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《楼德教研》,2010年获新泰市优秀教研博客一等奖,泰安市教育教学最佳博客奖。属于公益基础教育博客,经营宗旨是为广大中小学教师提供专业服务,为广大中小学生提供学习帮助和平台。《楼德教研》立足于为广大师生和学生家长服务,近年来所发布的试题不少已被选作部分地区的中考试题和期中期末考试试题,很多资料已被结集出版。由于时间限制,我们无法征得所选资料作者的同意,如果你不同意将将自己的文章刊登在此,请通知,我们将予以处理,谢谢!

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丽水市2014年初中学业水平考试英语试题及答案  

2014-09-16 07:10:38|  分类: 【中考英语】 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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丽水市2014年初中学业水平考试英语试题及答案 


 

第二部分  笔试部分 
二、单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分) 
从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
16. Mrs. Smith has ______ 8-year-old daughter who has won two national painting prizes.
A. a          B. an        C. the        D. 不填
17. ______ all his pocket money, Dan bought a present for his mother on Mother’s Day.
A. With         B. For        C. By        D. In
18. —Susan, can you help clean the window?
—Why ______? Alice is sitting there doing nothing.
A. him         B. her        C. you        D. me
19. —Betty, pass me the ______. I will cut the cake.
—OK, Mom. Here you are.
A. sugar          B. scarf       C. knife        D. note
20. Good friends are like stars. You don’t always see them, ______ you know they are there.
A. as          B. but       C. for       D. then
21. Steve isn’t as ______ as Kelly. He often makes mistakes in his writing.
A. careless          B. tidy       C. careful       D. difficult
22. —______ do you like the film, American Captain 3?
—It’s wonderful! I like it very much.
A. How         B. Who       C. What        D. When
23. Here is my phone number. You ______ call me anytime you like.
A. must         B. can        C. should        D. need
24. It’s a bad habit to ______ what you can do today until tomorrow.
A. write down         B. talk about        C. worry about       D. put off
25. The skirt ______ soft as if it is made of silk.
A. sounds         B. tastes         C. feels         D. smells
26. Hurry up! The sky is covered with black clouds. I’m afraid it ______.
A. rains           B. is going to rain       C. rained         D. was raining
27. —Do you often watch Man and Nature on TV?
—Sometimes. It’s an interesting program, but I ______ Sports News.
A. prefer          B. want         C. know         D. review
28. —Does Mary only have an apple for breakfast?
—Yes. She eats like a bird ______.
A. to wake up           B. to be strong       C. to lose weight        D. to fall asleep
29. ______ Frank left school at 16, he still became a successful writer.
A. Ever since          B. In fact        C. After all       D. Even though
30. —I’m terribly sorry that I’ve kept you waiting for so long.
—______.
A. Never mind          B. It’s a pity       C. You’re welcome        D. That’s right

