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楼德教研

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《楼德教研》,2010年获新泰市优秀教研博客一等奖,泰安市教育教学最佳博客奖。属于公益基础教育博客,经营宗旨是为广大中小学教师提供专业服务,为广大中小学生提供学习帮助和平台。《楼德教研》立足于为广大师生和学生家长服务,近年来所发布的试题不少已被选作部分地区的中考试题和期中期末考试试题,很多资料已被结集出版。由于时间限制,我们无法征得所选资料作者的同意,如果你不同意将将自己的文章刊登在此,请通知,我们将予以处理,谢谢!

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连云港市2014年初中学业考试英语试题及答案  

2014-09-16 15:26:48|  分类: 【中考英语】 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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连云港市2014年初中学业考试英语试题


一、单项选择(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15} 
从每題所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出展佳选项。

  1. Lee Min-ho is        actor from South Korea. He sang             Chinese pop song on the2014 CCTV New Year’s Gala.

A. the; an                  B. /; the                 C. an; a                   D. a; /

  1. —______ will the fog and haze last?

—I’ve no idea. There is no sign of an end. 
A. How soon         B. How far           C. How long        D. How often

  1. — This book on idioms is interesting. I’d  like        , where did you buy it, Simon?

—In the Amazon Bookstore, 
A. it                      B. this                   C. that                        D. one

  1. I could             control my feelings at the moment. The song brought back so many childhood memories.

A. really                       B. hardly        C. nearly                    D. clearly

  1. China is going to             a manned space station around 2020 to explore more space.

A, set up               B. put up        C. wake up                 D. turn up

  1. — A person’s life is like a road          lots of difficulties.

—Yes, so we need positive energy. 
A. by                           B. with                  C. along                     D. during

  1. A Bite of China 2 includes eight episodes. It         the stories of more than 150 people t and over 300 types of food.

A. finds                        B. proves        C. covers                    D. imagines

  1. Beijing and Zhangjiakou        applying to host the 2022 Winter Olympic Games in 2013.

A. begin                       B. began         C. have begun             D. had begun

  1. —        I know by what time you want the project to be done?

—By the day after tomorrow.       you finish it on time? 
A. May; Can                 B. Must; Need C. Could; Must            D. Need; Would

  1. Mr. Black used to be busy. But now he’s tired and       , so he has plenty of time to exer?cise.

A. hard                        B. calm                 C. free                        D. nervous

  1. — The six students from Lianyungang got the first prize in the Chinese Characters Dictation Com?petition in Jiangsu.

—        exciting news it is! 
A. What                       B. How                 C. What an                 D. How an

  1. — Nobody knows which learn will win the2014 World Cup in Brazil.

—Yes. That is the        of the beautiful game. 
A. question                   B. luck                  C. hope               D. magic

  1. — I missed the beginning of The Voice of China yesterday evening.

—       ! But you can watch the re-play tonight. 
A. Hurry up                  B. What a pity       C. Try your best   D. I don’ t think so

  1. — Jack, could you tell me            for travelling this summer?

—We plan to go and see the beautiful sea in Hainan. 
A. where your family will go                B. how will your family go 
C. how your family will go         D. where will your family go

  1. — I didn’ t expect to see you studying at the library so early in the morning.

       , huh? 
A. Every dog has its day                            B. Many hands make light work 
C. The early bird catches the worm      D. Too many cooks spoil the broth

二、完形填空(15小题;每小题1分,满分15) 
阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,从每題所给ABCD四个选项中,选出最佳选项。 
The sky was clear and the sun was shining brightly before the deadly disaster of the typhoon. Bernadette Tenegra, a 44-year-old high school teacher, was in her   16   which was on the bank of a river. The Tenegra family _ 17  together in their shelter to keep away from the storm. They thought that the powerful storm would die out soon as it did 18  .So they were just hanging on there. 
But things didn’t happen  19  they had thoughtthe water rose with a frightening speed and their  20  house fell down, sweeping away the occupants (居住者),including Tenegra’s husband and her other daughter. They were able to struggle to  21  , but the 6-year-old Tenegra was  22  against the strong wind and water, along with sharp deadly debris(残骸). Bernadette made her way to the child and was holding her and kept  23  her to keep on. 
“I crawled(爬) over to her, and I tried to pull her up. But she was too  24   and wasn’t able to make it. It seemed she had already  25  , ” Tenegra said,  crying. “I screamed but it didn’t work." 
The mother said  26  that she would never forget the last words of her daughter before 27 , “Ma, just let go, just let go. Save  28 . I love you forever. 
“Yolanda” , the super typhoon destroyed a great number of houses and buildings. The 6-year- old Tenegra  29  her life. She has just seen a small part of this wonderful world 30  that short lifetime, while the whole world witnessed all the beauty of her.

