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楼德教研

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《楼德教研》,2010年获新泰市优秀教研博客一等奖,泰安市教育教学最佳博客奖。属于公益基础教育博客,经营宗旨是为广大中小学教师提供专业服务,为广大中小学生提供学习帮助和平台。《楼德教研》立足于为广大师生和学生家长服务,近年来所发布的试题不少已被选作部分地区的中考试题和期中期末考试试题,很多资料已被结集出版。由于时间限制,我们无法征得所选资料作者的同意,如果你不同意将将自己的文章刊登在此,请通知,我们将予以处理,谢谢!

人教版九年级英语第三单元Unit 3 Section A学案  

2010-08-25 08:05:16|  分类: 【教案学案】 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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Unit 3 Teenagers should be allowed to choose their own clothes

Section A

       

语言点导学

1._______________________________________________________________.

  我认为应该允许12岁的孩子选择他们自己的衣服。

2.______________________________________________________________.

  我认为不应该允许12岁的孩子穿耳孔。

3.______________________________________________________________.

  应该允许16岁的孩子开车。

4.______________________________________________________________.

  不应该允许孩子做兼职工作。

以上句子中反复出现的should be allowed是含有情态动词的被动语态。

< 1 > 英语有两种语态:______________ ________________。主动语态表示主语是动作的__________;被动语态表示主语是动作的___________

< 2 > 被动语态的谓语部分由“___________ +____________ ”构成,主动词be_____________________ 的变化。

1.Many people like football.          _______语态

 Football is liked by many people.     _______语态

< 3 > 被动语态的基本用法

1 > 不知道动作的执行者时,用被动语态

2.The window was broken last night. ( 翻译 )______________________

2 > 没有必要或不想指出谁是动作的执行者时,用被动语态

3.This school was built last year.       ______________________

4.I heard you were asked to go home.    ______________________

3 > 强调或突出动作的承受者时,用被动语态

5.This kind of watch is made in Japan.      _______________________

4 > 用被动语态时,如果需要指出动作的执行者时,可用“_______ +动作的执行

者(宾格)这一短语来表示,置于__________

6.The picture was painted by a woman artist.   _______________________

7.The room was cleaned by them.      _________________________

< 4 > 本单元主要讲含有情态动词的被动语态。其结构为: 情态动词 + be + 过去分词

8.家长应该允许青少年上网。

Teenagers ________ ________ ________ to surf the Internet.( 改为否定句 )

Teenagers ________ ________ ________ to surf the Internet.( 一般疑问句 )

 ________ teenagers ________ ________ to surf the Internet?

 —Yes, ________ ________. /  —No, ________ ________.

Exercises

a. 应该允许安娜自己选择衣服。Anna ____________________________________.

b. 课堂上不应该允许学生听MP3. 

MP3 ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ ______ students in class.

c. 我能使用这台计算机吗?

  _______ this computer _______ _______ _______ _______?

d. 这本书严禁借给别人。

  This book _______ _______ _______ to others.

e. 这张照片可能是他2008年拍的。            

  The photo may _______ _______ in 2008 _______ _______.

< 5 > 常见的其它几种时态的被动语态

一般现在时:主语 + be ( am / is / are ) + 过去分词 + ------

一般过去时:主语 + was / were + 过去分词 + ------

一般将来时:主语 + will / shall + be + 过去分词 + ------

Exercises

a. 现在许多人讲英语。English _______ _______ _______ many people now.

b. 那本书是鲁迅写的。The book _______ _______ _______ Lu Xun.

c. Much food _________ ( make ) in China and ________ ( sell ) to foreign countries.

d. Tom _________ ( take ) to his grandfather by his mother.

e. A lot of trees __________ along the river last year, and I think more trees __________  in one year. ( plant )

2. ___________________________________________________________________

我认为不应该允许12岁的孩子穿耳孔。

< 1 > allow doing sth.           _____________________

allow sb. To do sth.        _____________________

be allowed to do sth.       _____________________

1.我们不允许在考试中抄答案。

We don’t ________ ________ answers in the exam.

