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楼德教研

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《楼德教研》,2010年获新泰市优秀教研博客一等奖,泰安市教育教学最佳博客奖。属于公益基础教育博客,经营宗旨是为广大中小学教师提供专业服务,为广大中小学生提供学习帮助和平台。《楼德教研》立足于为广大师生和学生家长服务,近年来所发布的试题不少已被选作部分地区的中考试题和期中期末考试试题,很多资料已被结集出版。由于时间限制,我们无法征得所选资料作者的同意,如果你不同意将将自己的文章刊登在此,请通知,我们将予以处理,谢谢!

人教版八年级英语上册第一单元Unit 1 How often do you exercise?学案  

2010-08-24 07:48:12|  分类: 【教案学案】 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Unit 1 How often do you exercise

Section A

一、教师寄语

     A bold attempt is half success.(勇敢的尝试是成功的一半)

二、学习目标

知识目标:

Words: always, usually , often, sometimes , hardly , ever, never., once , twice ,

Phrases: how often  three times a week  every day. twice a week

Sentences:

What do you usually do on weekends?   I sometimes go to the beach.

How often do you eat vegetables?       Every day.

Most students do homework every day.

能力目标: 会使用频率副词及短语;能描述课余时间的活动安排;

情感目标: 培养学生良好的学习和生活习惯

三、教学重、难点

频度副词:always, usually, often, sometimes, hardlynever的应用

    疑问词how的用法

四、学习过程

1预习导学或自测

.Look at the picture (学生识图).

What do you usually do on weekends? I sometimes go to the beach..

I sometimes                      去滑板

看书                         看电视                          

做运动                     购物                                                

Ⅱ. 看图写出相应的頻度副词:

 

 

人教版八年级英语上册第一单元Unit 1 How often do you exercise?学案 - Frank - 菟莍教研

  

2.自主学习Pairwork.

How often do you eat vegetables?       Every day.

 

Activities

How ofen

a. go to the movies

Every day

b. watch TV

Once a week

c. shop

Twice a week

d. exercise

Three times a week

e.read

Once a week

 

Twice a week

3.合作探究

Ⅰ.maybe / may be

.The baby is crying      she is hungry.

.The woman       a teacher .

maybe 是副词,意为大概, 可能,或许,一般用于句首。May be是情态动词,意为可能是..,也许是..,大概是..”.

a few / few / a little / little

.       people can live to 100,but          people can live to 150.

. There is       time left, I don’t catch the first bus.

. Could you give me          milk?

 

a few (少数的,几个,一些)

a little (一点儿,少量)

表示肯定

few (很少的,几乎没有的)

little  (很少的,几乎没有的)

表示否定

修饰可数名词

修饰不可数名词

 

hard / hardly

. The ground is too             to dig

. I can          understand them.

. It’s raining            ,the people can              go outside.

 hard作形容词,意为困难的,艰苦的,硬的;作副词,意为努力地,猛烈地Hardly意为几乎不

4.拓展创新 疑问词how的用法

1)怎样,用什么手段,方法。 How did he do it?

I don’t know how to swim.
2)情况如何(指身体健康状况)  How are you?
                                  How’s it going with Tom?
3how manyhow much表示多少

how many后接可数名词复数,how much接不可数名词。

How many times do you go to the park?

How many tickets do we need?

How much water do we need every day?

How much are those pants?
4how often是对动作发生的次数提问,询问的是频率多久一次

回答可以是:Every day./ Once a week./Three times a week./ Often./ ...

egHow often do you play tennis?

How often do you surf the internet.

(5) How long... ? 询问的是时间长短多长时间

回答可以是:About one hour./ Three hours. / Thirty minutes./... 

How long do you usually watch TV? 你通常看多长时间电视?

5. 梳理归纳 Section A 词组归纳:

1. go to the movies 去看电影               2. look after = take care of 照顾

3. surf the internet 上网                    4. healthy lifestyle 健康的生活方式

5. go skate boarding 去划板                6. keep healthy=stay healthy 保持健康

7. exercise=take(much)exercise=do sports锻炼 8. eating habits 饮食习惯

9. take more exercise 做更多的运动         10. the same as 与什么相同

11. be different from 不同                 12. once a month一月一次

13. twice a week一周两次                 14. make a difference to 对什么有影响

15. how often 多久一次                   16. although = though虽然                 

17. most of the students=most students   18. shop=go shopping=do some shopping 购物

19. as for至于                           20. activity survey活动调查

21. do homework做家庭作业               22. do house work做家务事

23. eat less meat吃更少的肉                24. junk food垃圾食物

6.达标检测  根据句意填词.