    • A. family                     B. school               C. building            D. home
    • A. marched            B. stayed               C- arranged           D. collected
    • A. in the past         B. in the day          C. in the end          D. in the future
    • A. while                B. before                     C. as                   D. since
    • A. wooden             B. golden                     C. hidden                     D. modem
    • A. strength            B. warmth             C. safety                D. difficulty
    • A. fighting            B. beating              C. touching            D. preventing
    • A. inviting             B. ordering            C. training             D. telling
    • A. sleepy               B. weak                 C. impatient           D. careless
    • A. given hack        B. given away        C. given up            D. given off
    • A. excitedly           B. sadly                 C. angrily                     D. confidently
    • A. arrival                     B. break                C. choice               D. death
    • A. myself                     B. yourself            C. himself             D. herself
    • A. lost                   B. saved                C. spent                 D. changed
    • A. above               B. below               C. during               D. beyond

    三、阅读理解(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30) 
    阅读下面短文从每题所给的ABCD四个选项中,选出最佳选项。 
    A 
    Katherine Com male is an 11-year-old girl from Pennsylvania. At the age of five she began raising money to buy nets for children in Africa to help stop the spread of malaria(疟疾).
    When she was five, Katherine learnt about malaria in Africa. She learnt that every 30 seconds a child died from this disease. She, also learnt that people wouldn’t get that disease if they had enough bed nets. “I was really sad to learn that a child died every half a minute because of malaria.” Says Katherine, “I wanted to send nets right away, so that’s what I did.” 
    Five-year-old Katherine made presentations at churches and schools. She told students and others how important bed nets were for Africans. After |people heard the presentations, many of them donated money. Katherine sent the money to NBN. NBN is an organization that sends bed nets to Africa. 
    Besides, every holiday Katherine makes something called “ net gift certificate” with the help of her friends and brothers. On each l0-dollar certificate there is a message. Itexplains that a bed net would be sent to Africa. When more certificate orders come, Katherine gets help from students in her school. 
    Katherine has helped to raise $200,000 for NBN. “It makes me proud to help African children. I won’t stop working until everyone in Africa has a bed net.” says Katherine.

    1. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?
    2. When Katherine was six, she began helping children in Africa.
    3. Katherine learnt that two children died from malaria one minute.
    4. Katherine did a lot and helped to raise $ 20,000 for NBN.
    5. Katherine’s parents helped her make “bed net gift certificate”.
    6. In Paragraph 4, “It” refers to “          ”.

    A. a 10-dollar note       B. a gift certificate        C. an organization        D. a message

    1. From the passage we know Katherine did the following EXCEPT     _______.
    2. raising a great deal of money for NBN
    3. giving presentations at churches and schools
    4. explaining the importance of nets for Africans
    5. ordering  people to learn to use the nets well
    6. It can be inferred from the passage that         .
    7. Katherine’s work is very helpful and meaningful
    8. the   spread of malaria in Africa will be more serious
    9. every child in Africa gets a net with Katherine’s help
    10. Katherine has received much money from NBN

