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楼德教研

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《楼德教研》,2010年获新泰市优秀教研博客一等奖,泰安市教育教学最佳博客奖。属于公益基础教育博客,经营宗旨是为广大中小学教师提供专业服务,为广大中小学生提供学习帮助和平台。《楼德教研》立足于为广大师生和学生家长服务,近年来所发布的试题不少已被选作部分地区的中考试题和期中期末考试试题,很多资料已被结集出版。由于时间限制,我们无法征得所选资料作者的同意,如果你不同意将将自己的文章刊登在此,请通知,我们将予以处理,谢谢!

人教版八年级英语下册第三单元学案  

2010-03-03 16:45:39|  分类: 【教案学案】 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Unit3 What were you doing when the UFO arrived?

Section A

【教师寄语】Nothing is difficult if you put your heart into it.

世上无难事,只怕有心人。

【知识目标】本课的13个单词以及相应的动词短语、介词短语。     

  A:What were you doing when the UFO arrived ?

     B:I was standing in front of the library when the UFO arrived.

  A:What was the boy doing when the UFO landed?   

B:He was sleeping late.

【能力目标】熟练 运用本课词汇 及句型谈论在过去某一时间发生的事情。.

【情感目标】培养学生正确的价值观。

【重点】过去进行时  was / were + doing sth.

【难点】过去进行时时态的熟练运用,when while 的用法区别

【学习过程】

Step1

Do the following exercise and check the answers by group leader.

1.一个飞碟_____________2.理发店_________3.在盥洗室_________

4.在卧室__________ 5. 在厨房里____________   6.出去_______________

7.一个外星人__________ 8.buy(过去式)__________9.get(过去式)______      10.一次不寻常的经历______11. 起飞________12.kid(现在分词)_________

Step2 Grammar

(一)过去进行时

1.含义:表示过去的某一时刻或某一时间内正在进行或发生的动作。

2.构成:was/were+v-ing

3.标志:at that time, this time yesterday, all the evening, from 8:00 to 10:00yesterday, just then, at nine yesterday, when等表示明确有具体的时间状语。eg

I was doing my homework at this time yesterday.

What was Tom doing at ten yesterday.

I was eating dinner when the phone rang.

4.具体的句型:

(1)肯定句:主语+was/were+v-ing eg

 They were having a meeting that time.

 (2)否定句:主语+was not(wasn’t)/were not(weren’t) +v-ing

 上句改写为:They were having a meeting that time._____________________

 (3)一般疑问句式:Was/Were +主语+v-ing

 肯定回答:Yes…was/were.

 否定回答:No…wasn’t/weren’t.

EgWas she reading a book when the teacher came in?

Yes,she was.  / No, she wasn’t.

()whenwhile用法

1.when是“当……时候”,相当于at that time,既可以表示某一时刻又可以表示某一段时间,所以when引导的时间状语从句动词既可以是延续性的,又可以是非延续性的。when引导的时间状语如果是一般过去时,主句一般用过去进行时。而while也意为“当……时候””,相当于during the time,表示某一段时间历里的情况,故其引导的时间状语从句中的动词必须是延续性的。eg

While I was watching TV, my mother came back.

=When my mother came back, I was watching TV.

2.while重在强调其后的动作与助于动作的对比,表示“与此同时”。eg

She was listening to music while I was playing computer games.

3.when/while练习

1_____ the teacher came in, we were talking and laughing.

2)I got home______ my mother was cooking dinner.

3)They were dancing _____ we came to meet them.

4)_______the alien was visiting the museum, the boy called the police.

Step3 学习 3a部分 

1.读课文,写出下列短语和句型。

1)一次不寻常的经历 __________   2)大约在十点左右                   

3) 跟随某人做某事______        4)它是多么的奇怪! _______              

5)当它走进一家礼品店的时候我感到非常惊讶。__________________________________________

6)太不可思议了。__________________________________

2.再读短文,回答问题。

1When did the UFO land ? what was the writer doing ?

2) What places did the alien go ? what did they do ?

3) Did the alien buy any souvenirs in the shop

4) What did the writer do while the alien was in the museum ?

【当堂达标】

(一)根据句意及首字母完成单词

1.My sister was watching TV w_______ she was having supper.

2.My mother was cooking in the k_______ when I got home yesterday.

3.My friend b_________ me a book as a birthday present last week.

