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《楼德教研》,2010年获新泰市优秀教研博客一等奖,泰安市教育教学最佳博客奖。属于公益基础教育博客,经营宗旨是为广大中小学教师提供专业服务,为广大中小学生提供学习帮助和平台。《楼德教研》立足于为广大师生和学生家长服务,近年来所发布的试题不少已被选作部分地区的中考试题和期中期末考试试题,很多资料已被结集出版。由于时间限制,我们无法征得所选资料作者的同意,如果你不同意将将自己的文章刊登在此,请通知,我们将予以处理,谢谢!

人教版九年级英语第二单元Unit 2 Section B学案  

2010-08-25 08:01:42|  分类: 【教案学案】 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Unit 2

Section B1a—2c

学习目标 

1.谈论自己过去喜欢的事情。

2.掌握下列知识点:

重点词汇:hatecandychewgum

重点短语:①walk to school   ②on the soccer team   ③all the time

④worry about     ⑤chew gum

重点句型:

We have to take thebus to schoo1.

语法:反意疑问句

预习导学

Ⅰ.英汉短语互译。

1.步行去上学                   

2.chew gum                     

3.一直;总是                    

4.nt he soccer team            

Ⅱ.预习Section Bla,1b,写出你小时候喜欢的事情。

5.I used to like                    

6.I used to                         

7.I used                            

合作研讨

一、重点单词与短语

1.hateu.讨厌;恨;不喜欢

例如:I used to hate music class.我过去讨厌音乐课。

【拓展】hate后跟名词、代词、动名词或不定式作宾语,同义词为dislike,反义词like

【跟踪训练】

(1)他不喜欢在晚上开车

He hates    at night.

2.chew.嚼;咀嚼

【跟踪训练】

(2)吃饭要细嚼慢咽。

You must    your food well before you swallow it.

3.worry about担心;焦虑

【拓展】与be worried about同义

【跟踪训练】

(3)不要担心她。

Don't         her.

二、重点句型与语法

句型

We have to take the bus to schoo1.

我们不得不乘公共汽车去上学。

【精解】①have to意为必须;不得不,后跟动词原形。

【辨析】have to/must

have to具有客观性,不以人的主观意志为转移;而must强调主观性。have to可以用于各种时态,而must则不能。

【跟踪训练】

(4)他不得不早起赶早班车。

He         get up early to catch the early bus

(5)我们必须学好英语。

We    learn English    .

【精解】②take the bus意为乘公共汽车”,“take+the+交通工具,相当于“by+交通工具

 【跟踪训练】

(6) go to school by bus every day.(同义句转换)

 I              to schoo1 every day.

语法

反意疑问句

反意疑问句,表示说话人提出某种情况或建议,询问对方是否同意。

(1)反意疑问句的结构

反意疑问句是由陈述句+反意疑问部分构成,其反意疑问部分的结构是:be动词/助动词/情态动词+主语。否定形式要用缩略形式。

  主句为肯定陈述句,反意疑问部分为否定形式,即前肯后否式。

【跟踪训练】

(7)You are a studem,          ?

主句为否定陈述句,反意疑问部分为肯定形式,即前否后肯式。

 【跟踪训练】

(8)He hasn't finished his homework         ?

(2)反意疑问部分的主语和谓语的确定

反意疑问部分的主语用代词而不用名词。

 【跟踪训练】

(9)My brother likes playing basketball,          ?

   陈述句中含有否定意义的词,如littlefew,never,hardlynothingnobody等,其反意疑问部分用肯定形式。

 【跟踪训练】

(10)He knows little English         ?

    陈述句是“there be”结构时,其反意疑问部分用“be+there"   

 【跟踪训练】

(11)There is a post office near the school,          ?

Let's开头的祈使句,反意疑问部分为shall we;以Let us开头的祈使句,反意疑问部分为will you;主句为祈使句,反意疑问部分为will you

 【跟踪训练】

(12)Let's go home         ?

(13)Don't be late again         ?

陈述句中含有情态动词must时,若must表示必须时,反意疑问部分用needn't。若must表示推测一定;想必之意时,其反意疑问部分的动词应根据must后面的动词来确定。

 【跟踪训练】

(14)We must work hard         ?

(15)She must have finished her homework,          ?

