”句型中,在此句型中主句用了一般过去时,that 引导的定语从句要用过去完成时

Eg:  这是我们第一次在一起说话 。

It was the first time we ________  ________together.

5. 用于表示与过去事实相反的虚拟条件从句中

Eg: 假如他昨天看到你,他就会问你这件事了。

 If he ________ _______ you yesterday ,he ________ __________  _______ you about it.

四.典题赏析:

1.The students are sorry to hear that the famous singer      for half an hour.

A. has left  B. had gone  C. has been away  D. has gone

2.Not only his parents but also is brother      to the Summer Palace. They havent been back.

A. have been  B.have gone  C.had gone  D. had been

五.中考链接:

(   )1-.Why didnt you go to the movies yesterday?

     --Because I _________it before.

  A .had watched  B. have seen   C. have watched  D.had seen 2005,陕西)

(   )2. The beautiful girl wanted to marry ________the famous singer.

  A. to     B.  with      C.  /        D. on    2004,江苏)

(   )3.When we____ the railway station ,

the train ___ for ten minutes.

  A. got to ,had been away     B. reached,had left

C. arrived , has been away   D. arrived at ,has left   2005,甘肃)

六.能力提升:

首字母填空:

(1) Tom o___________ this morning, and she was late for school.

(2) When she got to the shop ,she realized that she had l_______herwallet at home .

(3) On the Spring Festival , people often meet their r__________

(4)Yesterday I was late for class ,because my alarm clock didnt g_____ off.

(5)I opened the box quickly ,but it was e______.

(6)His words was so c_____   that all the people believed him at once .

根据短文内容选词填空:

close get lie water lose leave call in arrive ring to read

It was Wednesday evening and I was 1       ready to go to bed when the phone 2      .  To my surprise, it was my friend Tom.He was 3___with his mobile phone and he was very upset because he had 4____his keys and he couldnt get into his house. He thought he had 5___them at the office but nowit was midnight and the office was 6____, so he couldnt get in to check.

Luckily ,I had the keys 7______ his house, because a month ago, he gave me a spare set ,so that I could 8________his flowers while he was on holiday .

When he finally 9________to pick them up ,it was one oclock in the morning ,and I was 10________ on the sofa fast asleep!

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