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楼德教研

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《楼德教研》,2010年获新泰市优秀教研博客一等奖,泰安市教育教学最佳博客奖。属于公益基础教育博客,经营宗旨是为广大中小学教师提供专业服务,为广大中小学生提供学习帮助和平台。《楼德教研》立足于为广大师生和学生家长服务,近年来所发布的试题不少已被选作部分地区的中考试题和期中期末考试试题,很多资料已被结集出版。由于时间限制,我们无法征得所选资料作者的同意,如果你不同意将将自己的文章刊登在此,请通知,我们将予以处理,谢谢!

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扬州市2014年初中毕业、升学统一考试英语试题及答案  

2014-09-17 11:57:28|  分类: 【中考英语】 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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扬州市2014年初中毕业、升学统一考试英语试题  

一、单项选择(共15小题;每小题1分,计15分)
1. - Have you seen ________ film Where are We Going, Dad?
-  Yes, it's ________ interesting film!
A. a; the                           B. the; an                             C. a; an                        D. the; the
2. - Which of the two T-shirts would you like?
- ________. I don't like their styles.
A. Either                          B. Both                                C. None                       D. Neither
3. - What do you think of your school, Linda?
- It's a good place for us to ________ ourselves for the future.
A. promise                       B. prove                              C. prepare                    D. present
4. - The air pollution is terrible.
- It will be worse ________ we take action to protect the environment.
A. if                                B. unless                           C. until                         D. when
5. - Do you know the latest information about Flight MH370?
- I've no idea. Let's ________ the TV to watch the news programme.
A. turn on                        B. turn down                       C. turn up                     D. turn off
6. - It's said that Mo Yan's speech was wonderful.
- That's true. We clapped our hands ________ many times during his speech yesterday.
A. excited                        B. excitedly                          C. exciting                    D. excitingly
7. - Excuse me, may I keep the book a little longer?
Sorry. You ________ return it today.
A. must                           B. mustn't                            C. can                          D. can't
8. - What a good ________ you've given me! Thanks a lot.
- My pleasure.
A. information                B. news                               C. suggestion                D. advice
9. - This problem is far ________ me, I’m afraid I can't work it out.
- Don't worry, we will help you.
A. beyond                        B. beside                             C. behind                      D. between
10. - Has your friend completed his design?
- Not yet. He ________ on it last night.
A. worked                        B. has worked                     C. is working                D. was working
11. - Could you tell me ________?
- In August, 2014.
A. where will the Youth Olympic Games take place
B. when will the Youth Olympic Games take place
C. where the Youth Olympic Games will take place
D. when the Youth Olympic Games will take place
12. - Where is Mr. Wang?
- He together with his students ________ Zhuyuwan Park.
A. has gone to                 B. have gone to                   C. has been to                     D. have been to
13. - Some children can't afford ________ necessary stationary.
- Let's donate our pocket money to them.
A. buy                             B. buying                             C. to buy                      D. be bought
14. - When will A Bite of China II begin tonight?
- It ________ for ten minutes.
A. will begin                    B. has begun                        C. will be on                D. has been on
15. - My friend has achieved his goal after years of hard work.
- Great! ________.
A. One tree can't make a forest                                    B. Where there is a will, there is a way
C. Many hands make light work                                          D. A friend in need is a friend indeed
二、完形填空(共15小题;每小题1分,计15分)
A first-grade student whose best friend is battling cancer thought that hours of playing and telling jokes was not enough - he wanted to show his buddy just how he understood the  16   time he was going through.
Seven-year-old Vincent Butterfield   17   the only way was to cut off his hair in support of his best friend Zac who lost his hair through chemotherapy(化疗).
Zac Gossage is receiving treatment but   18   goes to union   Central Elementary School in Missouri every day,   19   that's where he gets to play on the swing with Vincent. Vincent found out that Zac might   20   his hair because of the chemotherapy treatment. So one day, he showed up in the first grade class wearing a   21  . He said to his teacher Mrs. Koester, "I have a surprise for Zac." And he pulled off his cap and other   22   saw that he already had all his hair   23   off.
"I did it just to make Zac feel he's not the only one without any   24  ." said Vincent.
Vincent has also been raising money for his best friend after learning how   25   his chemotherapy treatments are. He asked his mother to make   26   than 20 scarves and gloves. He and his mother   27   them at the price of 10 dollars each, raising over $200 for Zac. The encouragement from Vincent seems to be working. Though Zac is receiving treatments, he has   28   missed any days of school. He knows that Vincent is out on the playground, waiting for him at break.
When asked   29   friendship was, Vincent looked at his friend Zac, thought for a(an)  30   and 
responded,"It's a beautiful thing."
Clearly, wisdom doesn't always come with age.
16. A. hard                   B. exciting                    C. unpleasant                D. pleasant
17. A. decided               B. refused                     C. agreed                      D. disliked
18. A. ever                    B. never                       C. just                          D. still
19. A. though                B. but                           C. because                    D. so
20. A. raise                   B. add                          C. lose                         D. fall
21. A. mask                  B. scarf                        C. glove                       D. cap
22. A. teachers                     B. kids                         C. parents                     D. patients
23. A. pulled                 B. sent                         C. cut                          D. put
24. A. friends                B. money                      C. clothes                            D. hair
25. A. expensive            B. successful                C. important                 D. meaningful
26. A. fewer                 B. more                        C. worse                      D. better
27. A. made                  B. donated                    C. sold                         D. collected
28. A. already                B. always                            C. nearly                      D. hardly
29. A. how                   B. what                        C. where                      D. which
30. A. moment                     B. hour                         C. morning                   D. day