当陈述句为含有宾语从句的主从复合句时,反意疑问部分的动词和主语通常与主句的动词和主语保持一致。若主句的主语是第一人称I/we,其谓语动词又是thinksup-posebelieveimagine等,则反意疑问部分的主语和动词应与从句的主语和动词保持一致。

 【跟踪训练】

(16)Tom said that he would visit China next month         ?

(17)I think she can solve the problem         ?

(3)反意疑问句的答语

应根据具体的语言环境确定用肯定回答或否定回答,即根据事实回答。对前否后肯式的反意疑问句的回答要注意其回答形式要一致,即肯定用Yes,后面的部分用肯定形式,Yes译为;否定用No,后面的部分用否定形式,No意为是的

 【跟踪训练】

(18)—Your father isn't a doctor, is he?           (,他是).

当党检测

Ⅰ.根据句意及首字母或汉语提示完成单词

1.I used to c    gum a lot.What about you?

2.Do you like    (糖果)?  NoI don't.

3.Some students usually go to school on    (步行).

4.She used to    (讨厌)gym class.

5.He is a basketball P    .

Ⅱ.根据汉语提示完成句子

6.I don't         (担心)tests.

7.Li Lei often              (乘公共汽车)to school.

8.She      (不得不)look after her little brother because her mother isn't at home.

课后练习

Ⅰ.单项选择

 1.Tom plays basketball well and he is    the basketball team.   

A.in    B.on    C.at    D.with

  2.If you are famous,people will follow you    .

A.all the time   B.the all timeC.a11 time   D.time all

  3.He used to play ping-pang    .

        A.don't he     B.didn't he  C.wasn't he    D.doesn't he

  4.—You are new here    .   —Yes,I came here last year.

A.do you     B.don't you   C.are you    D.aren't you

  5.—Bill had nothing for breakfast this morning    ?

              he got up too late.

A.had heYes  B.hadn't heYes  C.did heNo  D.didn't heNo

Ⅱ.阅读理解

It took John many months to save up(积蓄)seven pounds.He wanted to buy a new model plane and went to the shop with the money.

On the way,John saw a little boy crying on the corner of the street.“Why are you crying?”John asked.

“Three big boys took away four pounds from me just now ,”the boy said.“I was on my way to buy some exercise booksbut I can't.”

John thought of the seven pounds in his pocket.He thought of the model plane and the poor boy.

John wanted to walk awaybut he did not.At last he gave four pounds to the boyandwent home.

John felt happy.Do you know why?It was because the little boy was happy.

根据短文内容填空

John spent many  6  saving  7  seven pounds.He  8  to buy a new model plane.On the way to the  9  he saw a boy  10  .The boy  11  John that three boys had taken away four pounds from himand he couldn't  12  some exercise books.

  13  last John gave  14  four pounds.John didn't buy the  15  planebut he felt happy all the same.

6.        7.        8.        9.        10.     

11.       12.       13.       14.       15.     

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                     Unit 2

Section B3a—4a

学习目标:

1.谈论自己存在的问题。

2.掌握下列知识点:

重点词汇:chatdailycomic

重点短语:①a11 day ②not...any more③chat with④in the last few years ⑤these days

重点句型:

①When I was youngI used to have so much timebut these days I get up early and stay in schoo1 a11 day.

②Before I started high schoo1I used to spend a 1ot of time playing games with my friendsbut I just don't have the time anymore.

预习导学

Ⅰ.英汉短语互译。

1.太忙了             2.not...any more             

3.闲聊                      4.in the last few years               

Ⅱ.阅读Section B 3a部分,回答下列问题。

5.What's Rose Tang's biggest problem?

                                                                                         

6.Did Rose Tang use to have so much time when she was young?

                                                                                        

7.Does Rose Tang miss the o1d days?

                                                                                          

合作研讨

一、重点单词与短语

1.chat 认聊天;闲谈

【拓展】chatwith sb意为和某人聊天,相当于chat to sb.

【跟踪训练】

1)以前晚饭后我常和奶奶聊天。

  I used to         my grandmother after dinner

2.daily adj.每日的;日常的

【拓展】以1y结尾的形容词还有:friendly(友好的),lWely(可爱的;美丽的)等

【跟踪训练】

2)你的日常生活如何?

How is your         ?

二、重点句型

1.When I was young,I used to have so much timebut these days I get up early and stay in schoo1 a11 day.

当我小的时候,我常常有那么多的时间,但是现在我早早起床,整天待在学校里。

【精解】so much意为如此多的,修饰不可数名词。so many意为如此多的,修饰可数名词复数。

【跟踪训练】

(3)我太忙了,我有这么多家庭作业要做。

I am too busy.I have         homework to do.