三、完形填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳选项。
It began a year ago, around Christmas. Every time I drove down our street, I __31__ an old man sitting in his front yard. He was usually smoking or drinking, and looking rather unhappy.
One day, while I was driving past him with my __32__, I decided to wave at him with a lot of excitement. __33__, when he noticed me waving at him, he looked a bit shocked. Then, I saw his hand go up and he waved back.
“__34__ did you wave at him?” my daughter asked.
I told her it’s just an act of kindness that doesn’t __35__ anything. It gives both him and me a feeling of joy. My daughter replied that she felt a bit uncomfortable to wave to a __36__, but next time she would try it as well.
We liked close to the old man, __37__ we saw him rather often. Whenever we drove by, both of us would start waving at him and, pretty soon, the old man started __38__ at everyone who passed by his house.
One time, my daughter’s friend came to visit and she told my daughter that she saw this strange old man near our home wave at her very __39__. She mentioned that she waved back, although she didn’t know __40__, and it felt really good.
As soon as my daughter heard this, she told her friend the __41__ of how all the waving began. Her friend answered: “Tell your mom that’s really cool!”
Other friends gave similar __42__. This taught my daughter that an act of kindness can be natural and __43__, if you really want to do it. It showed us how giving happiness can do good to __44__ the giver and the receiver.
Moved by the old man’s actions, we’re planning to give our waving neighbor a thank-you card to express our __45__ for his exciting waves. We are really thankful for him sharing his simple joy with all who pass by his house.
31. A. noticed         B. felt         C. heard         D. kept
32. A. husband        B. son         C. daughter       D. friend
33. A. Just now        B. On time     C. In the end      D. At the beginning
34. A. Why            B. How        C. When         D. Where
35. A. buy            B. cost         C. hide          D. guess
36. A. friend          B. driver        C. classmate      D. stranger
37. A. or             B. but          C. so             D. yet
38. A. shouting        B. waving        C. laughing        D. looking
39. A. angrily          B. excitedly      C. loudly          D. carefully
40. A. him            B. me            C. her           D. us
41. A. lesson          B. accident        C. news         D. story
42. A. gifts            B. notes          C. opinions        D. books
43. A. easy            B. funny          C. usual          D. special
44. A. past            B. between        C. all            D. both
45. A. attention        B. thanks          C. suggestions    D. interests
四、阅读理解(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下面四篇短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳选项。
A
  A 2-year-od boy is being described as a hero after using Face Time to save his mother after she was badly hurt.
According to a report from KGUN, Laura was trying to stop a fight between two dogs when one of the dogs bit(咬) part of her middle finger almost completely off.
Laura tried to call 911 herself, but she said her hands were too badly hurt to make the call. “ I asked my daughters to call 911, and they’re four, and they were quite afraid to even touch the phone, because it was covered in my blood(血),” Laura told KGUN.
The mother continued to lose a lot of blood and thought she would go into a deep sleep—until her 2-year-old son Bentley came up with a dishcloth from the kitchen. After cleaning some of the bold off his mother’s iPhone, Bentley continued to use Face Time to call Laura’s friend Connie.
“All I could see was his little forehead. I said ‘Hi Bentley’ and it was quiet for a little bit. Then I heard Laura shouting,” Connie told KGUN.
Connie then called 911, and Bentley unlocked the door to let firefighters into the house.
Laura told KGUN she is very thankful for her little hero and has since taught all of her children how to call 911. 
46. Laura was badly hurt when she was _______.
A. opening the door       B. cooking in the kitchen 
C. making a phone call     D. trying to stop a dog fight
47. Through Face Time _______ learned about the accident and called 911 at last.
A. Laura’s son            B. Laura’s daughter
C. Laura’s friend          D. Laura’s husband
48. The passage is probably taken from _______.
A. a newspaper          B. a poster
C. a science magazine     D. a guidebook
B
Many people have a fear(害怕) of public speaking. According to a study, it has an influence on 3 in every 4 people. This fact is surprising and worrying, as most jobs require some speaking ability. The following will help you to make a speech better.
Write note cards. Write main ideas on your cards. Don’t write details. Put in some fun facts, questions, and other activities on the cards to share with the class. Don’t look at your note cards for a long time while speaking. If necessary, you’re only going to want to have a quick look at the card for information, not read every last word.
Smile at your class. When it comes time to speak, there’s nothing that draws your class into your speech than a good old-fashioned smile. Be happy, because you’re about to teach your class something they didn’t know before. Studies have shown that smiles are infections. That means once you smile, it’s hard for everyone else not to smile. So if you want your speech to go off well, smile. That’ll make everyone smile and maybe those smiles will make you actually smile.
Make eye contact. Nothing is more boring than listening to a speaker who looks at the floor or at note cards. Relax. Your class is made up of your friends and you talk to them all the time. Talk the same way now. have a look at every person in the classroom at least once. That way, everyone will feel like you’re communicating with them. Also, you’ll look like you know what you’re talking about.
Use hand motions. Move your hands along as you talk, using them to express your key points and keep the class interested. It will also lead your nervous energy into a better place. 
49. According to the passage, ______ of people might fear to speak in public.
A. 100 percent        B. 75 percent       C. 50 percent       D. 25 percent
50. In Paragraph 3 of the passage “smiles are infection” means ______.
A. smiles can be passed on           B. it’s hard to smile
C. smiles keep people fit             D. people should smile every day
51. Which picture matches the last paragraph best?

