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《楼德教研》,2010年获新泰市优秀教研博客一等奖,泰安市教育教学最佳博客奖。属于公益基础教育博客,经营宗旨是为广大中小学教师提供专业服务,为广大中小学生提供学习帮助和平台。《楼德教研》立足于为广大师生和学生家长服务,近年来所发布的试题不少已被选作部分地区的中考试题和期中期末考试试题,很多资料已被结集出版。由于时间限制,我们无法征得所选资料作者的同意,如果你不同意将将自己的文章刊登在此,请通知,我们将予以处理,谢谢!

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黔西南州2014年初中毕业生学业暨升学统一考试 英语试题及答案  

2014-09-17 14:47:05|  分类: 【中考英语】 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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黔西南州2014年初中毕业生学业暨升学统一考试
英  语  试  题


I  (选择题, 80分) 
I.情景交际。根据所给情景选择最佳答案。(10小题,每小题2分,共20分) 
1. ---Hello, may I speak to Jane?      ---_________
A. Who are you?                B. What’s wrong?
C. This is Jane speaking.          C. She is Jane. 
2. ---I’ll go to Hong Kong for a trip next weekend.   
--- Great! _______
A. Good luck!                  B. Have a good time!
C. Best wishes!                 D. Glad to see you again.
3. ---You have a beautiful voice. I love your songs.    ---____________
A. No, I’m not.   B. Thank you.   C. It’s OK.  D. That’s all right. 
4. ---Are you confident about the basketball match against Class 9, Yangyang?
----_________ I’ve got everything ready!
A. Of course not.      B. It’s hard to say.    C. Sure, I am.   D. I am afraid not. 
5. ---You’d better not eat too much salt. It’s bad for your health.   
----_________.
A. Not at all.                       B. You’re welcome.
C. I’m thirsty now.                  D. Thanks for your advice.
6. ---My new iPhone was stolen when I took a bus yesterday.     
---___________
A. I’m sorry to hear that.             B. It doesn’t matter.
C. Don’t be silly.                   D. I’d love to.
7. ---Would you mind my opening the window?
---___________ It’s much too hot here. 
A. Certainly.     B. Of course not.    C. All right.    D. Yes, you can. 
8. ---Mum, I’ve got the first prize in the photo competition.   
---____________
A. Good luck!     B. Not at all.     C. Good idea!    D. Congratulation!
9. ---Is everyone here today?                 ----____________
A. No, Jack isn’t here.                 B. Yes, please. 
C. Yes, it is.                         D. Let’s go. 
10. ---What’s the weather like in your hometown?    ---__________
A. Yes, I like it.                      B. It’s warm in winter.
C. Why not?                        D. Yes, very much. 
II. 单项填空。(20小题,每小题1分,共20分) 
A)从下列各题ABCD中选择出能填入空白处的正确答案。 
11. Could you please get me some ________? I’m hungry. 
A. apple            B. water          C. bread         D. egg 
12. ---How was _______dinner at Mike’s house?
---It was great. Mike’s mum is _______ wonderful cook.
A. a; the            B. the; a          C. the; the       D. a; an
13. ---Is this _______ ruler?
---No. _______ is over there.
A. her; Her          B. her; Hers       C. hers; Hers     D. hers; Her
14. The bread smells _________ and it sells ________.
A. well; good        B. good; good      C. good; well    D. well; well
15. ---Which is the biggest number of the four?   ---________.
A. One third         B. Two thirds       C. A half       D. A quarter
16. There _______ a basketball match between Class One and Class Three this afternoon.
A. is going to be      B. will have        C. are going to be   D. is going to have 
17. I ________ $300 for the bike. 
A. took              B. spent          C. cost          D. paid
18. I _______ my hometown for a long time. I really miss it. 
A. left              B. went away from    C. have left     D. have been away from 
19. ---Is the man over there Mr. Brown?
----It ______ him. He has gone to Brazil to watch the 2014 FIFA World Cup.
A. may not           B. can’t be         C. shouldn’t     D. mustn’t 
20. Tom’s mother told him _______ eating too much meat.
A. stopping           B. to stop         C. stops         D. stopped
21. ---I have changed my job.    ---_________
A. So do I.          B. So have I.       C. So I do.      D. So I have.
22. They will lose the game _______ they try their best.
A. unless            B. once           C. since         D. after
23. ---Could you tell me _________?
---You can take the No. 1 bus. 
A. how can we get to Xingyi Airport       B. how we can get to Xingyi Airport
C. how do we get to Xingyi Airport        D. how we got to Xingyi Airport
24. He didn’t go to school yesterday ________ he was ill.
A. because         B. because of        C. if           D. so 
25. _______ the teachers in their school is about 200 and one fourth of them are _______ teachers. 
A. A number of; women                 B. A number of; woman    
C. The number of; women               D. The number of; woman
B) 选择与下列句子划线部分意思相同或相近的选项。 
26. Mr. Green is very happy because he is satisfied with his students’ work today.
A. is moved by      B. is good for       C. is fond of       D. is pleased with  
27. The students ought to wear school uniforms when they’re at school.
A. are supposed to    B. are allowed to     C. would like to    D. love to 
28. He could play the violin when he was five
A. at the age of five   B. five years later    C. for five years    D. five years age 
29. He was very ill, but now he is out of danger
A. dangerous        B. safe             C. safely          D. in danger
30. The Smiths are watching the men’s table tennis match at the moment.
A. Mr. Smith        B. Mrs. Smith        C. The Smith family   D. Mr. Smith and his son

