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《楼德教研》,2010年获新泰市优秀教研博客一等奖,泰安市教育教学最佳博客奖。属于公益基础教育博客,经营宗旨是为广大中小学教师提供专业服务,为广大中小学生提供学习帮助和平台。《楼德教研》立足于为广大师生和学生家长服务,近年来所发布的试题不少已被选作部分地区的中考试题和期中期末考试试题,很多资料已被结集出版。由于时间限制,我们无法征得所选资料作者的同意,如果你不同意将将自己的文章刊登在此,请通知,我们将予以处理,谢谢!

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山东省菏泽市2014年初中学业水平考试英语试题及答案  

2014-09-15 14:37:24|  分类: 【中考英语】 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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山东省菏泽市2014年初中学业水平考试英语试题

第I卷(选择题  共55分) 

一、英语知识运用(共两节,满分25分) 
第一节  单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分) 
从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。  
1. Doing lots of listening practice is one of ________ best ways of becoming ________ good language learner.
A. the; the            B. the; a                C. 不填; a                D. the; 不填 
2.   We decide to make ________ a rule for us room-mates to turn off the lights at 10:30 pm. 
A. that             B. this                    C. it                           D. one
3. My teacher gave me much ________ on how to study English well when I had some trouble.
A. advice              B. question           C. suggestion            D. problem
4. —How do you like the fish I cooked for you?
—I haven’t had it yet. However, it ________ good.
A. smells                 B. tastes                     C. sounds                D. feels
5.   I’d love to go to the English evening. But I’m a little ________, because I will be asked to sing an English song in front of the whole school.
A. tired                    B. sad                        C. nervous                     D. pleased
6.   It is believed that ________ December 21st, 1891, the first basketball game in history was played. 
   A. on               B. in                      C. at                           D. by
7.   —Have you finished your homework yet?
—Yes. I _________ it twenty minutes ago.
A. have finished     B. finished               C. will finish                 D. had finished
8.                              People who eat a balanced diet should be ________ than those who only eat hamburgers.
A. clever                B. cleverer                C. healthy                     D. healthier
9.   —Which of the two pairs of shoes will you take?
—I’ll take ________. They are too small for me.
A. both                    B. all                          C. either                   D. neither
10. Look, so many people are running out of the station. I wonder what ________.
A. is happened     B. was happening    C. is happening              D. had happened
11.  —Look, someone left a book.
—Oh, yeah … This book ________be Kitty’s. Only she likes to read this kind of books. 
A. can                      B. must                      C. may                        D. might
12.  “Learning from Lei Feng Day” is only two weeks from now. We need to ________ a plan about it.
A. come up with    B. put up                   C. call up                   D. set up
13.  —When will you return the book to me?
—I’ll give it to you _________ I finish it. 
A. once              B. until                    C. as soon as             D. unless
14. —Look at the flowers I gave you last month. They are dying! ________ do you water them?
—Sorry, I forgot to water them. 
A. How long         B. How often              C. How soon               D. How much
15.  —Why don’t you join an English language club to practice speaking English?
—__________.
A. It’s my pleasure                                  B. Take it easy
C. That’s all right                                     D. That’s a good idea
第二节 完形填空(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分) 
阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从16~25各小题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 
The Vietnam (越南) War broke out. The young husband    16    the army and died in the war. His wife and son began to have a    17    life after that. Even though their life was very hard and sometimes they didn’t have enough food to eat, the    18    still decided to raise her son by herself.
Several years later her son immigrated (移民) to America    19    finally became an engineer. He often sent letters to his mother with much money. However, with many excuses,  the son    20    to come back home to visit his mother.
   21    his mother died, the son returned. But he didn’t cry. His mother left a box behind. During the funeral (葬礼), the son opened the box and    22    cried and shouted, “Mom! Mom!”    23    looked at each other and then looked at the box. It was full of $100 bills and a piece of paper.
It read, “Son, I don’t spend too much money. I miss you a lot. Every time I heard a motorcycle    24   , I ran out of the door but it wasn’t you. I saved money    25    you in case (以防) you get sick.”
16. A. joined                  B. moved                    C. found                        D. sent
17. A. comfortable          B. easy                       C. hard                          D. happy
18. A. son                      B. father                     C. husband                    D. wife 
19. A. but                      B. and                        C. so                             D. or 
20. A. refused                B. agreed                   C. asked                      D. offered
21. A. Before                B. When                    C. While                      D. As
22. A. slowly                 B. hardly                    C. quickly                      D. suddenly 
23. A. Nobody               B. Anyone                   C. Everyone                   D. Somebody
24. A. passing by            B. going away             C. showing up               D. running off 
25. A. with                    B. on                          C. to                             D. for
二、阅读理解(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)     
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A
There was a boy and his family was very rich. One day his father took him on a trip to a place. He wanted to show his son how poor people were there. They spent several days on a farm. There were many poor families living on the farm.
On their way home, the father asked the son, “How was the trip?” “It was great, Dad,” the son answered. “Did you notice how poor people were there?” asked his father. “Oh, yes,” said the son. “So, tell me,” said his father. The son said, “Well, we have one dog and they have four. We have a pool in our garden, while they have a river that has no end. We have expensive lanterns (灯), but they have stars above their heads at night. We have only a small piece of land to live on, while they have the endless fields. We buy our food, but they grow theirs. We have high walls around our houses to protect us, but they don’t need walls, because their friends will protect them.”
The father had nothing to say. Then the boy added, “Thank you, Dad, for letting me see how poor we are.” 
26. The father wanted to show his son ________.
A. how people on the farm worked 
B. how poor people were on the farm
C. how beautiful the farm was
D. how far it was from the city to the farm
27. How often did they go to the farm?
A. Once a week.                                       B. Twice a month.
C. Every year.                                           D. The writer doesn’t tell us.
28. When the father asked the son how the trip was, the son thought it ________.
A. great                                                 B. tiring
C. terrible                                                 D. boring 
29. According to the boy, people on the farm can see ________ at night.
A. expensive lanterns                                 B. a lot of cars 
C. stars above their heads                           D. many horses 
30. Which of the following is TRUE, according to the passage?
A. The boy was from a very poor family.
B. The father and the son spent several weeks on a farm.
C. People on the farm have high walls around their houses. 
D. The boy thought that people on the farm lived a happy life.
B