4.The plane l_______ safely at last.

5.I graduated from Shandong University this year. So I have no e_______in teaching English.

 ()用所给词的适当形式填空

1.What an ________(amaze) sight!

2.I often see Mrs. Green________(water) flowers in her garden.

3.When they came into the room, Jack and Mike ________(read) books.

4.While I________(sing) an English song, he ________(come) in.

5.What______ you_______(do) at this time yesterday?

6.We ________(listen) to the radio at 7:00 yesterday evening.

()单项填空

1.We heard someome ______ in the next room.

A.sings   B.sang   C.to sing    D.singing

2.There are many trees _____ the classroom.

A.in front of   B.in the front of    C.in front    D.at the front

3.His mother wanted to know what he ______ at that time.

A.is doing    B.was doing    C.has done    D.will do

4.-I was doing my homework at eight o’clock last night.

-You are______. I saw you in the cinema.

A.hard-working    B.kidding    C.kiding    D.kidded

5.They were playing football         it rained.

  A.while     B.when       C.as         D.before

6.____we were eating dinner in the restaurant, the owers dog took my bag away quietly.

A.Because          B.While      C.If         D.Until

【课后反思】

我的收获是______________________________________________________

我的不足是__________________________________________            

我努力的方向是__________________________________________        

 

Unit3 What were you doing when the UFO arrived?

Section B

【教师寄语】Today must borrow nothing of tomorrow.今日事今日毕。

【学习目标】     

1、知识目标:

1) Key words:

scared, climb, jump, shout, rode, ran, anywhere, met, happen, accident, plane, heard, modern, kill, murder, binght, playground, bell, rang, told, close, silence, recent, destroy, terrorist, meaning, became, flight, earth, hero, flew

2)Key phrases:

jump down, take a photo , at the train station, run away , be crowded, think about, come in, look for, Beijing International Airport , at the doctor’s, for example, hear of /hear about ,  take place, World Trade Center, one of the most important events, in modern American history , as …as , walk home in silence , be destroyed by…, at that time , in space ,  a national hero ,  all over the world , be famous /become famous, for the first time

3)Key sentences:

While Linda was buying a newspaper at the train station, the dog got out of his box and ran away.

When Linda finally saw Davy, he was jumping and running with another dog.

People often remember what they were doing when they heard the news of important events in history.

This was one of the most important events in modern American history.

2.能力目标:熟练运用when \ where 引导的时间状语从句句型。

3.情感目标:利用所学的过去进行时态来讲故事,用欣赏的眼光发现生活的美。

【重点】1.while when 引导的时间状语从句   2.anywhere 的用法

【难点】 过去进行时的学习和运用与写作训练

【学习过程】

Step1

预习导学与自测:自主完成activity 1.

1.爬树______2.跳下来__________ 3.惊恐的________ 4.火车站________ 

  5.出来________6.跑掉______7.寻找______8.某事发生在某人身上________

Step2

情景导入:(1) I was reading the book.         The light was off.

(用连词while把两句话连接起来:While I was reading the book, the light was off.)

(2)I was cooking.           The door bell rang.

(while把两句话连接起来:The door bell rang while I was cooking.)

Step3

自主探究:词组用法。

1be scared to do表示“不敢做某事”,是主观原因。

例如:He is scared to go out at night.

2be scared of doing 表示“担心出现doing所出现的情况、结果”,doing 是客观上造成的。例如:He is scared of failing in this maths test.

3、小节回顾

1) While 表示“在……过程中”,强调在一段时间内,所以While引导的从句中的谓语动词必须为延续性动词。

如:While was writing a letter ,the children were playing outside.

Mary 写信时孩子们正在外面玩。(此句中主句动词play为延续性动词,强调主句和从句的动作同时发生。)

when连接的状语从句是个特殊句型,前一个分句(谓语动词用过去进行时)+后一个分句(谓语动词用一般过去时)表示在前一个动作正在进行的过程中突然发生了后一个动作

如:I was walking along the road when I met a friend of mine.

2) Shes shouting.

A shout,shout at,shout to 的用法

1shout 的意思是“ 大叫、呼喊”,指为了使人听见或引起注意而提高声音。

2shout at sb. 对某人大声喊叫,表示某人非常生气,冲着另一个人大喊大叫,态度不好。例如:

Hell shout at me if I do something wrong ,so I should be careful enough not to annoy him.