2.我父母允许我晚上看电视。

My parents ________ ________ ________ ________ TV at night.

3. We won’t allow _____ in the cinema. But you are allowed ____in the rest room. ( smoke )

< 2 > 句中get their ears pierced“穿耳孔,属于get + 宾语 + 过去分词结构,

get / have sth. done 常用于表示请或让某人做某事

1.He had his bike ________ ( repair ) yesterday.

2.I’ll have my hair ________ ( cut ) tomorrow.

3. —我家有许多规定。_______________________________________________

我们家也是。    ___________________________________

句中so引导的是倒装句。其结构是 So + be / 助动词 / 情态动词 + 主语,在时态上与前句保持一致,意为“------也是这样,表示所叙述的事与前面所讲的事一致。

1.我喜欢英语,他也喜欢。I like English. ________ ________ ________.

2.Jim会说汉语,我也会。 Jim can speak English, ________ ________ ________.

拓展  

结构so + 主语 + be / 情态动词 / 助动词,则表示同意别人的看法,意为的确如此。如:

   他学习很刻苦。  —He works very hard.

他的确很刻苦。  So he does.

3.—他们昨天玩的很愉快。   —They enjoyed themselves yesterday.

   确实很愉快。          —________ ________ ________.

4—你的朋友要到国外去。    他们是要去,而且我也去。

—Your friends will go abroad.

—_______ _______ _______, and _______ _______ _______.

 当堂达标检测: 

 一、  单项选择

(  ) 1. . 将下列单词或短语翻译成英语

< A > 1. 刺穿,刺破_____________ 2. 执照;许可证_____________

3. 傻的____________        4. 耳环_____________       

< B > 1. 和朋友一起外出____________________________           

2. 十六岁的孩子___________________________________            

3. 做兼职工作______________________ 4. 穿耳孔________________

5. 去商场______________________ 6. 驾照___________________   

7. 不够严肃____________________________

8. 不够沉着___________________________9. 剪头发______________

10. 停止佩戴那只可笑的耳环_______________________                   

11. 需要时间做作业___________________________                                     

12. 代替,而不是_______________________ 13. 熬夜_______________      

14. 在上学的每天晚上_____________________15. 打扫,整理__________    

二、单项选择:

(  )1. The fruit should be well _____ during winter.

A. keep      B. kept      C. keeping      D. to keep

(  ) 2. I have a _____ daughter.

A. six years old   B. six year old   C. six-year-old   D. six-years-old

(  ) 3. He is too young. He is not _____ to join the army.

A. old too     B. too old     C. enough     D. old enough

(  ) 4. We disagreed _____ this plan.

A. of        B. to       C. with        D. about

(  ) 5. You need _____ warm clothes, or you’ll catch a cold.

A. to wear     B. wearing     C. wears     D. be worn

(  ) 6. I allow Tom _____ my computer.

A. use       B. using       C. to use       D. uses

(  ) 7. Young trees should be _____.

A.taken good care  B.take good care of  C.looking after well D.well looked after

(  ) 8. Boys and girls, please stop _____ so much noise. It’s time for class.

A. to make     B. to produce     C. making     D. producing

(  ) 9. Mr. Green has lived in the _____ hotel since he came to China.

A. five-star    B. five-stars     C. five star’s    D. five stars

(  ) 10. He often has some photos _____ when he goes to the beach.

A. taken      B. takes      C. to take      D. took

三、用所给单词的适当形式填空

1. What news __________ ( mention ) in his speech yesterday.

2. Tom watched TV instead of __________ ( listen ) to the radio.

3. Your homework __________ ( do ) today.

4. The museum __________ ( build ) in 1956.

5. Football __________ ( play ) in our school every day.

6. We know the olds __________ ( take ) good care of by __________ ( 他们 )

7. His sister wants to get her ears __________ ( pierce ).

8. Please stop __________ ( smoke ) in public. It’s impolite.

9. The flowers should __________ ( water ) in the morning.

10. My bike needs __________. I’ll have it __________ tomorrow.  ( repair )

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