III. 完形填空。从ABCD中选出一个最佳答案,使短文意思完整。(10小题,每小题1分,共10分) 
There are many kinds of pollution around us,     31    air pollution, soil pollution, noise pollution and light pollution. They are bad    32    our health in many ways. 
Burning gas, oil and coal creates air pollution. It can cause sore eyes and    33   problems. 
With the increase of pollution and the development of industry, litter is everywhere. It makes our environment dirty. People put lots of rubbish in the land. Farmers use too many   34    in the fields. They destroy the soil. So soil pollution has become serious. 
Noise pollution can make people    35    . For example, people may lose their hearing if they work in a    36    place for a long time. Too much noise can cause high blood pressure    37    .
Working for a long time in strong, changeable light    38    cause some kinds of illnesses. It makes people feel    39    and is especially bad for the eyes. 
With   40    pollution, our planet will become greener and our health will be better. Let’s be greener people. 
31. A. such as              B. for example             C. such like              D. as well as    
32 A. to                   B. in                     C. for                   D. at 
33. A. breaths              B. breathe                 C. breathed              D. breathing 
34. A. chemical            B. chemicals               C. chemistry              D. chemistries 
35. A. blind               B. lame                   C. black                  D. deaf 
36. A. noise               B. noisy                  C. noisily                 D. noises 
37. A. as well             B. too                    C. either                  D. also  
38. A. must               B. should                 C. may                   D. need 
39. A. terrible            B. comfortable              C. terribly                D. comfortably 
40. A. little               B. a little                  C. less                   D. fewer