1.How o_________ do you come to school late?   Never.

2. Farmers milk some m _________from cows.

3. J________ food isn’t good for your health.

4. Do you have a healthy lifestyle if you e_________ every day?

5. I eat fruit three t_________ a week.

6. Does he drink juice every morning?   No, hardly e_________.

7. Here is a program, you may find out the r_________.

8. We are in Class 1, G_________ 2.

9. My father is very busy. He only plays basketball o______ a week.

10. I can’t do it by myself. Can you h_________ me?

五、典型例题解析

 1.   How often do you exercise? 你(你们)多久锻炼一次身体?

How often + 助动词do(doesdid) + 主语 + do sth.? 疑问词how often是问频率(多久一次),(在这里助动词do(doesdid) 是起帮助构成疑问的作用)与一般现在时或一般过去时连用,回答一般是用表示频率的副词,如:once, twice, three times…, sometimes, often, quite, often, never, every day, once a week , twice a month , three times a month , three or four times a month 等。

翻译:

你们多久到工厂去一次?每星期两次。                                ?                                                                                                                  

他多久去购一次物?”“一个月一次。                                   ?                                                                                                                                                                    

2. “What do you usually do on weekends?” “ I usually play soccer.”

周末你通常做什么?”“我通常踢足球。

第一个do为助动词, 在这起帮助构成疑问的作用;而第二个do则是实义动词。

翻译:

周末你通常做什么?我通常看电影。                                                          

周末她通常做什么?她通常看远足。                                                                                                                         

3. “What’s your favorite program?” “It’s Animal World.”   你最喜欢什么节目?                    

4. As for homework , most students do homework every day . 

as for...意思是            ,常用于句首作状语,其后跟名词、代词或动词的-ing形式(即动名词)。如: As for himI never want to see him here.                                       

翻译:至于我自己,我现在不想去。                                                        

六、中考链接  

 1.— _______ do you have an English party?

  —Once a month.(北京)

  A. How old        B. How far     C. How often      D. How long

解析:选项AB分别用来询问年龄和距离,选项CD用来对时间提问,但how often...?常用来对时间的频率进行提问,即多长时间做一次,其答语常为频率副词及频率短语Once/ Twice a week / month等。how long...?则用来提问时间有多长,答语常为表示一段的时间。如two weeks, more than a month等。选C

2.An apple a day is good ______ your health.(南通)   A. at   B. for   C. in    D. with

解析:题意为一天一个苹果对你的健康有益。表示……有益(有好处)要用be good for...结构,其中的介词for为固定搭配。选B

七、课后反思

我的收获:                                                                           

我的不足:                                                                        

我的疑问:                                                                       

 


Unit 1  How often do you exercise

                                          Section B

一、教师寄语

     A bold attempt is half success.(勇敢的尝试是成功的一半)

二、学习目标

知识目标:

Words: milk, junk food, health, unhealthy, habit, exercise, most, result, try, different maybe, although,

Phrases: junk food,  as for,  on weekends, no students,  try to do,  look after,  kind of

Sentences: 1.But my mother wants me to drink it.

2.She says it’s good for my health

3.I try to eat a lot of vegetables.

4.Is her lifestyle the same as yours or different?

能力目标: 能描述课余时间的活动安排;会描述基本饮食结构。

情感目标: 培养学生的逻辑表述能力,激发学生的积极思维,并使学生互相了解,增进友谊,加强人际交往,以形成良好的人际关系。

三、教学重、难点

 区分  How many /how much,  health/healthy,   different/difference

四、学习过程

1. 预习导学或自测

1) 很少/几乎不曾__________________2) surf the lnternet _______________________

  3) 大部分学生_____________________4) as for ________________________________

  5) 一周两次_______________________6) be good for ________________________

  7) 照顾___________________________8) eating habits ______________________

  9) 六到八次_______________________10) try to do sth ________________________

2.自主学习 exercise的用法。

1)作可数名词复数exercises。意为运动、体操

做早操                         做眼睛保健操                                    

 2)作不可数名词,意为练习、习题

egI have to                              .  我必须做大量练习

 3)作动词,意为练习、运动

      eg—How often do you exercise? 我天天锻炼                                             

3.合作探究   课文解析3a

1) pretty表示十分作副词用,我们以前学过quitevery也有这种意思。其中它们的程度由浅入深为quite→pretty→very. 相当健康:                                   

2) I exercise every day, usually when I come home from school.我每天锻炼身体,                 

3) eating habits                        

4) try to do sth意为                      

 eg:他尽力通过考试:                                                          

5) Of course.                 