(3)shout to sb.由于相隔距离远,声音小了听不见,因而高声喊叫某人。例“Come and help me ,pleaseshe shouted to him because he was far away.

Step 4 Reading 1)按要求写出下列单词

hear (过去式)________ fly(过去式)_________(名词形式)_________

   beome(过去式)_________ring (过去式)___________tell(过去式)________ 现代的_____________ 杀死,杀害__________ 谋杀,凶杀____________

明亮的____________寂静,沉默_____________ 英雄__________ _________ (复数)  发生___________(单词)_______________ (词组) ….一样__________ 在地球上__________  听说________       

2 快速读课文,找出些列短语以及画出其所在句子。

重要事件____          _ 重要的事件之一___________  ______ 

在历史上___________________在美国当今历史上_______________

在这一天                    在操场上玩___________________

被破坏______   ________对。。。来说有意义_________________ 

在月球上行走_________________ 环球飞行____________________

成为一个民族英雄____________________

3)再读课文,回答下列问题。

What happened on April 4 ,1968 in the United States ?

___________________                      _______          

What was Robert Allen doing when he heard the news ?

_____________________ _                  _____________

When did Dr Martin Luther King’s murder take place ?

________________ ______________         _______

What was wrong with the World Trade Center in New York on September 11,2001? ________________________________

   What do you know about Yang Liwei in China ? what did he do ?

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________          

(4) 完成3a 连线。

(5)合作交流

1.总结含有 off 的短语:

关闭____  ___起飞_________脱下_________….掉下来______________

2. 用上面的短语填空。

1) Please ___________ the TV. I want to sleep now.

2) I ________________the ladder(梯子) yesterday.

3) While we were driving to the airport, the plane ________.

4) It’s hot in the room. You had better __________ your coat.

3.as ……as 的用法as as 之间加____(词),其否定用法为:_____________例如:I think math is as important as English.

       You are not so tall as me.     He is not as lazy as her..

4.Happen / take place 都有“发生”的意思。 happen 有“碰巧发生,偶然发生”的意思。固定词组为“happen to sb.”,

如:What happened to him ?  He had an accident yesterday .

take place 往往表示必然性的发生或计划内安排的发生。

如:It will take place sooner or later(迟早)

【当堂达标】

()用所给动词的适当形式填空。

1.The boy _________(look) out of the window when the policeman came.

2.While they _________(play) soccer, we were watching TV.

3.My father was reading a book when I _______(get)back.

4.The weather ______(be) fine while we were in Beijing.

5.The girl was really _____ (scare) when she saw the snake.

()完成句子。

1.正当琳达买报纸的时候,狗从箱子里出来然后跑掉了。

While Linda was buying a newspaper, the dog ___ ___ ___thebox and___ ____ .

2.格林一家人正在考虑去长城。

The Greens are ______ _______ going to the Great Wall.

3.汤姆发生了什么事?    What _______ ______Tom?

4.对我来说,学开小汽车很难。It’s ________ for me ____learn to drive a car.

5.我在学校外面遇到了一位老朋友。

He met an old friend______ _______ ________ .

() 单项选择。

1._____ I was cooking, Tina called me.

A.Why   B.While    C.After    D.Before

2.We can see a big tree in _____ front of the classroom.

A.its    B.that      C.the    D./

3.She hoped nothing bad would ________ him.

A.happen   B.take place   C.happen to   D.take place of

4.—Did you see him come into the building?

No, I ____ a football game at that time.

A.watch    B. was watching   C.watched  D.am  watching

5.When his mother got home , he _____ computer.

A.plays   B.playing   C.is playing   D.was playing

【课后反思】

我的收获是______________________________________________________

我的不足是__________________________________________            

我努力的方向是__________________________________________           

  

答案:

Unit 3  Section A

【当堂达标】

(一)根据句意及首字母完成单词

1.while 2.kitchen 3.bought 4. landed 5.experience

()用所给词的适当形式填空

1.amazing 2. water.3. were reading 4.was singing,came 5.were doing 6.were listening

()单项填空      DABBBB

Unit 3  SectionB

参考答案:【当堂达标】

一、1.was looking   2.were playing  3.got   4.was   5.scared  

.1.got out off, ran away  2.thinking about   3.happened to 4.difficult, to  5.outside the school

三、 1-5   BDCBD

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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