IV. 阅读理解。阅读下面三篇短文,根据内容选择最佳答案。(15小题,每小题2分,共30分) 
A
Some people have a very poor sense of direction. Unluckily, I am one of them. I have visited a place many times but I may still get lost there the next time. 
When I was a little girl, I never dared to ask strangers the way. And so I used to walk around in circles and hope that by chance I would get to the place I was going to. 
Now, I am no longer too shy to ask people for directions, but I often receive helpless or even wrong information. So I try to avoid giving people wrong directions. If anyone ever asks me the way somewhere, I would say, “Sorry, I am a stranger here.” 
Once on my way to work I was stopped by a man. He asked me if I could tell him the way to the Friendship Building. I gave him my usual reply. But just as I walked on only a few steps. I realized that he had asked the way to my office building. However, I had no time to turn back and look for him. I was rushing to meet with someone at my office and I didn’t want to keep him waiting. 
When I just got to my office, the secretary(秘书) showed in the man who had asked me for directions. Imagine how embarrassed I was and how surprised he was when we saw each other at the first sight. 
41. The writer always refuses to give people directions because _____________. 
A. she is a stranger to the city                  B. she doesn’t know the people 
C. she has no time to help others                D. she’s afraid of giving wrong direction 
42. A man stopped the writer on the way to _____________.
A. sell her something    B. ask her the time    C. make friends with her    D. ask for the direction 
43. The Friendship Building is the place where the writer ______________.
A. lives               B. studies           C. works               D. teaches 
44. The words “embarrassed” in the paragraph means “___________”. 
A. 尴尬              B. 困惑            C. 激动              D. 拮据 
45. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?
A. The writer is too shy to give others directions.
B. The writer has a very poor sense of direction. 
C. The writer never got lost when she was young. 
D. The man was quite nervous when he saw the writer. 
B
“Tom? Are you in bed yet?” called Mrs. White. There was no answer. Mrs. White put down her book and went to her 14-year-old son’s room. Tom was sitting in front of a bright computer screen on which a motorbike was running fast. 
“Oh, Tom. You’re still playing on that computer game. You must stop now, because it’s half past eleven. If you don’t go to bed soon, you’ll be very tired tomorrow.” Said Mrs. White. 
“But I’ve nearly won the game.” Tom said to Mrs. White. She could see the excitement on his face. She sat beside him. 
“You’re always playing on the computer. You spend more time on this machine than on your homework.” 
Today more and more families have computers. Parents hope computers can help their children improve their study at school. But many of their children use computers to play games, listen to songs and watch videos instead of studying. We often see that computer net bars are crowded with people, especially young boys. They spend a lot of money competing(竞争) with the computerized(用计算机控制的) machines. The more they lose, the more they want to win. The result is that they don’t’ want to work or study. 
In some countries, even scientists hate computers. They say computers cause millions of people to lose their jobs or cause them a lot of trouble. Computer game addiction(瘾) is a serious problem in social life. Something should have to be done to solve the problem. 
46. How did Mrs. White feel when she saw her son playing late?
A. She felt excited.                         B. She felt happy.
C. She felt worried.                         D. She felt wonderful.
47. Parents hope computers can __________________.
A. help their children improve their study at school.      B. help their children play well.
C. help their children know a lot of Internet knowledge   D. help their children relax themselves 
48. Many children use computers to _____________.
A. watch videos      B. listen to songs      C. play games     D. A、B and C 
49. The writer thinks __________________.
A. the boys can go to the computer net bars, but the girls can’t
B. the computer net bars are very useful
C. the children spend too much money on computer games
D. the children should play computer games
50. Why do some scientists hate computers? 
A. They think computers cause millions of people to lose their jobs.
B. They think computers cause them a lot of trouble.
C. They think it’s a waste of time to use computers.
D. Both A and B.
C
Many of us don’t pay attention to the importance of eye care. It’s said that if you take care of your body, then you can be healthy. That is why our eyes should be given a lot of care. Natural eye care should be put in a number one place. 
There are several causes leading to poor eyesight like not enough food, gene(基因) and aging(年龄增长). Televisions, computers and reading are also the causes of having poor eyesight. 
If you happen to work in front of the computer, it is best to take a rest every once in a while. Something dirty can cause redness and they will make you feel uncomfortable. It is bad for your eyes, too. If this happens, the best way is to clean your eyes by using cold water. You must also try your best to protect your eyes from harmful thing. For example, sunglasses are not just fashion but they can also serve as a great way to protect your eyesight from UV rays
Eating healthy foods will do good to your eyesight. Remember that vitamins(维生素) A、C and E are good for eyes. Try to eat food groups that have these vitamins. And you should do eye exercises because exercise protects your eyesight, too. If a person exercises regularly(规律地) and eats the right kind of food, his eyes will stay in good condition for a long time. 
All above are natural ways of eye care that help us keep healthy eyes. Being happy all the time can be helpful to a person’s eyesight, too. In a word, eye care is very important, no matter how old a person is. 
51. __________ is the most important way to protect our eyes. 
A. Natural eye care     B. Taking medicine   C. Seeing the doctor     D. Being happy all the time
52. All the following causes can lead to bad eyesight except _________. 
A. age               B. height            C. reading            D. computer 
53. What should you do if you have to work in front of the computer?
A. Eat healthy foods.                      B. Clean the eyes by using cold water.
C. Wear a pair of sunglasses.                D. Have a rest after working for a while.
54. What do the under words “UV rays” mean?
A. 沙土             B. 闪电            C. 紫外线           D. 超声波  
55. Which is the best title of the passage?
A. Ways of Eye Care                      B. Ways of Eye Exercises   
C. Way of Being be Happy                  D. Way of Being Healthy