6) So you see, I look after my health. 所以你看,我很在意我的健康。

look after 意为                           

egCan you                      when I leave? 能帮我照顾一下孩子吗?

  look还可以和许多词搭配,但意思不一样。

(1)     look at                egPlease look at the blackboard.                           

(2)       look for              eg:我在找我的笔                                              

(3)       look like               eg::你爸爸长什么样?                                                                                     

7) Good food and exercise                        好的饮食和锻炼帮助我学得更好。

帮助某人做某事                                                                 

8) be good for              be good at =do well in                  be good to sb.               

9) 相同                       ……不同                     

不同: (n.)difference .There are many                (不同点)between the two pictures.

10) although虽然,尽管,引导让步状语从句,与          同义,

但不能与        同时出现在一个复合句中,可与still, yet同用。

11) 保持健康:                        = be in good health =keep/ be healthy

4.拓展创新  注意sometimes与几个形似的词的区别。

a.sometime是副词,意为在某个时候某时  b. sometimes:有时候是副词。

   c.some time是名词词组,意为一段时间,做时间状语用

  d. some times是名词词组,意为几次,几倍

eg:(1I met him                in the street last month.

(2) Will you come again                  next week?

(3) I will stay here for                           

 (4) I                           watch TV on weekends.

5. 梳理归纳 Section B 词组归纳:

1) be good for 对什么有益               2) be bad for对什么有害

3) want to do sth 想做某事               4) want sb to do sth想某人做某事

5)try to do sth 尽量做某事               6) come home from school放学回家

7) of course = certainly = sure当然         8get good grades取得好成绩   

9) some advice                         10hardly=not nearly / almost not几乎不

11) keep/be in good health保持健康        12pretty healthy 相当健康

13) my eating habits 我的饮食习惯        14drink milk 喝牛奶

15)so you see 正如你所看到的           16look after 照顾

17)my healthy lifestyle 我的健康饮食习惯  18help sb.do sth 帮助某人做某事

19)the same as ….一样                20be different from ….不同

6.达标检测  根据句意填词.                                                                 

I.根据句意,用括号内所给词的适当形式填空。

1.Eating junk food is bad for your ______(healthy).

2.Please find out the _____ (different) between this picture and that picture.

3.There is little light in the room. I can ______ (hard) see anything.

4. Mr Wang goes to Shanghai ______ (one) a year.

5.—Do you want to meet that ______ (interview)?    —No, I don’t.

II. VI.根据汉语意思完成下列各句,每空一词。

1.做眼保健操对你的眼睛有好处。

  Doing eye exercises _______ _______ _______ your eyes.

2.我们尽量准时到达那里。

  We _______ _______ get there on time.

3.散步有助于保持健康。

  Walking helps to keep ______ _______ ________.

4.—你多长时间看一次电影?     我一个星期看两次。

  — ______ _______ do you watch TV?

  — I watch TV twice a week.

5.每天运动对我们的健康有好处。

  It’s good for our health ______ _______ every day.

五、典型例题解析

1..But my mother wants me to drink it. 但是我妈妈让我喝(牛奶)。

want用作及物动词,意为想要,其后可接名词、代词、不定式作宾语,

eg: Katrina wants                               .卡特里娜想和我们一起去看电影。

David wants me                                  . 大卫想让我帮助他学英语。

2.She says it’s good for my health. 她说这对我的健康有益。

be good for表示                ,其反义词组是                       

be good at表示                 ,其同义词组是                       

eg:It                          to go to bed early. 早睡对你有好处。

He                  Chinese now.他现在擅长于中文。

3. I try to eat a lot of vegetables. 我尽量多吃疏菜。

try to do sth. 意为                            

eg: I’ll try                                   . 我要设法学好英语。

注意:try后也可接v.ing形式。try doing sth. 意为                     表示想知道结果而尝试着做做看。Eg: Let’s try                              咱们敲敲门试试。

4.. ...and I think I’m kind of unhealthy. ……我认为我有点不健康。

词语辨析kind of a kind of

(1)kind of 相当于一个程度副词,用来修饰形容词的原级,意为               ,是一个固定短语,不能变形,=                    

Eg: You are                      你有点累.