    B
    May is National Bike Month. a month-long event trying to get couch potatoes outside, cars off the roads and subway trains empty. It encourages everyone to get back onto their bicycles to enjoy riding a bike an often as they can during the month (and hopefully longer). May in the beginning summer and warm weather, so why not start right away and enjoy sunshine!
    Ride Out to Protect the Environment 
    Bike month helps everyone make their efforts to improve the environment. If you’re hiking to school, you are helping bring down the air pollution. It is the most common form of pollution and by getting your family to stop driving and start riding a bike, you can do your part in improving the air quality. 
    Count Down Those Calories 
    Cycling isn’t just good for the environment; it’s good for you too. Riding a bicycle burns calories and helps keep you healthy. It not only improves your physical health, but also your mental state of mind. It can really help you be a happier person. 
    Share the Sunny Summer 
    So get into that shed, and take out your old hike. Paint the hike blue. Put on a nice coat. Load up a number of songs. Invite a group of friends to get on the bikes and ride this May! Be a fun-in- the-sun child! Enjoy yourself!

     
    1. The second paragraph mainly tells us that riding bicycles       .

    A. improves our physical health                  B. does good to the environment 
    C. changes our mental slates of mind           D. helps us enjoy the sunny spring

    1. You’re likely to read the article in the        section of a magazine.
    2. history            B. geography         C. sports         D. food
    3. The writer writes the article to       .

    A. advise people to lose more weight 
    B. ask people to repair and paint the old bikes

    1. prevent people from staying at home watching TV
    2. make  people realize the advantages of riding bicycles  

    C

    A “Gap Year” is a period of time when a student takes a break before going to university. It is often spent travelling or working. It can give young people useful learning experiences and new skills. 
    Gap years are popular with European and Australian students, but remain less popular in America. However, in recent years, more and more American students are preparing for college by taking a gap year. The advantages of taking a gap year are as follows: 
    Learn about the World and Yourself 
    Although you don’t have to go abroad to experience gap years, most gap year students catch the chance to travel abroad. You are able to work out who you are and what you are for. The experiences of different cultures offer you interesting lessons. You can learn more about the world and get to know yourself better. 
    Face Challenges and Have Fun
    A gap year is not only a time to take a vacation, but also a time to face challenges. Gap year students usually work, volunteer or take service projects. You have to learn how to get along in the real world. This process isn’ t always easy, but it is an important part of growing up. Only in this way can you enjoy life and have fun. 
    Save Money and Improve Your College Admission Chances 
    There’s a common thought that gap years are only for rich students, but it’ s not true. Actually, taking a gap year can save your money. Gap year students often take a part-time job. Besides, at the end of a gap year, students are much more likely to know what to study in college. Clear learning goals ran keep the students working hard instead of wasting time and money playing. 
    Imagine an admission officer trying to admit (录取) only one between two students. Both of them are excellent and have high grades. However, one student has much practical experience or has volunteered in his vacation. Who do you think the admission officer will choose?

    1. A “Gap Year” means          in the passage.
    2. going abroad in a year for further education
    3. travelling around the world in a year
    4. taking a break before going to a university
    5. doing a part-time job to make money during a vacation
    6. Besides having fun, gap year students have to face the            .

    A. money              B. information              C. vacations           D. challenges

    1. Having a gap year may make you        .

    A. become very rich                                  B. remain less popular 
    C. experience foreign cultures                     D. have no chance to break

    1. The last sentence implies(暗含) that        will probably be admitted by the admission officer.

    A. either of the two students                B. the student with high grades 
    C. neither of the two students                     D. the .student with a gap year experience 
    D
           A new study finds that plants communicate with one another to warn of danger. 
    We often consider plants as the furniture of the natural world. They don’t move; they don’t make sounds, they don’t seem to act on anything. But as is often the case, plants talk to each other all the time. And the language is chemical.
    Over the years, scientists have reported that different types of plants, from trees to tomatoes, give out chemicals into the air to help neighboring plants. These chemical warnings can spread information about one plant’s disease or infestation(虫害), so other plants can protect themselves. But how plants receive and act on many of the information exactly is still mysterious.
    In this week’s Science Magazine, researchers in Japan offered some explanations. They have found out one chemical message and traced it all the way from beginning to end.
    The scientists looked at tomato plants infested by a common pest(害虫). To start out, they grew plants in two separate plastic spaces connected by a tube(管子). One plant was infested and placed upwind and the other was uninfested and placed downwind. The downwind plants were later exposed(暴露) to the pest. The results showed that plants near sick neighbors before were able to protect themselves better against the pest.
    They found one chemical appeared more often in the exposed plants. The chemical is called HexVic. The scientists discovered where HexVic come from, and put it over healthy plants. Those plants were then able to produce HexVic. Researchers made sure that uninfested plants could fight off bugs and diseases. How do they know when to protect themselves? They are warned first by their friendly plant neighbors.
    It is not a simple story, and it may be happening in more plant species than tomatoes. It may also be happening with more chemical signals that are still unknown to us. In a word, we know that plants not only communicate, but also look out for one another.