II (非选择题, 70分) 
V. 根据中文形式,填出单词的正确形式。(5小题,每小题2分, 10分) 
56. Han Han is as ________________(受欢迎的) as Guo Jingming. 
57. Teachers are usually _______________(严格的)with their students in class.
58. People around the world love _____________(和平) and hate wars. 
59. Lucy often learns French by _______________(自己) after school. 
60. The last month of a year is _______________(十二月). 
VI. 句型转换。(每空一词,5小题,每小题2分,共10分) 
61. Our school is beautiful. (改为感叹句)
_________ _________ our school is!
62. Zhang Ming was six when he started to play table tennis. (对划线部分提问)
__________ ________ was Zhang Ming when he started to play table tennis?
63. Mr. Smith and his wife seldom drive their car to work, ________ _________? (完成反意疑问句) 
64. “Who is responsible for the food safety problem? asked the reporter. (改为间接引语) 
The reporter asked _________ _________ responsible for the food safety problem. 
65. Though the earthquake destroyed many houses, people didn’t lose hope. (改为被动语态)
Though many houses ________ _________ by the earthquake, people didn’t lose hope. 
VII.补全对话。从对话后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。(其中有两项是多余的。5小题,每小题2分,共10分) 
A: Welcome to I COOL, YOU COOL, madam. How can I help you?
B:     66       .
A: This way, please. These are the latest fashion.     67     . 
B: It looks cool. But I don’t like bright green. 
A: We’ve got many colors: pink, grey, dark red and yellow.     68    .  
B: Pink. Could you show me the light pink one?
A:      69      . And it’s very thick. 
B: I like it.     70     .
A: It was 100 dollars but now it is only 50 dollars. 
B: That’s a great price. I’ll take it.


A. What’s your favorite color?
B. How much is the bright green one? 
C. Certainly! It’s very beautiful, isn’t it?
D. How much does it cost?
E. I want to buy a coat.
F. Yes, I think it’s my size.
G. What do you think of this one?

VIII. 根据句意,从方框中选用合适的词并用其适当形式填空,其中有两项是多余的。(5小题,每小题2分,共10分)


stay up      show up      beautiful         prefer       favorite      love     make 

71. Mark Twain is Mary’s _______________ author. 
72. She ____________ classical music to pop music.
73. The Fine Arts Museum is the ______________ museum in our city. 
74. I _____________ eating ice cream on a hot day. It tastes good. 
75. Do you know where John is? He was going to meet me earlier but he didn’t _______________.
IX. 书面表达。(共30分) 
有一种节约叫光盘,有一种公益叫光盘!所谓光盘,就是吃光你盘子中的食物,拒绝浪费,珍惜粮食!针对这项行动,并根据以下提示,请你以“No Wasting On Food”为题写一篇短文,号召大家参与这项活动。 
要点提示: 
Reason:
1. a waste of food, money
2. pollute the environment 
……
Suggestion:
1. eat up all your food/clear your plate
2. leftovers(剩饭菜)……
3. order less or smaller dishes 
注意:1. 短文必须包括所有内容要点,可适当发挥; 
2. 语句流畅,书写规范; 
3. 词数80-100词; 
4. 文中不能出现真实人名、地名等信息; 
5. 开头已给出,不计入总词数。 
No Wasting On Food
Recently, many restaurants around our country have joined the “Clearing Your Plate” campaign(活动) against wasting food by offering smaller dishes. ___________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________