三、阅读理解(共15小题;每小题2分,计30分)
A
Six months ago. Jack came to China to study. He has heard that Yangzhou is famous for its gardens. And he plans to visit some gardens in July, so he has collected information about them online as follows:


The Slender West Lake. named National AAAAA Tourist Area in 2010, includes the Great Rainbow Bridge, the White Pagoda, Five-pavilion Bridge, the Twenty-four Bridge, the Small Golden Hill and so on. The best time to tour the Slender West Lake is in March. During the visit to the park, the boat travels on the water and visitors travel in the picture.
Ticket: Mar. - May. ? 150; Other months ? 90 
Time: 8:30 - 17:00 
Bus: No. 4, 5, 6, 17, 61 buses
Tel: 0514-87357803; 0514-87370091 
Website: http://www.shouxihu.com

Ge Garden, one of the four lop famous Chinese gardens, got its name from bamboo. The bamboo in the garden forms the green scenery. The centre of the garden is well known for man-like hills. Four seasons can be experienced here at a time.
Ticket: Mar. - May. ? 10; Other months ? 30 
Time: Mar. - May. 7:15 - 18:00; Other months 7:15 - 17:30 
Bus: No. 8, 30, 61 buses 
Tel: 0514-87935285       
Website: http://www.gy-garden.net

He garden, the most famous garden in the late Qing Dynasty, is known for its long double-way corridor(走廊), which is regarded as the earliest footbridge.
Ticket: Mar. - May. ? 40; Other months ? 30 
Time: 7:30 - 17:15 
Bu: No. 19, 61 buses
Te: 0514-87900345; 0514-87222353 
Website: http://www.he-garden.net

