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楼德教研

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《楼德教研》,2010年获新泰市优秀教研博客一等奖,泰安市教育教学最佳博客奖。属于公益基础教育博客,经营宗旨是为广大中小学教师提供专业服务,为广大中小学生提供学习帮助和平台。《楼德教研》立足于为广大师生和学生家长服务,近年来所发布的试题不少已被选作部分地区的中考试题和期中期末考试试题,很多资料已被结集出版。由于时间限制,我们无法征得所选资料作者的同意,如果你不同意将将自己的文章刊登在此,请通知,我们将予以处理,谢谢!

人教版八年级英语(下)第八单元学案  

2010-02-27 22:43:27|  分类: 【教案学案】 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Unit8  Why don’t you get her a scarf

Section A

 

教师寄语Constant dropping wears the stone.滴水石穿。

一、教学目标:

1、知识目标。

      suggestion  necklace      bracelet          turtle   mouse

      spider snake        hairy   pig east    

perfect clean         rabbit  present          

      photo album these days      give away

rather than  sleep all day    make a special meal     have enough time

2、能力目标。

1.   Why don’t you get a camera?你怎么不买一个照相机?

2.   That’s too expensive.太贵了。

3.   How about some tennis balls?(买些)网球怎么样?

4.   They’re too cheap.太便宜了。

5.    What’s the best gift Mary has ever received?玛丽收到的最好的礼物是什么?

3、情感目标:学会如何为朋友、家人礼貌的提建议。

二、教学重难点。

如何给别人提出建议和意见的常用句型

1     询问对方意见: What shall we do tonight?

询问对方意见的说法还有:

           What should I…?( should表示请求、征询对方意见)

Eg.:     What should I get my dad for his birthday? 我该送给爸爸什么作为他的生日礼物呢?

           What should I get my sister for her birthday?

2、提出建议:   How about (doing something?) going to a movie?

Eg. : What shall we do this afternoon?

           How about going for a walk?

提出建议的句型还有:

      1what about…? about是个介词,可跟名词或动名词)

      2How about…?

Eg.:     How about a watch? 一块手表怎么样?

           How/what about the photo album? 一个像册怎么样?

           How/what about going to the theatre?

           How about getting her a scarf? 买条围巾送给她怎么样?

      3Why don’t you do something?

      4) Why not do something?

      5) You should/could do something.

      6) You should (not) do something.

      7) You’d better (not) do something.

      8) What about doing sth.?

Eg.:     Why don’t you buy a sweater?

           Why not get a digital camera?

           You should/could take sme exercise every day.

           You shouldn’t eat too much.

           It’s very hot today. You’d better stay at home.

           You’d better not quarrel with others.

           What about going out for a picnic?

在提出建议做什么事情之后,就会有人发表看法进行比较。如:

      How about Star Wars?

      That’s a great movie! I heard the Star Wars is pretty good.

3、发表看法时可以用That’s这个句型。

Eg.:     That’s too expensive.

      That’s too boring.

      That’s too personal. 那太个性化了。

      That’s too not interesting enough. 那不够有趣。

      That’s too not friendly enough. 那不够友好。

表示看法或意见的说法还有:

      Good idea.

      It sounds good/great.

      She’ll like it. 她会喜欢这个的。

 

三、学习过程

Step 1. 预习检测

词汇  一、 根据要求填空

1.suggest(名词)          2. person(形容词)          3.receive(过去式)         

(三单)               (现在分词)               4.give(过去式)           

5.guy(复数)               6. special(副词)           

二、根据句意填单词

1You are a bad                 .

2I was glad to                   a gift from my grandpa today.

3He has something                  to discuss with me.

4Tom wants                    about what to do tomorrow.

5I made a kite                    for you.

6I bought Dao Lang’s new                       .I enjoy it very much.

7Mother                         me a bike on my birthday.

