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《楼德教研》,2010年获新泰市优秀教研博客一等奖,泰安市教育教学最佳博客奖。属于公益基础教育博客,经营宗旨是为广大中小学教师提供专业服务,为广大中小学生提供学习帮助和平台。《楼德教研》立足于为广大师生和学生家长服务,近年来所发布的试题不少已被选作部分地区的中考试题和期中期末考试试题,很多资料已被结集出版。由于时间限制,我们无法征得所选资料作者的同意,如果你不同意将将自己的文章刊登在此,请通知,我们将予以处理,谢谢!

人教版八年级英语下册第六单元学案  

2010-03-03 20:49:16|  分类: 【教案学案】 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Unit 6  How long have you been collecting shells?

Section A

学习目标

知识目标:

1.单词 collect , shell, skate, pair, since, raise, several, skater

2.掌握句型:How long have you been skating? 

I’ve been skating for five hours.

I’ve been skating since nine hours.   

I’ve been skating since Iwas seven years old.

--How long did you skate?    --I skated for two hours.

--What sport do you play?    --Tennis.

--When did you start?        --When I was eleven.

能力目标:通过学习现在完成进行时,学会谈论人们做某事持续多长时间,谈论人们收藏某物多长时间。

情感目标:通过对历史文化知识的再认识,培养学生跨学科学习的能力。

学习重点:单词和重点句型

学习难点:区别不同点:

1.for” andsince   2.How long have you been skating?”

And “ How long did you skate?”

学习过程:

Step1.自学444546页单词并检测:

收集___________贝壳___________溜冰鞋____________溜冰者__________

马拉松赛跑_________    滑冰马拉松___________   筹集_________    

几个的_________      自从___________    自从9点起____________ 

一双旱冰鞋_________________自从两年前一直到现在 _______________

Step2.新课导入:

    Read the sentences and answer them.  ( help students using “at”and “for”correctly)

1.When did you go to bed last night?     

When did you get up this morning?

How long did you sleep last night?         

2. What are you doing now?        

When did you start the English class today?

How long have you been having the English class today?

How long have you been in class?

Step3.自主探究

一.研讨现在完成进行时态的用法、谓语动词构成、句式转化(一般疑问、否定句、特殊疑问句)及forsince的用法区别 

1.总结现在完成进行时态的用法及谓语动词构成: 现在完成进行时态表示:_________________________________________________. 现在完成进行时态谓语动词的构成:_________________________.

2.sincefor的用法区别:

since后面跟_______________,句子时态用__________________.since后面也可跟_____________,从句时态用__________,主句时态用___________ .for后面跟___________,句子时态可用____________ 也可用_________等多种时态.

选择:I’ve been skating (for/since) three years.

 Jack has been studying Chinese (for/since) the year of 2000.

二.pair “一对、一双、一副”a pair of shoes / glasses /……

单选:⑴ My pair of shoes _____ much too expensive.

     A.are      B.is     C.be       D.my

  Can I help you?  I’d like ______ for my twin sons.

   A.two pair of shoes        B.two pairs of shoe  

C.two pair of shoe         D.two pairs of shoes

三.1.The skating marathon has been going for five hours now, and several skaters are still skating

 several “几个的,数个的” “几个,数个” 

 例如:I bought several books on computer.

       Several of them decided to walk home.

       There are several hundreds of sheep on the hill.

总结several可作______词,用来修饰名词_______;还可做_____词;还可修饰hundreds of.

Eg:根据首字母填空

The girl can speak s_____languages, such as English, Japanese, French, etc.

2. Alison was the first one to start and has been skating for the whole five hours.

 the first one to skate “第一个开始的人”to skate 为动词不定式做__语。

例如:She is the first foreign singer to take part in the contest.

  翻译:今天他是最后一个到校的学生。

 He was the last student ____ _____ ____ _____ today.

 他是第一个赢得这个奖的音乐家。

   He was the first musician ______ _____ the prize.

the whole five hours  整整五个小时”     

whole all 均有“所有的,全部的”但用法不同。

 例如:All the people are here.

We looked for the whole school, but found nothing.

总结all与定冠词、指示代词、物主代词、数词连用时,常放在_______;whole与定冠词一起使用时则放在_______.

  allwhole填空:

  My grandfather told me the_________ story.

  My brother was hungry, he ate_______ the cakes.

Step4. 合作交流

1b,2a,2b. Listen to the tape and finish them. 

Step5.典题赏析:

1.If he doesn’t want to do the job, does ________ went to?

A.     everybody else B.anybudy else C.elseanybody D.else every body

解题:B,  else 修饰不定代词时,要后置,所以排除CD;又根据题意,答案选择B

2.--_________did you return the dictionary?  --Last night .

A.How far    B.When    C.Why   D.How often

解题:选B.  last night意为昨天晚上,是一般过去时态的时间状语,故选B.

3.Who is the last person ________ the office yesterday afternoon?

A.leave    B.left     C.leaves    D.to leave

解题:选D。根据题意,本题动词不定式短语作定语,修饰前面的the last person.

【当堂达标】

.单项选择.

1. We have been walking _____ 8 o’clock. 

A. for        B. at         C. since     D. during

2. Amy has been skating ____ two hours. 

A. or about    B. for since    C. since     D. for about

3. How long have you been living here?  I’ve been living here ______ four years ago.

A. for        B. before      C. since     D. during

4. Uncle Wang ______ since he came to the company.

A. has been working  B. have been working  C. worked  D. work

5. They have been swimming since they ______5.

 A. is         B. was        C. has        D. were

6. Mr Li ______swimming for 3 hours, and his son ____an hour ago.

A. has been, started           B. has been, has started 

C. started, has started         D. has started, started

7. --____ has this food store been here?   -- Since 2001. 