31. How much will a ticket cost Jack if he visits the Slender West lake?
A. 30 yuan.                      B. 40 yuan.                   C. 90 yuan.                   D. 150 yuan.
32. What's He Garden famous for?
A. The long corridor.         B. The green bamboo.    C. The man-made hills.  D. The boat travelling.
33. Which of the following can Jack do?
A. He can take a NO. 19 bus to Ge Garden.
B. He can visit the Slender West Lake at 8:00.
C. He can call 0514-87935285 for further information of He Garden.
D. He can go to www.he-garden.net to know more about He Garden.
B
World War II lasted from 1939 to 1945. Life changed for everybody, including women and children because of the war. Millions of people lost their lives during the war. The Diary of a Young Girl was a record of that time. The book was written by a girl named Anne Frank.
Anne Frank was born in Germany in June 1929. Because the German Nazi(纳粹分子) hated the Jews(犹太人) and warned to kill them, her family had to move to another country. In July 1942, they went into hiding in a secret place in her father's office. During that difficult time, Anne kept writing diaries until she and her family were discovered by the Nazis in August 1944. They were caught and sent to a Nazi camp. The next year, her mother died. In the same year, she and her elder sister died of illness, before the war ended.
After the war, her father collected her diaries and the book The Diary of a Young Girlcame out in 1947. It has been put into over 30 languages since then. The book has been read by people all over the world. In her diary, Anne wrote down her thoughts, her feelings, her hopes and her dreams for the future, "I want the diary to be my friend, and I'm going to call this friend Kitty." "I can't spend all day complaining because it's impossible to have any fun! ... Every day, I feel the beauty of nature and the goodness of the people around me. With all that, why should 1 be sad?"
The Diary of a Young Girl has also become a symbol of the greatness of the human spirit. It is called one of the wisest and most moving records on war.
34. In which year did Anne die of illness?
A. In 1939.                      B. In 1942.                          C. In 1944.                   D. In 1945.
35. According to the passage, "Kitty" is ________.
A. her diary                      B. her elder sister               C. her mother               D. her hiding place
36. Which of the following is true?
A. Anne was lazy, sad and complained all day.                
B. The book is mainly about Anne's school life.
C. Anne loved life though she was in difficult time.        
D. The book has been put into nearly 30 languages.
37. From the passage, we can infer(推断) ________.
A. Anne was born in Germany                                    B. Anne was a Jew
C. Anne's father collected the diaries                            D. Anne was a Nazi
C
Andi Davise, 49, regularly crossed the trail through the Phoenix Mountains Preserve with a few other hikers before sunrise. This morning, however, she met nobody and heard only the sounds of animals.
Some time later, Andi got to the steep slope(陆坡), she climbed up to the top by using her hands. When she finally reached the top, she noticed a dark shape several inches from her left foot. She was frightened and then looked carefully. "It's a dog and it's dead." she said to herself. It took her a few seconds to realize that the dog's eyes were open. A thin, dirty bull dog was looking at her.
She greeted in a low and soft voice to show she was friendly. The bull dog shook when he heard her voice.
Andi inched closer and dropped some water into the dog's mouth. He tried to stand up but failed. Something was wrong with his left front leg. Andi pulled out her phone to contact her husband, Jason, but he didn't respond. She knew that if she didn't carry the dog down the mountain, he would die.
She carefully put her arms under the dog's body. He was so weak that he fell into her chest.
Andi had great trouble going down the steep, rocky mountainside with the 50-pound animal in her arms. Even her arms and back started aching, she didn't give up. The trip up had taken 30 minutes while going back down took twice that.
Andi's husband received her messages at last. He and their son, Justin, jumped into the car and drove to pick up Andi.
Later that morning, an X-ray showed that the bull dog was badly hurt, he was likely to lose his left leg.
A few days later, the Davises returned to the animal hospital. "The first thing he did was to give me a kiss, then he went right to my son." Andi said. They named the dog Elijah and brought him home that day.
38. How did Andi get to the top of the mountain?
A. Her husband sent her.                                              B. Another hiker helped her.
C. She climbed by herself.                                           D. She reached there by car.
39. What does the underlined word "respond', in Paragraph 4 mean?
A. Pull.                            B. Contact.                          C. Speak.                            D. Answer.
40. Which of the following is the correct order?
a. Audi found a dying dog on the top.
b. Andi climbed up the sleep slope.
c. The Davises brought the dog home.
d. Andi had much trouble carrying the dog down.
e. The Davises drove the bull dog to the hospital.
A. badce                          B. badec                              C. abdce                       D. adbec
41. The best title should be "________".
A. A woman hiker saved the life of a 50-pound bull dog 
B. A woman hiker carried a bull dog down the mountain
C. A woman hiker got on well with a 50-pound bull dog
D. A woman hiker found a 50-pound dog on the mountain
D
A 15-year-old student who invented a flashlight(手电筒) getting power from the holder's body heat is going home today from California with a big prize and a chance to do further research.
Ann Makosinski was the only Canadian among the four winners at Google's international science competition. Thousands of young scientists from around the world took part in the competition.
Winning the science and technology competition was "a surprise". Ann said, "I think it will have a great influence on my future."
Ann thanked her family for encouraging her interest in science and said that her first toy was a box of transistors(晶体管).
Ann's prize includes $ 25,000 and a "once in a-lifetime expericnce" from Google for her Hollow Flashlight, which has no moving parts or batteries.
The idea for the invention came from seeing unwanted batteries and her friend's experience. When Ann visited a friend in the Philippines, she s?w the friend couldn't study when it became dark because there was no electricity or light. She saw the need for a flashlight that has no batteries - Hollow Flashlight.
In her project, Ann wrote "I made two flashlights that do not use any batteries or harmful materials. They do not create any noise and will always work. The flashlight needs at least a 5℃ temperature difference between the holder's body and the environment around to produce light."
A video of Ann explaining how she creatcd the flashlight has been watched more than 1.4 million times on the Internet.
Though Ann was successful, she has not made a decision about her career path. Ann hope that she can find a way to join her love of film and science together.
The four winners were chosen from 15 final competitors from eight countries. The competition attracted thousands of students in 120 countries.
42. In which part of a newspaper can we probably read this passage?
A. Travel.                        B. Culture.                           C. Technology.             D. Advertisement.
43. The first paragraph is written to be a(n) ________.
A. introduction                 B. warning                           C. argument                  D. discussion
44. Paragraph 6 mainly tells us ________.
A. what Ann saw in the Philippines                               B. why Ann invented Hollow Flashlight
C. how Ann's family encouraged her interest                  D. what prize Ann got for Hollow Flashlight 
45. According to the passage, we learn ________.
A. easy to win the international science competition
B. Hollow Flashlight is safe, noiseless and can save energy
C. Ann has made a decision to be a scientist in the future
D. few people are interested in how Ann created the flashlight