The panda is                 这只熊猫有点机灵。

(2)a kind of 是一种起限定作用的短语,意为            用在名词前。其中的kind为可数名词,意为         ,有单复数变化。

Eg: An elephant is                              .大象是一种动物。

There are                              fish in the river. 河里有各种各样的鱼。

(3 )kind用作形容词,意为        。常见结构be kind to sb.,意为对某人和蔼(友好)

Eg:The teachers in our school                      .我们学校的老师对我们很和蔼。

六、中考链接  

1.I didn’t go to the park with my classmates, because my mother asked me to ____ my little sister at home.(吉林省)

  A. look after       B. look at      C. look for        D. look like

解析:四个选项中只有look after符合题意。选A

2.Can you speak a little louder?  I can _____ hear you. (辽宁)

  A. hard             B. really        C. hardly         D. clearly

解析:由前一句你能说话大声点吗?可知,后一句含有否定意义。选C

3..We hope your children grow happily and _____ (health).(山东)

解析:从语法角度来分析,此处应填一个副词来修饰动词growhealth是名词,其形容词为healthy,副词为healthily。填healthily

七、课后反思

我的收获:                                                                            

我的不足:                                                                       

我的疑问:                                                                        

 

 

 

 

 

 

参考答案

 

 

Unit1  Section A

四、学习过程

1预习导学或自测/情景导入

Ⅰ.去滑板go skate boarding看书 read books 看电视 watch TV

做运动exercise=take(much)exercise=do sports 购物shop=go shopping=do some shopping

Ⅱ. 看图写出相应的頻度副词:

1.always  2.usually  3.often  4. sometimes  5.hardly  6.never

3.合作探究

Ⅰ Maybe / may be  Ⅱ.  a few / Few / little / a little  Ⅲ. hard / hardly/ hard ,hardly

6.达标检测 根据句意填词:

1.often  2. milk  3.Junk  4. exercise  5.times  6.ever 7.result(s)  8. Grade  9.once  10.help

五、典型例题解析

1. “How often do you go to the factory?” “Twice a week. ”

“How often does he go shopping?” “He goes shopping once a month.”

2. What do you usually do on weekends? I often go to the movies.   

What does she usually do on weekends? She sometimes go hiking. 

3.“动物世界。

4. “至于;关于 至于他,我永远不希望在这里见到。

As for myself, I don’t want to go now.

Unit1  Section B

四、学习过程

1预习导学或自测/情景导入

1.hardly ever 2. 上网3.most of the students 4. 至于5. twice a week 6. 有好处 7. look after 8.饮食习惯9. six or seven times a week10. 尽力做某事

2.自主学习 exercise的用法。

1do morning exercise do eye exercise 2do so much exercise 3

I exercise every day.

3.合作探究

1. pretty healthy.2.通常放3. 饮食习惯4. 尽力去做某事/He tried to pass the exam.5.  当然  6.照顾、照看/look after my baby(1)看,认真地看/请看黑板(2)寻找 I’m looking for my  pen/(3) 看起来像What does your father look like?   7. help me to study better./ .help sb. (to) do /with sth.  8. 有好处/ 擅长于,在学得好/ 很好9 the same as /be different from /differences10. though/but 11. keep in good health

4.拓展创新  1.some times /好多次2.sometime 某个时间

3.some time.一段时间4. sometimes 有时候

6.达标检测

I.根据句意,用括号内所给词的适当形式填空。

1. health  2. differences  3. hardly   4. once   5. interviewer

II. VI.根据汉语意思完成下列各句,每空一词

1.is good for   2. try to   3. in good health   4. How often 5. to exercise

五、典型例题解析

1. to go to the movie with us. / to help him with his English

2. ….有益/好处/ be bad for;/ be bad for;/do well in/

/is good for you// is good at

3.设法、尽力去做某事// to learn English well

//试着做某事knocking at the door.

4. 有点儿、稍微/ a little /kind of tired// kind of smart.

一种/种类/a kind of animals/ all kinds of//好心,仁慈的 / are very kind to us

 
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