A. How long     B. How often     C. How old    D. How soon

8. I’ve been collecting coins ________ I was 10years old.

A. when      B. while      C. and      D. since

 9. Some students on the village are very poor. Let’s raise four____yuan for them.

 A.thousands    B.thousands of   C.thousand   D.a thousand

.英汉互译

1. 我认为科学是最乏味的科目。

I_____ science is ____ ____ ____ subject.

2. 如果你每天吃汉堡,你会变胖的。

_____ you ____  _____ every day, you will ___  ____

3. Alice 是今天第一个到校的。

Alice was the ______  ______ _____ get to school.

4. 所有的学生都在准备考试。

______ students _____ preparing for the exam.

5. 我已经滑冰5个小时了。I ______ ______ _____ for five hours.

 

Unit 6 How long have you been collecting shells?

 Section B

学习目标

知识目标:

 1.单词:stamp, kite, anyone, run out of, store, cake, particularly, collector, by the way, coin, topic, been, capital, European, Russian, Australian,thousand, foreigner,quite, certain ,miss                                         

2.掌握句型:1)--What does Bob collect? --He collects kites.

2)--How long has he been collecting kites?

 --He’s been collecting kites since he was ten years old.

3)--How many kites has he been collecting?

 --He has been collecting 10.

能力目标:能用所学知识谈论人们的业余爱好。

情感目标:发现自己与他人的兴趣爱好,加深彼此的了解。

学习重难点:单词和重点句型

学习步骤:

Step1 自学474849页单词并检测:

邮票_______   妖怪_________ 球体_________储存_______异乎寻常的_______

搜集者_______ 共同的_________用尽______________ 顺便一说______________    三年半______________邮票________ 球体________ 储存_________搜集者__________ 共同的_________额外的______ 作家__________ 人物_________

朝代__________    首都__________ 用完__________   顺便一提__________

为慈善机构捐钱________________ 整整5个小时_____________

第一个开始的人_______________感兴趣____________想做… _____________自从5年前以来____________自从3点以来_______________

Step2新课导入 Talk about the pictures in 1a. Then ask “ what do you collect? What would you like to collect?”At last students fill in the chart.

Step3合作交流

1Pairwork.Tell you partner what you collect and what you would like to collect. Say why.

(2)2a and 2b. Listen and fill in the chart.

(3)Pairwork. Ask and answer according to the tape withwhat, how long, how many.

(4)根据表格内容编对话

 

What he likes

What he would like to do

How long

Li lei

Make a model plane

Make a car

2 hours

Tom

Play ping-pong

Play basketball

Since 4 o’clock

Step4自主探究3a. Reading

(1)Talk about the pictures on the right.

Read the message and match the snow globes with their descriptions.

(2)Read 3a again and find out the phrases.

翻译:因做感谢…___________________

怪兽雪花球________________________ 生日蛋糕水晶球_____________

里面带有动物的雪花球__________________________

实际上_____________ 用完了空间________________

其他的任何人_______________顺便问一下______________________

在我的七岁生日__________________________

Step5写作. Write an e-mail message about your collection.

                                                                                

                                                                                

                                                                              

Step6典题赏析

(1)–What a nice bike! How long _______ you _______ it?

-Just two weeks.

A.will ,buy   B. did ,buy    C.are, having     D. have , had

解题:选Dbuy是非延续性动词,不能用于上述持续一段时间的结构中。依据句意,just two weeks表示一段时间,是完成时态标志,故排除C

(2) I’ve been collecting coins ________ I was 10 years old.

A.when     B.while      C.and        D.since

解题:本题为现在完成时,I was 10 years old又表示过去的时间点,故选D

【当堂达标】

一.选择题

1.We’ve been _____ to do it for 5 years.

A.to want   B.wanted    C.wanting    D.want

2.We are running ____ paper.          

A.out of   B.out     C.outside   D.out to

3.____ fact ,he told me a lie.           

A.For     B.In      C.To      D.From

4.Thank you for ____me with my homework.

 A.help    B.to help  C.helping  D.helped

5.China is a country _____a long history.   

 A.in    B. to    C.for      D.with

6.About three__people came to visit Mount Tai yesterday.

A.thousand   B.thousands   C.thousand of  D.thousands of

7.--How long have you been studying Japanese?

--I’ve been studying Japanese ___________.

A.since three years    B.after three year

C.three years ago      D.for three years

8.--Can I help you?  --I’m looking for ______ pair of shoes for my daughter.

A.the      B.an      C.a       D.some

9.Some students in the village are very poor. Let’s raise four _______ yuan for them.

A.thousands    B.thousands of    C.thousand     D.a thousand

二.用所给词的适当形式填空

1.Thanks for _____  (send) me the gift.

2.I ______ (watch) TV last night.

3.Can you tell me if you ______ lostyour book?

4.My brother ______ (sleep) when I came back home.

5.You _________ (get) well if you take the medicine.

 

 

答案:

Unit 6 Section A

课堂达标

1.     CDCA  DAADC

2.     (1) think  the most boring  (2) If  eat hamburgers  get fat  (3) first student to  (4) All are   (5) have been skating

Unit 6 Section B

达标测试

 . CABCD ADCC . (1) sending (2) watched (3) lose (4) was sleeping ( 5) will get

 
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