四、词汇运用(共10小题;每小题1分,计10分)
根据句子意思,用括号中所给汉语提示或英语单词的适当形式填空。在答题卡标有题号的横线上,写出空缺处所填单词的正确形式。(每空一词)
46. Lucy is one of the _______________ girls in our class. (高)
47. Last term, I _______________ a bicycle to school every day. (骑)
48. I'm strongly _______________ smoking because it may cause cancer. (反对)
49. We are pleased with the good _______________ in Yangzhou restaurants. (服务)
50. Rome was not _______________ in a day, so you should work hard to make progress. (建造)
51. The books on the shelf are that _______________. (visit)
52. The foreigner has been used to _______________ with chopsticks. (eat)
53. Kids, help _______________to some fruit, it's good for your health. (you)
54. _______________, the "Chinese Dream”will come true in the near future. (hope)
55. Two _______________ of the students have read the book Alice in Wonderland. (five)

五、任务型阅读(共10空;每空1分,计10分)
阅读下列短文,根据短文中的信息完成文后表格。在答题卡标有题号的横线上,写出空缺处所填单词的正确形式。(每空一词)
It's important to develop the healthy habits in your daily life. The following will help you become healthier and keep perfect shape.
Eat properly. A healthy diet is very important for everybody. Breakfast is the most important meal in a day. Doctors suggest that students’ breakfast should include fruit, eggs, milk, rice or noodles, because these can offer them necessary energy, help them listen carefully in class and keep them healthy. Eat enough for lunch and little for supper. But remember that too much sugar is bad for your teeth and blood. You shouldn't have too many sweet snacks and desserts in your diet, even though such food tastes delicious.
Keep off germs(病菌). Daily tooth cleaning reduces the amount of germs which will spread diseases. Germs in the mouth arc likely to enter the blood and cause illness, even heart disease. Even if you’ re not sick, always remember to cough or   into your arms instead of your hands because hands can spread germs to others when you touch something else. Besides, washing hands is necessary after going to the toilet or before having a meal. And you'd better rub both hands while washing them.
Exercise regularly. Regular exercise can improve your moods and balance. Wha’s more, it’s good for bones. There are many forms of exercise: walking or running for about 30 minutes a day playing ball games twice or three times a week, swimming or dancing often. You can choose your favorite to practise regularly. You will not only feel energetic but also think better after doing exercise.
Stay connected. Having regular communication with friends is the key to reducing stress. And sharing happiness and sadness, exchanging information with others can also help improve memory. Having a friend or a circle of friends can help you feel good.

The 56________ to keep fit

Eating properly

You should have proper breakfast because it can 57________ you with necessary energy.
You should have enough for lunch and little for 58________.
Sweet snacks and desserts arc tasty, 59________ you shouldn't eat too much.

Keeping off germs

It's necessary for you to 60________ your teeth every day, cough or sneeze into 
your arms’ and wash your hands often to stop germs from61________.

62________ regularly

You will feel 63________ and think better after doing exercise, so you can choose your favourite sports to do.

Staying connected

It can help you feel 64________ stressed when you communicate with your friends and it is also useful in 65________ memory.