 


Ironing a shirt is easy to learn. Just follow the steps in this short guide (指南), and you’ll learn how to iron your shirt properly with the help of the video. The most important thing is this: don’t try to iron a dry shirt. 
 Get ready
You will need an iron, an ironing board and a bottle of water. Place the shirt on the ironing board. You can iron in whatever order you like, but most people like to start at the top — the collar. Have a bottle of water ready. Spray (喷) it onto the shirt to make it easier to iron.
 Do the ironing
First, iron the inside of the collar. Second, turn the collar over and iron the other side. Third, iron the back shoulders of the shirt. Fourth, iron the cuffs. Iron the inside, then the outside of the cuffs. Fifth, iron the sleeves. Sixth, iron the back of the shirt. Finally, iron the front of the shirt. Do one side, and then do the other side.
 Dry the shirt
Check your shirt and iron it again if you need to. Now put your shirt on a hanger and let it dry.
31. What’s the most important thing if you want to iron a shirt?
A. Have a bottle of water ready.
B. Don’t try to iron a dry shirt.
C. Wash your shirt carefully.
      D. Place the shirt on the ironing board.
32. You will need all of the following things EXCEPT ________ before you iron a shirt.
A. a ruler                                                B. an iron
C. an ironing board                                 D. a bottle of water
33. Most people like to start with ironing ________ of a shirt.
A. the sleeves                                            B. the back shoulders
C. the cuffs                                              D. the collar
34. How many steps are there to do the ironing, according to this guide?
A. Five.                                               B. Six.
C. Seven.                                              D. Eight.
35. The writer tells us it’s easy to learn how to iron a shirt by ________.
A. reading a book                                      B. watching a video
C. listening to the radio                              D. reading the newspaper
C
The first day of school, our professor introduced an old lady Rose to us.
“Why are you in college at such an age?” I asked her. She replied, “I always dreamed of having a college education and now I’m getting one!” We became friends quickly.
At the end of the term I invited Rose to make a speech to our football team. I’ll never forget what she taught us. She said, “There are some secrets of staying young and being happy. You have to laugh and find humor every day. You must have a dream. When you lose your dreams, you will die. There is a huge difference between growing old and growing up. Anybody can grow older. That doesn’t need any talent or ability. To grow up, you must always find the opportunity in change. Have no regrets. The people who are afraid of death are those with regrets.”
At the end of the year, Rose finished her college. One week after graduation, Rose died peacefully in her sleep. We would always remember the great woman. 
36. From the passage, we can learn that Rose ________.
A. went to college at an old age
B. became a professor later
C. once worked in a hospital
D. died before college graduation
37. At the end of the term the writer invited Rose to ________.
A. go to a party                                       B. play football
C. make a speech                                     D. write a book
38. The underlined word “talent” in the third paragraph means “________” in Chinese.
A. 训练                                               B. 方法 
C. 途径                                                 D. 才能 
39. If you want to stay young and be happy, ________, according to Rose.
A. never grow up
B. don’t be afraid of death
C. have a dream and never lose it
D. don’t find the opportunity in change
40. What is the best title of the passage?
A. Laughing every day
B. Never too old to learn
C. Growing old and growing up
D. How to stay young and being happy