    1. The underlined “traced” in the fourth paragraph probably means _________ here.
    2. reported                 B. followed                  C. doubted                    D. developed
    3. For scientists, which are the right steps to watch tomato plants infested by a pest?

    ①  Place the infested plant upwind.
    ②  Place the uninfested plant downwind.
    ③  Expose the downwind plants to the pest.
    ④  Grow plants in two separate plastic spaces connected by a tube.

    1. ③①②④               B. ①④③②                 C. ④①②③                 D. ④②①③
    2. You can put the sentence “The researches also studied leaves from exposed plants and unexposed plants.” At the beginning of
    3. Paragraph 3            B. Paragraph 4              C. Paragraph 5              D. Paragraph 6
    4. Which of the following can be the best title of this passage?
    5. Communicating Plants and Terrible Diseases
    6. Talking Plants and Friendly Warnings
    7. Protecting Plants and Clear Information
    8. Growing Plants and Mysterious Chemicals

    四、词汇运用10小题每小题1满分10 
    A.根据句意和汉语提示在空白处填入一个适当的单词。

    1. It’s lime lo have a rest. Let’s go out for a           (呼吸) of fresh air.
    2.              (幸运地)for the villager, the fireman put out the big fire in time.
    3. Thomas Bach of Germany was          (选择,选为) to be the ninth IOC president last year.
    4.               (无论在哪里)someone falls ill, Doctor Mei often rides for hours to see the patient in the mountainous area.
    5. The guide is so                     (精力充沛的) and outgoing that he can always help tourists have a good time on the trip.
    6. B.根据短文意思和所给首字母,写出一个完整正确的单词。 
      Every minute of the day someone somewhere needs blood, maybe a (51) s        baby, or 
      someone’s mum or dad, so it is not just for emergencies and (52) a         They need blood to help them beat diseases like cancer, or do a planned operation. And that’s (53) w     we need people to give blood, 3 times a year if you can. If you are in good health, (54) b         the ages of 17 and 59 and weigh at least 50kg, you can start (55) g            blood now. And when you act, you’11 see how easy it is lo save someone’s life.

      五、选词填空(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

      child ; celebrate ; reduce ; show interest in ; win an award ; chat with ; for free ; go running ; be proud of ; take photos

       从方框中选择恰当的词或短语并用其正确的形式填空(每个词或短语只能用一次 
      1. — Your uncle looks strong.

      —Yes. He likes sports. He             every day.

      1. At the 2014 Oscar ceremony, the film Twelve Years a Slave            for best picture.
      2. — Paul, where is Sam?

      —He is in the garden. He             grandma.

      1. There will be four hours’ performances            in the theatre each day next month.
      2. When the new railway is completed in 2017,the time of the journey from Lianyungang to  Shanghai         by half.
      3. The solider is a hero who saved two                lives in the earthquake.
      4.             the World Book Day, the book shop sold books at a discount on April 23nJ.
      5. In recent years, WeChat has become a kind of fashion and a growing number of young people                it.
      6. — China lifted the Uber Cup for the 13th time after beating Japan.
      7. Great! The players arc so excellent that all of us                them.
      8. — Did you see the man in a red cap pass by just now?

      — No, madam. We         of each other.

      六、完成句子(共5小题;每小2分,满分10分) 
      根据所给汉语和句子意思,用英语补全句子。

      1. — Time for dinner. Mum and Dad.

      —There’re only                (两双筷子) on the table. We need one more.