52. The passage mainly talks about ______.
A. a boy’s speech in class           B. how to write note cards
C. the fear of public speaking        D. how to make a speech better
C
Canada is famous for its winter lifestyle, for the season lasts half the year there. A great example of this is the Quebec Winter Carnival(嘉年华). Quebec is an old city with beautiful historic building, and many agree that winter is the best time to visit. The city comes alive in the snow, especially during the winter festival. People who visit the cold city can find tons of things to do that will make winter seem perfect.
The Carnival has a magical ice palace made with 9,000 tons of snow, a boat race on the St. Lawrence River, and two night parades(游行) with funny people and colorful cars. Other interesting things include a 122-meter ice slide, and a large football game. There is also an exciting dogsled race that runs through six kilometers of the city’s streets. With more than 20 teams in the game, the dogsled race is noisy, fun and full of great cheer. Even better, artists from around the world come to enter the snow sculpture(雕塑) competition. It is amazing how these artists can bring snow to life. The Quebec Winter Carnival has everything for the whole family and more. It is surely a great way to experience winter at its fullest. 
Another famous winter festival is on the other side of the world in China. Known as the City of Ice, Harbin is the capital city of Heilongjiang Province, which is next to Siberia. In the winter, it is very cold, and temperatures there can drop to 30℃ below zero. Even so, the cold weather makes the city the right place for the Harbin International Ice and Snow Festival. The festival is held every year.
53. According to the passage, many people think ______ is the best time to visit Quebec.
A. spring         B. summer        C. autumn         D. winter
54. The Quebec Winter Carnival includes ______.
①a dogsled race      ②a winter swimming    ③two night parades
④a snow fight        ⑤a boat race
A. ①②③         B. ②③④        C. ①③⑤         D. ③④⑤
55. Which of the following is TRUE about Harbin?
A. It is known as the City of Ice.
B. It’s famous for its four seasons.
C. It is in Northern China, next to Quebec.
D. It holds an exciting festival every month.
56. The writer will probably write about ______ in the next part of the article.
A. the Quebec Winter Carnival
B. the introduction of Heilongjiang Province
C. the snow sculpture competition in Quebec
D. the Harbin International Ice and Snow Festival

D
E-waste is fast becoming a serious problem around the world. This report will examine this problem and provide some possible ways to solve it.
We live in a society that is producing and using electronics(电子产品) all the time. It is often cheaper to buy new products than to repair old ones. Also, through clever advertising, companies always encourage people to change their old TVs, mobile phones and computers for the latest models. E-waste is created when we throw away old ones. In the EU alone, about 8,700,000 tons of e-waste is produced each year. Sadly, just over 1,000,000 tons is recycled.
Burying(填埋) e-waste or burning it cause serious problems for the environment. Electronics have dangerous things in them. These things can then get into the ground or pollute the air when they are burnt.
In recent years, ____. However, their plans are not always managed properly. Sometimes electronics are just sent to poor countries such as Ghana. Here they are often burnt in public areas, which is very bad for people’s health. Setting up recycling centers is a good way to solve this problem. E-cycling centers could recycle the parts that can be reused and deal with the rest properly.
Another way is to make producers responsible(负责任) for their used products. This means that producers must take back old products which are no longer wanted. They should then make sure they are properly recycled or reused.
As for us, we should try to cut down on e-waste. Change electronics only when we have to. And don’t buy a product just to have the latest model.
E-waste is a serious problem in the modern world. Both producers and users must take actions and try to keep it to the smallest amount.
57. According to the passage, it is often _______ to buy new electronics than to repair old ones.
A. more expensive         B. more difficult
C. cheaper                D. worse
58. In the passage the underlined word “they” refers to ______.
A. the old products         B. the producers
C. the users               D. the new products
59. Which of the following is the best for the blank in Paragraph 4?
A. the e-waste problem has been solved
B. the e-waste problem continues growing
C. many countries have started recycling e-waste
D. people haven’t realized the e-waste problem yet
60. Which sentence shows the writer’s opinion?
A. Burning e-waste causes problems for the environment.
B. E-waste problem is very serious and people should take actions.
C. Sometimes electronics are sent to poor countries such as Ghana.
D. In the EU alone, about 8,700,000 tons of e-waste is produced each year.
卷 II
说明:本卷共有三大题,21小题,满分40分。
五、词汇运用(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)
A. 用方框中所给单词的适当形式填空。每空限用一次,每空限填一词。