Step 2 自主学习。

Step3重点句型解析。

1、              What should I get my mom for her birthday?译:                              

分析:should应该,表示征求意见,get此处为。提出意见或建议有多种方式,例如:What about a watch?译:                             

Why don’t you get her a camera?译:                             

Why don’t you……?的句型也可以省略助动词,缩写为“why not +动词原形……例如:Why not get her a ring ?译:                             

2What’s the best gift you have ever received?译:                                 

分析:you have ever received使用了现在完成时。该从句修饰的中心词为gift,是一个定语从句,现在完成时的形式是助动词have∕has+过去分词+……”.

例如:This is the most beautiful girl I have ever seen。这是我见过的最漂亮的女孩。           

译:                                                                           .

3What a lucky guy!译:                                                       

分析:感叹句由what how引导,what后面的中心词为名词,how修饰形容词或副词。普通句型变为感叹句时,把what how所修饰的成分一起放到句首,其余成分不变,注意主谓不倒装。例如:

This is a beautiful flower.变感叹句:What                                         

They are delicious.变感叹句:How                                                

 

四、课堂检测

一、单项选择

    1               should I get my sister for her birthday

AWhat        BWhy     CHow        D When

    2The film is                           for us to see.

Aenough interesting        Binteresting enough

Cmuch interesting          Dinteresting much

    3Why not                   boating with us in the park

Ato go        Bgoing      Cgo         D goes

    4              happy every one of us                today

AWhat a are        BHowis     CWhatis        DHoware

    5        fine morningsold people get together and do exercise by the lake.

AOn      BAt     CTo        DIn

    6—Tomorrow is Mother’s DayWhat shall we give to mother as a present

                       some flowers

AHave you bought    BDid you buy     CWill you buy     DWhat about

    7—What         I get my grandfather——How about a parrot

Awould        Bshould     Cmust       D will

    8The sweater is                      for me to wear.

Atoo small       Bvery small     Cquite small    D much small

    9—Do you know      lady in blue —YesShe is a teacher of a university.

Athe        Ba     Can        D

    10Could you tell me                                  

Awhere do you live        Bhow old are you

Cwhen you came to China    Dwhat does Cathy do

二、根据汉语完成句子

1、去散步怎么样呢?                                             for a walk

2、我弟弟曾经收到的最好的礼物是块手表。

The               gift my brother               ever               is a watch.

3、你给他买的礼物不够特殊。

The gift you bought isn’t                                        .

4、多漂亮的一个手镯啊!                 a                      bracelet

5、你为什么不买这双鞋啊?它们太便宜了。

Why             you               this pair of shoesThey are too cheap.

 

Step4.课堂小结。本单元的语法点:表建议:

1⑴ Why don’t’ you + 动词原形 此句型表示建议对方做什么或建议对方和自己一起做什么,口气比较直率,可以缩略为:Why not +动词原形

⑵ How/ What about + 名词/代词/ 动词ing 的形式 这种句型表示一种比较随便的建议,有征询对方意见的意味,多数情况下建议和对方一起做某事

let’s 开头的祈使句,表示建议对方和自己一起做某事

⑷ Shall we---?开头的疑问句,用于建议的对方和自己一起做某事。

五、典型例题解析。

1.----What shall we do this Sunday?

 ----Why      to the Science Museum?

A.   not to go B. not going C. don’t you go D.not you go

解析:why not 后接动词原形,排除ABD三项。

2.They haven’t studied English           .

A. already B.yet C.still D.ever

六、中考链接。

1.----How about going shopping on Hunan Road this evening?

 -----        , but I have to prepare for tomorrow’s exam.

A.   I can’t B.Sounds great C.That’s right D.No, I’m rerrily sorry

2.----          kind girl Nacy is!

 ----Yes.She is always ready to help others.

A.   What B. What a C. How D. How a

3.Digital cameras are becomiong very popular, though some still          too much.