第Ⅱ卷(非选择题  共45分) 

注意事项: 
1. 第 II卷共4页,用钢笔或圆珠笔直接答在试卷上。 
2. 答卷前将密封线内的项目填写清楚。

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三、任务型阅读(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分) 
阅读下面的短文,完成相关任务。
33-year-old spacewoman Wang Yaping made history — she is China’s first teacher in space.
Wang Yaping taught Chinese primary and middle school students on Earth physics problems in the zero-gravity environment (失重环境). She prepared for the lecture for a long time.
Wang, born in January 1980, is from east China’s Shandong Province. She was a pilot in the People’s Liberation Army Air Force (空军) with experience of 1,600 hours of flying.
The world’s first teacher in space was Christa McAuliffe, a 37-year-old middle school teacher from the United States, but the Space Shuttle Challenger (挑战者号) disintegrated (崩裂) after 73 seconds into flight on Jan.28, 1986. McAuliffe and other six members were killed.
“Wang’s lecture was a pleasant surprise, ” said Zhang Xiaoguang, an astronaut (宇航员) in the three members of Shenzhou-10 spacecraft. “________________________(她无论做什么都很优秀). Sometimes we’d like to give her a helping hand, but she just would not take the hand in help,” said Nie Haisheng.
Like many young Chinese people, Wang likes photography, music and basketball. She said, “We are all students in facing the universe (宇宙). We are looking forward to joining our young friends to learn and explore the mystical (神秘的) and beautiful universe.” 
(一)请根据短文内容,简要回答下列问题。 
41. Who did Wang Yaping give the lecture to on physics problems in space? 
____________________________________________________________________
42. What was Christa McAuliffe? 
_____________________________________________________________________
(二)请根据短文中所给汉语完成句子。 
43. She ______________  ______________ in whatever she does. 
(三)请把短文中划线的句子译成汉语。 
44. ______________________________________________________________________
(四)请给短文拟一个恰当的英文标题。 
45. ______________________________________________________________________


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四、综合填空(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

阅读下面短文,根据短文内容用方框内所给词汇或短语的适当形式填空,使短文语义完整。(温馨提示:请你一定要注意词语的形式变化!)


when    home   happy   be   so   his   spend   with    park    on

Last Monday, my husband and I    46    some time in the park next to our house. We often went to this    47    and we knew there were some homeless people. They sometimes stayed    48    the benches (长椅). We brought along some apples, oranges and a few bottles of water to share with them. I felt great happiness    49    I watched them eating our things. They said it was a big dinner for them and it was the luckiest day for them in their lives. 
Among them, there    50   a homeless boy Bruce. He was about eight years old and he lost   51    parents in a car accident,   52    he couldn’t go to school. When I asked him, “Do you like to school?” He said yes. We decided to take him    53    and let him go to school. The boy was happy to live    54    us. 
From that day on, little Bruce became our son and went to school    55   
请将答案写在下面的横线上: 
46. __________   47. __________   48. __________   49. __________  50. __________
51. __________   52. __________   53. __________   54. __________  55. __________

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五、情景交际(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)