improve   own    please   relax   weak

61. Who is the _______ of the new sports car?
62. Just sit down and try to _______ for a while, Grace.
63. Linda’s health has _______ greatly since she started on this new diet.
64. Li Ming is _______ in English, so he needs to spend more time on it.
65. My parents told me Ms. Smith was really _______ with my work last term.
B. 根据短文内容和所给中文提示,在空白处写出单词的正确形式。每空限填一词。
Everybody knows the famous building—the Eiffel Tower, which was ___66___(建成) in Paris, France, in 1889. The tower is 324 meters high, and it was the ___67___(最高的) building in the world until 1930, when the Chrysler Building in New York ___68___(出现).
Today the Eiffel is visited by more ___69___(游客) than any other historic building in the world, but it wasn’t always so popular. When it was ___70___(最初) finished, many people thought it was ugly. One famous writer used to have ___71___(中饭) in the Eiffel Tower every day because it was the only place in Paris where he could not see the tower!
Many of the six ___72___(百万) people who visit the Eiffel Tower every year take one of the five lifts to the top, but some ___73___(选择) to climb up the 1,665 steps. The tower has two restaurants where people can enjoy ___74___(美味的) food. And people can watch the fantastic view of the city while they are ___75___(吃). The tower also has a shop where people can buy gifts for friends and families.
六、任务型阅读(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)
阅读以下内容,完成第76—80小题。
May Day is the day when we celebrate the end of winter and the arrival of spring. It’s a time of new life, with new leaves on the trees and wildflowers growing in the woods and fields. On that day, children in Britain and other parts of Europe often make May baskets and hang them on a neighbor’s door as a gift of love and friendship.
Here are the steps of making this kind of basket.
Step 1  Food paper into a cone(圆锥形) and stick it to keep the shape.
Step 2  Cut top of the cone with scissors.
Step 3  Make two holes on opposite sides of the cone. Leave 5cm form the top.
Step 4  Pass ribbon(彩带) through holes and tie it to create a basket handle.
Step 5  Fill your basket with different kinds of flowers.
根据以上制作步骤重新排列A、B、C、D四副图片的顺序,并将其编号填入76—79小题中。

80. Why do children in Europe make May baskets? Because they want to ____.

七、书面表达(共1小题;满分20分)
81. 暑期即将来临,对于如何安排孩子初中毕业后的第一个假期,家长们和孩子自己有着各自的想法。请根据下表提示,写一篇英语短文,描述他们的不同看法,同时发表你自己对暑期安排的观点。


Parents’ opinions

get ready for high school
do some housework

Kids’ opinion

have a good rest
do some sightseeing

Your opinion

注意:1. 表格中的观点仅供参考,允许适当发挥;
2. 开头已经给出,不计入总词数;
3. 文中部的出现真实姓名和校名等信息;
4. 词数:80-100。
How will you spend the coming summer vacation? Parents and kids have their own opinions.
_______________________________________________________________________________ 
_______________________________________________________________________________ 
_______________________________________________________________________________ 
_______________________________________________________________________________ 
_______________________________________________________________________________ 
_______________________________________________________________________________ 
_______________________________________________________________________________ 
_______________________________________________________________________________ 
_______________________________________________________________________________ 
_______________________________________________________________________________


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