 
六、缺词填空
Once there was a lovely vegetable field with a very big tree in it. Both the vegetables and the t________66 made the garden look wonderful.
No one knew that the vegetables in the field and the tree couldn't get on well with each other. The vegetables h________67 the tree. They thought the tree did not leave theme________ 68 light to survive. On the other hand, the tree hated the vegetables. He complained that the vegetables drank nearly all the water b________69 it could get to him.
The situation became worse and worse. One day, the vegetables got angry and decided to use up all the w________70 in the ground so that the tree would dry up. The tree fought back by refusing to give the vegetables shade(树荫) from the hot sun. Soon they both began lo dry up.
Neither of them thought that the gardener would stop watering his vegetable f________71when he saw it becoming worse. When the gardener did that, the tree and the vegetables really felt how t________72 they were. There seemed to be no ways to solve the problem, but one of the vegetables, a small pumpkin r________73 what was going on, and decided to deal with it. Though there was little water and it was too hot, the little pumpkin did all he could to grow... F________74 he grow very big, the gardener noticed that and started watering the field again because he wanted to win the beautiful big pumpkin competition. At the same time, the tree and the vegetables grew better. They realizes that it was better to help each other than to f________75.
From then on, they worked together and lived in harmony with these around them.

七、书面表达(共30分)
A.句子翻译(共5小题;每小题2分,计10分) 
将下列句子译成英语,并将所译句子写在答题卡标有题号的横线上。

  1. 英式英语与美式英语有点不同。

______________________________________________________________________________________

  1. 我们迫不及待地想知道考试结果。

______________________________________________________________________________________

  1. 我怀疑那个活动是否值得参加。

______________________________________________________________________________________

  1. 不要熬夜,否则你会在课上打瞌睡。

______________________________________________________________________________________

  1. David如此爱好阅读以至于他每天在这一方面花一小时。

______________________________________________________________________________________
B.写作(计20分)

  1. 扬州将迎来建城2500周年华诞。学校打算从你班招募一名志愿者,Jim和Jane是两名候选人,班上的A组同学推荐Jim,B组同学推荐Jane。假如你是班长名叫Li Ping,你会推荐谁,理由是什么?请根据表格中的信息和要求给学校负责人吴先生写一份电子邮件,向他汇报具体情况。

观点

理由

Group A推荐Jim

  1. 学习成绩优秀,经常受到老师表扬
  2. 虽不多言,但……

Group B推荐Jane

  1. 学习成绩虽然一般,但……
  2. 乐于在空余时间为班级做额外的工作

你推荐……

  1. 作为志愿者应该乐于奉献,……
  2. 请举例说明你所推荐的Jim/Jane的品质和能力

要求:1)表达清楚,语法正确,上下文连贯; 
2)必须包括表格中所有的相关信息,并适当发挥; 
3)词数:100词左右(电子邮件的开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数) 
4)不得使用真实姓名、校名和地名等。 
Dear Mr. Wu,
We have discussed whether Jim or Jane should be the volunteer for the event of the 2,500th anniversary of the founding of Yangzhou City. Different groups have different recommendations.
______________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
I hope my email will be of some value to you.
Yours sincerely,
Li Ping


扬州市2014年初中毕业、升学统一考试英语 
参考答案 

一、单项选择   1-5 BDCBA     6-10 BACAD   11-15 DACDB
二、完形填空   16-20 AADCC   21-25 DBCDA  26-30 BCDBA 
三、阅读理解   31-33 CAD   34-37 DACB  38-41 CDBA   42-45 CABB
四、词汇运用 
46. tallest              47. rode               48. against            49. service            50. built
51. visitor’s          52. eating             53. yourselves      54. Hopefully 55. fifths
五、任务型阅读 
56. ways              57. provide           58. supper            59. but                 60. brush
61. speeding         62. Exercising       63. energetic         64. less                 65. improving              
六、缺词填空 
66. tree                67. hated              68. enough           69. before            70. water
71. field                72. thirsty             73. realized           74. Finally            75. fight
七、书面表达 
A.句子翻译 
76. British English is a little different from American English.
77. We can’t wait to know the result of the exam.
78. I doubt whether the activity is worth taking part in.
79. Don’t stay up, or yu will feel sleepy in class.
80. David is so crazy about reading that he spends an hour on it every day. 
B.写作: 略

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