【拓展】(1so....that...意为如此……以至于……”,引导结果状语从句;so that意为以便;为了,相当于in order to,引导目的状语从句。

【跟踪训练】

(4)他跑得如此快,我们跟不上他。

He ran    quickly    we couldn't keep up with him

(5)She got up early so that she could catch the early bus.(同义句转换)

   She got up early                catch the early bus.

【拓展】(2“so+助动词+主语意为“……也是如此,代替上句提到的情况或事实;“so+主语+助动词意为“……确实……”,表示赞同。

【跟踪训练】

(6)—Tom can speak French.                 (我也会说).

(7)—Li Lei is good at swimming              (是呀).

2.BefOre I started high schoo1I used to spend a 1ot of time playing games with my friendsbut I just don't have the time anymore.

在上中学之前,我常常花费大量时间和朋友们一起做游戏,但是现在我再也没有这样的时间了。

【精解】(1)spend意为花费时,后跟表示时间或金钱等的单词。

【跟踪训练】

 (8)昨天晚上做家庭作业花费了我半小时。

I    half an hour    my homework 1ast night.

【辨析】spend/take/cost/payfor

spend/take/cost/payfor)四个单词都有花费的意思,但用法不同。

①spend主语为,常用句式“sb.+spends+时间/金钱十onsth./indoing sth./with sb.”

②take意为需要;花费时,其常用句式“htakes/took+sb.+时间/金钱+to do sth.”为形式主语,动词不定式to do sth.作真正的主语。

③cost意为花费时,主语为,常指花费金钱,其常用句式“sth.+cost+sb.+金钱

④pay意为花费时,主语为,其常用句式“sb.+pay+金钱+for+sth.”

【跟踪训练】

(9)今年夏天我要和我奶奶度过假期。

I'll    my vacation    my grandmother this summer.

(10)昨天晚上做家庭作业花费了我半小时。

It    me half an hour         my home-work last might.

(11)这本书花了我十元钱。

The book    me 10 yuan.

(12)这本书花了我十元钱。

I    10 yuan    the book.

【精解】(2not anymore意为不再not应置于be动词或助动词之后,anymore应位于句末。

【拓展】not anymore的同义短语为no 1onger,not any lon-ger,no more,not any more

【跟踪训练】

(13)她不再住儿了。

She    live here    .

当堂检测

Ⅰ.根据句意及首字母或汉语提示完成单词

1.SorryI have no time to chat with you.I'm b    now.

2.I really     (想念)the o1d days.

3.How much did you    (花费)on the CD player?

Ⅱ.根据汉语提示完成子

4.You aren't a chi1d        (不再).You Should 1ook after yourself.

5.We    (花费)two hours    (完成)the work yesterday.

6.She is    (闲聊)with her friend on the phone.

课后练习

Ⅰ.单项选择

   1.—I have many beautiful stamps.        .

A.So I do    B.So have I   C.SO dO I    D.I do so

   2.Now l have to stay in schoo1    .

         A.a11 day   B.all theday  C.a11 days  D.a11 the days

   3.—How 1ong did it take you    your home-wotk every day?

         —About two hours.

         A. to finish    B.finishing   C. finished     D.finisheS

   4.His life    a 1ot in the 1ast few years.

         A.changed    B.changes    C.has changed   D.had changed

   5    important for everyone    English well.

        A.It'sto 1earn  B.It'slearning C.That'sto 1earn D.That'`s1earning

Ⅱ.根据短文内容,完成已给出首字母的单词,使短文内容通顺完整。

We are very g   6   that Wang Ming has made greatprogress.He used to b

  7   late for schoo1 and didn’t 1istento the teachers c  8  in class.After schoo1he 1iked p   9   computer games and watching TV.He didn’t do his homework So his 1essons were bad.He f   10   in many suects. Li Ping is a good boy.Heisg   11   at his lessons.Hem   12   friends with Wang Ping.He helps him with his 1essons and helps him w   13   out problems.Nowwith Li Ping’s helpWang Ming has become i   14   in his lessons.He studies hard and finishes his homework on time.Besideshe gets on well with his classmates.From thiswe know thatit’s I   15   for us to help and 1earn from each other.

6.      7.      8.     9.        10.    

11.     12.        13.         14.     15.     

 

 

 

 

 

 

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