      1. Millie said she                       (等不及看) her computer. It’s a present from her parents.
      2. My watch                      (比你的新). I bought it last week.
      3. — We’ll have a trip early tomorrow morning, won’t we?

      —Yes, you’d belter                     (不要熬夜) tonight.

      1. It                (对我们是有帮助的) to choose public transport to change traffic jams.

      七、任务阅读 (5小题;每小题1分,满分5
      请阅读下面短文,在短文后表格中的空白处填上适当的单词(注意:每空1个单词} 
      Don’ t Rest on Your Laurels 
      Have you ever heard the saying “Don’t rest on your laurels”?“ Laurels” means the achievements you have already got. The saying suggests that you shouldn’t be so satisfied with your achievements that you’ll no longer try to improve. 
      As to this saying, Mike Perham has set us a good example. Born in 1992 in Hertfordshire, England, Mike was just 14 when he became the youngest person to sail across the Atlantic Ocean. You might think the achievements are good enough, but Mike doesn’t think so. At the age of 17,he became the youngest person to sail all by himself around the world on a nine-month voyage(航海). 
      Mike is now 19, and he is still trying his best to break the records and push himself further. For his next adventure, he plans to fly around the world on his own, making him the first person of all ages to both sail and fly around the world. 
      Mike wants his achievements to encourage young people to realize their dreams. Since his adventures, he has travelled widely, speaking at schools and youth clubs in the UK, Hong Kong and Australia on the theme of “Live the Dream”. 
      Amazing Facts: 
      Mike started sailing when he was seven. 
      His trans-Atlantic crossing began at Gibraltar and ended in Antigua. 
      His round-the-world yacht(游艇) was called TotallyMoney.com. 
      TitleDont Rest on Your Laurels


      Passage outline

      Supporting details

      The explanation of the saying

      “Don’t rest on your laurels" means that you shouldn’t stop (71)                only because of your achievements.

      Amazing facts

      ? At the age of 7, Mike started sailing. 
      ? At the age of 14,sailing across the Atlantic Ocean made 
      Mike become the (72)          one who set a record. 
      ? At the age of 17, Mike had a nine-month voyage of sailing (73)                  around the world.

      Present situation    

      Mike is 19 now. He is trying his best to break the records. His (74)           to fly round the world by himself will make him the first person to both sail and fly.

      The (75)          of Mike’s achievements

      Mike’s speeches give young people courage to realize their dreams.

      八、书面表达(满分25分)

      76. 某英语报开展“How to Deal with the Exam Stress”征文比赛,请你根据图片和表格中提示的内容,简要描述并适当发表自己的观点,写一篇英语短文。


      适当的压力
      1. 积极思考,认真学习
      2. 及时复习,防止遗忘

      过重的压力 
       

      1. 无法入睡,非常疲倦
      2. 害怕考试,导致失败

      应对的措施

      1. 合理计划,准备充分
      2. …… (至少2条)












      注意:(1)词数90左右,短文首句已给出,不计入总词数 
      (2)文中不得提及考生所在学校及自己的姓名

      How to Deal with the Exam Stress 
      Everyone may have the exam stress. A little bit of stress can be a good thing to us.                         
                                                                                    
                                                                                    
                                                                                    
                                                                                    
                                                                                    
                                                                                    
                                                                                    
                                                                                    
                                                                                   




      连云港市2014年初中学业考试英语试题参考答案


      1. 单选

      CCDBA  BCBAC  ADBAC

      1. 完形填空

      DBACA  CADBC  BDBAC

      1. 阅读理解

      BDDAB  CDCDC  DBCDB

      1. 词汇运用

      breath    Luckily    chosen    Wherever   energetic
      sick     accidents   why      between    giving

      1. 选词填空

      goes running       won an award       in chatting with      for free
      will be reduced     children’s          To celebrate         have shown interest in
      are fond of         were taking photos

      1. 完成句子

      two pairs of chopsticks           couldn’t wait to see/ look at/ have a look at
      is newer than yours/ your watch    not stay up (late)
      is helpful for us

      1. 任务型阅读

      improving/ working/ moving/ studying/ developing
      youngest
      alone
      plan/ dream/ hope/ wish

      1. 书面表达

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