  A.pay B.spend C.sell D.cost

七、课后反思

 

Unit8 Why don’t you get her a scarf

Section B

 

教师寄语:Do well and have well.善有善报。

学习目标

1.知识目标   trendy  special    album   personal  instead   mouse
  perfect    company  asleep   progress  bench  Sweden  native  nearly 
  fall asleep  give away  rather than  hear of   suggest  take an interest in  

make friends with   

2.
能力目标
    1. They’re too expensive/cheap/personal…
  2. Great!/Good idea!/OK…. I’ll get/buy…
  3. My best gift is…
  4. It’s good for sb. to…
  5. It can make sb….

3.情感目标:学会礼貌的提出建议,与他人友好交往
二、教学重难点。

感叹句

      感叹句可由whathow引导,what后面感叹的部分中心词为名词,而how感叹的部分一般为形容词或副词。在一个句子中,感叹的部分提到whathow的后边,其余成分不变。注意主谓不倒装。

Eg.:     What a beautiful flower this is! (原句为:This is a beautiful flower.

           How smart they are! (原句为:They are smart.

 

Do you like small animals?

常见的大家认为比较可爱的动物有:dog, cat, goldfish, parrot, turtle(乌龟), hamster(仓鼠)

比较scary的动物,如:mouse, spider(蜘蛛)snake, lizard(蜥蜴)等。

They need a lot of love. And you should have enough time to spend with them.

现在完成时

What’s the best gift you have ever received? 你曾经收到过的最好的礼物是什么?

“you have ever received”是现在完成时的定语从句。

1、现在完成时的构成:have/has + 动词过去分词。

2、现在完成时的用法:主要有两种含义:

一是强调某一发生的动作对现在产生的影响以及造成的结果;第二个意义是到现在为止这一时期中发生的动作或者情况。现在完成时常常与already, yet, just, ever, never, since, for或包括现在在内的时间状语连用,也可以不用状语连用。

Eg.:     He has (already) come.

      Have you ever bought a birthday present for your sister?

      What’s the best gift Susan has ever received?

现在完成时和现在完成进行时的侧重点不同:现在完成时侧重的动作产生的效果;而现在完成进行时侧重动作持续的时间。

Eg.:     How many pages of the novel have you read?(侧重效果)

      How long have you been reading the novel?(侧重持续的时间)

其它知识点

1enough的用法: 形容词 + enough

                      enough + 名词

eg.:      That’s not special enough. 那不够特别

      That’s not creative enough. 那没什么创意。

      They don’t get enough gifts. 他们没有得到足够的礼物。

      I don’t have enough time to  spend with her. 我没有足够的时间和她在一起。

此外,enough还可以说:

      It’s enough to make her happy. 这足以让她很高兴。

也可以说:enough for sombody to do sth.

Eight hundred yuan is enough for me to buy an MP3

2too… to…结构:同样表示程度的一个结构:too… to…,……而不能……(表示否定)to后面必须跟动词原形

eg.:      It’s too difficult for me to carry the box.

      He’s too young to go to school.

3so…that…结构:too… to…结构可用so…that…(表示肯定,that后跟从句)来代替

eg.:      It’s so difficult that I can’t carry the box.

      He’s so young that he can’t go to school.

三、学习过程。
 

  Step 1.预习检测

1.  入睡                  2. 赠送;分发                    

3. 宁愿而不是,胜于          4.宁愿不愿做                         

  5 .  听说                     6.     交友                   

7.以不同的方式                8.    鼓励某人做                 

9.取得进步                    10. 感兴趣                

11.照顾                         12. 代替                      

Step 2.   知识点拨

1I think a dog is a good pet for a 6-year-old child.

翻译:                                                                   

分析:本句是一个含有宾语从句的复合句,主句为I think,后面是一个宾语从句,在变否定句时,要否定主句I don’t think…

  a 6-year -old child                                   .

  6-year -old  相当一个形容词修饰名词,如:                                     

My teacher has an 8-year-old daughter

翻译:                                                                       .

2、              Dogs are too difficult to take care of.翻译:                                

分析:本句是含有too…to… 句译为而不能……”可以和so…that… 句型或not…enough…to句型转换   如; The girl is too young to go to school.

同义句:                                                                      .

同义句:                                                                    .