阅读下面对话, 从方框中选择五个最适当的句子完成对话(其中有2个选项是多余的)。 
Yu Bing: Hi, Mark! Have you watched the TV news this morning? 
Mark:     No. (56) ________________? 
Yu Bing: Flight (航班) MH370 from Malaysia (马来西亚) to China disappeared last night. 
Mark:     (57) ________________ How many passengers are there?
Yu Bing: (58) ________________ Many countries are now searching for MH370, and yet we have no idea what happened to it. 
Mark:     (59) ________________
Yu Bing: We are looking forward to finding the missing flight earlier.
Mark:     (60) ________________

A. What’s going on? 
B. Don’t worry.
C. It’s hard to believe! 
D. I hope so.
E. I’m sorry to hear that.
F. There are 239 people on board.
G. It doesn’t matter.

请将选项的代号填入下面对应的横线上: 
56. ______     57. _______     58. _______     59. _______    60. _______ 



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六、书面表达(满分20分) 
 

假如你是王昆,你的美国网友Tom对中国的传统节日“春节”非常感兴趣,请你以“My Favorite Festival”为题,写一封E-mail.,给他做一介绍。 
1.要点包括:节日简介、节日准备、节日活动等; 
2.字数要求:100字左右。 
3.提示:the Spring Festival, traditional, get together, clean up, be dressed in…


Subject: My Favorite Festival                     From: Wang Kun

Dear Tom,

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Wang Kun



菏泽市二○一四年初中学业水平考试 
英语试题(A)参考答案及评分标准 
第I卷 (选择题 共55分) 
一 ~ 二、(满分55分) 
1—5     BCAAC    6—10   ABDDC   11—15  BACBD    16—20   ACDBA
21—25   BDCAD    26—30  BDACD   31—35  BADCB    36—40   ACDCB 
【评分说明】 
1.1—25小题,每小题1分,满分25分; 
2.26—40小题,每小题2分,满分30分; 
3.凡与本答案不符者不得分。 
第II卷(非选择题 共45分) 
三、任务型阅读(满分10分) 
41. (She gave a lecture to) Chinese primary and middle school students. 
42. (She was) a middle school teacher (from the United States). 
43. is excellent 或 does well 
44. 在宇宙面前我们都是学生。 
45. China’s first teacher in space.
【评分说明】 
1.本题每小题2分,回答问题用完整的句子或短语均可; 
2.以上仅提供了参考答案,凡答案符合题意,又无语法错误的都给分; 
3.答案有语法错误的,每个扣0.5分,每小题扣完2分为止。 
四、综合填空(满分10分) 
46. spent      47. park      48. on        49. when      50. was 
51. his        52. so        53. home      54. with      55. happily
【评分说明】 
1.本题每小题1分; 
2.所填单词与本答案相符,但有语法或拼写错误的,每个扣0.5分。 
五、情景交际(满分5分) 56—60  AEFCD
【评分说明】 
1.每小题1分; 
2.凡与本答案不符者不得分。 
六、书面表达(满分20分) 
参考范文: 
The Spring Festival is the most important traditional festival to the Chinese people. 
Several days before the new year, we begin to prepare for it. My parents buy meat, fish and vegetables. Houses are cleaned up.
On the eve of the new year, the whole family get together and have a big dinner. After the meal we watch “the Spring Evening” on TV until twelve o’clock. On the first day of the new year, each of us is dressed in new clothes. When meeting others outside, we say “Happy New Year” to each other. We pay new year calls to friends and relatives. That day my parents and relatives give “Red-bags” (money) to us children. All of us have a great time.
【评分说明】 
1、本题为半开放性试题,所提供范文仅供参考;在符合题目要求的前提下,允许考生自由发挥。 
2、本题共20分,评分可分为四个档次: 
第一档:符合本题写作要求,短文通顺完整,基本没有语法、拼写错误,书写工整,得17—20分; 
第二档:符合本题写作要求,短文基本通顺完整,有少量语法、拼写错误,书写较工整,得13—16分;
第三档:基本符合本题写作要求,但短文不够通顺完整,语法、拼写错误较多,书写不工整,得10—12分; 
第四档:通篇语句不通,表达不清,且书写非常潦草,得1--6分。















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