_________________________________________________________________________________________



黔西南州2014年初中毕业生学业暨升学统一考试
英语试题参考答案

I. 情景交际。(20分) 
1---5 CBBCD   6—10 ABDAB
II. 单项选择。(20分) 
11---15 CBBCB    16---20 ADDBB     21---25 BABAC     26----30 DAABC 
III. 完形填空。(10分) 
31---35 ACDBD    36---40 BACAC
解析: 
【主旨大意】本篇短文通过讲述污染的情况,来倡导人们争做“greener people”。 
31. A  根据后面的并列成份“air pollution, soil pollution, noise pollution and light pollution”可推断在举例,故选A。 
32. C  固定短语。be bad for ... 是固定短语,故选C。 
33. D  词形辨析。breath 名词,意思是“呼吸”;breathe 动词,意思是“呼吸”;breathed 是动词breathed的过去式或过去分词;breathing是breathe动词的现在分词或者动名词。由名词problems可推断应用动名词来修饰它,故选D. 
34. B   chemical形容词“化学的”,或作名词“化学制品;化学药品”; chemist名词,“化学家”;chemistry名词,“化学”。由many+可数名词复数可推断应选B项。 
35. D 根据句子“people may lose their hearing if...”可以推断应该是“噪音问题可能使人们聋了。”故选C。 
36. B  根据前后句意可推断应该是“一个噪音的地方”;noise名词,意思是“噪音”,noisy形容词“噪音的”,故选B。 
37. A  四个选项的意思都是“也”。as well只能放在句末;too放在肯定句句末且前面要有逗号隔开;also放在句中或句末;either放在否定句句末且前面有逗号隔开。故选A。 
38. C  情态动词的用法。must意为“必须”(主观意志);need意为“需要”;should意为“应该”(某件事宜于做);may意为“可能,可以”;根据句意可推断出C项。 
39. A  由系动词feel可知后跟形容词,构成系表结果;再根据句子“is especially bad for the eyes.”可推断应选A项。 
40. C 根据句子“our planet will become greener and our health will be better. ”可知“更少的污染”;由pollution是不可数名词可推断选C项。 
IV. 阅读理解。(30分) 
41---45 DDCAB    46---50 CADCD    51---55 ABDCA 
V. 根据中文形式,填出单词的正确形式。(10分) 
56. popular     57. strict    58. peace    59. herself    60. December 
VI. 句型转换。(10分) 
61. How beautiful    62. How old    63. do they    64. who was   65. were destroyed  
VII. 补全对话。(10分) 
66---70 EGACB 
VIII. 根据句意,从方框中选用合适的词并用其适当形式填空。(10分) 
71. favorite    72. prefers    73. most beautiful    74. love    75. show up 
IX. 书面表达。(30分) 
Recently, many restaurants in our country have joined the “Clearing Your Plate” campaign(活动) against wasting food by offering smaller dishes. 
Many people around us also pay more attention to saving food in their daily life. A number of people have realized the importance of saving food. I believe it is meaningful /necessary/important for us to take an active part in this activity. It is a waste of food and money if we order too much food but eat too little. And it’s not easy for farmers to produce the food for us. There are still too many poor people in the poor areas in China, they don’t have enough food to eat. Meanwhile, the environment will be polluted by the wasted food. Also, eating too much is bad for our health. We should take action to support the campaign.                             
What should we do in our daily life to waste less food? First, we should eat up all the food in our dishes and plates. Second, we may order less or smaller dishes in the restaurant. Third, we can take the leftovers home and enjoy them later. In a word, I think it is our duty to refuse the waste of food                          .

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