3、              Howeverlife with a pig is not always perfect.

翻译:                                                               

However副词,为然而表转折,常放在句首,也可放在句中,前后通常用逗号隔开,不能用 but连用。

 with 介词,为……在一起与其后面的宾语a pig构成介词短语做 life 的后置定语,谓语动词的形式仍旧按主语的单、复数来决定。

如: Mrs. Wang with her two children often goes to the park on Sunday.

翻译:                                                               

  4. spend…on上花(时间或金钱)
    如:
    He spends a lot of money on books.  他花许多钱买书。
    spend…(in) doing sth.(时间或金钱等)做某事。
    如:
    The government will spend money looking after the patients.  政府要花钱去照料那些病人
  英语中表花费的词语:
  (l)spend的主语必须是,宾语可以是钱、精力、时间等。
    如:
    He spends much money on books.他平时将很多钱用在买书上。
    He spent a lot of moneyinbuying a new car.他花很多钱买了一辆新车。
  (2)cost的主语必须是,表示费用耗费,后接lifemoneyhealthtime等,侧重于花费的代价。
    如:
    The book cost him one dollar.这本书用了他一美元。
    It costs you 12 pounds to go to London by ship.乘船到伦敦要用12英镑。
  (3)take表示花费时,其主语一般是一件事,有时主语也可以是人,它说明事情完成花费了……”
    如:
    It took me ten minutes to go to the post office.到邮局用用了我十分钟时间。
    It takes a lot of money to buy a house as big as that.买一座像那样的房子要花很多钱。
  (4)pay的基本意思是支付,作为及物动词,宾语可以是
    如:
  He paid the taxi and hurried to the station.他付了出租车的钱,急忙向车站赶去。
    They had to pay two hundred francs.他得付一百法郎。
    We'll pay you in a few days.几天后我会给你钱。
  (5)pay for的宾语为for表示支付的原因。
    如:You'll have to pay me ten dollars a week for your meals.你得每周付给我十美元饭钱。

    注意:
    下面两句中 pay for的意义不同。
    Of course we have to pay for what we buy.当然我们买东西得付钱。
    Don't worry about moneyI'll pay for you.别担心钱,我会替你付的。

课堂检测

一、单项选择

    1Life                   a pet pig is not always perfect.

Afor        Bto        Cwith         Dof

    2This year our school is                        than it was last year.

Amuch more beautiful   Bmuch beautiful   Cthe most beautiful Dbeautiful

    3It is important                         the piano well.

Aof him to play Bfor him to play    Cof him to playing     Dfor him playing

    4—When can you finish your homework

—It will                 me about half an hour.

Aspend         Btake        Cpay          Dbring

    5Although she is an                 woman she looks young.

Aeighty—year—old        Beighty—year old    

 Ceighty—years— old      Deighty—years old

    6Cats are easy                     .

 Ato take care of   Bto take care    Ctare care      Dtake care of

    7Chinese can sing                      native speakers of English.

Aas well as        Bas good as        Cas well         Das good

    8Although it is raining  hard              the farmers are still working.  A and         Bfor         Cbut          D

    9I thought it                  me to work out the problem.

Adifficult for  Bis difficult for   Cdifficult from   Dis difficult from

    10I do not have enough time                 with her.

Ato spend        Bto take         Cspend         Dtake

小结回扣

典型例题解析

1.Remember           the door when you leave.

 A. close B. to close C.closes D.closing

解析:根据题意当你离开时,记住关门

2He is as        as a bee these days.

 A.too creative B. creative too C. enough creative D. creative enough

中考链接。

1.I          to Canada twice. It’s so beautiful.

A. won’t go B. have gone C. don’t go D. have been

2.The drink is        delicious         I like it very much.

A.too;to B.so;that C.such;that D. such a ;that

课后反思

参考答案

SectionA

一、1—5ABCBA 6-10DBAAC

二、

1.What/How about going 2. best,has received 3.special enough

4.don’t you,buy

SectionB

一、

1—5CABBA 6—10AADAA

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