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《楼德教研》,2010年获新泰市优秀教研博客一等奖,泰安市教育教学最佳博客奖。属于公益基础教育博客,经营宗旨是为广大中小学教师提供专业服务,为广大中小学生提供学习帮助和平台。《楼德教研》立足于为广大师生和学生家长服务,近年来所发布的试题不少已被选作部分地区的中考试题和期中期末考试试题,很多资料已被结集出版。由于时间限制,我们无法征得所选资料作者的同意,如果你不同意将将自己的文章刊登在此,请通知,我们将予以处理,谢谢!

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天津市2014年初中毕业生学业暨升学统一考试英语试题及答案  

2014-09-18 10:16:59|  分类: 【中考英语】 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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一、听力部分(略)

二.单项填空
21. --- Mary, who’s______ woman over there?
--- She’s my aunt, ______ English teacher.
A. the; the B. a;the C.the; an D. a; an
22. If you work harder, you’ll have another______ to play the violin at a concert.
A. sleep B. chance C. mistake D.problem
23. --- Is there_____ beef in the fridge?
--- No, there isn’t. There is ______ pork.
A. some; any B. any; any C. some; some D. any; some
24. Mo Yan is one of _____ writers in the world.
A. famous B.more famous C. most famous D. the most famous
25. We don’t want to speak badly or ______ in front of the class.
A. clearly B. carefully C.carelessly D. properly
26. ______ month of the year is May.
A. Two B. The second C.Five D.The fifth
27. Robots _____more heavy work for us in the future.
A. will do B. did C. have done D. were doing
28. Look at our new school. It ____ last year.
A. built B. was built C.is built D. will be built
29. The book won’t____ until the end of the year.
A. come out B. come over C. come true D. come on
30. He was wearing a pair of sunglasses and I didn’t _____him at first.
A. advise B. promise C. recognise D. hear
31. Look at the “No parking” sign. You _____park your car here.
A. should B. must C. needn’t D. mustn’t
32. When you leave, please turn off the light_____ energy.
A. save B. saving C. saved D. to save
33. Cambridge is a small city____ the east of England.
A. between B. with C. in D. under
34. It was raining heavily, _____ we decided to stay at home and watch TV.
A. but B. or C. because D. so
35.—The programme is very popular.
--- _____. We all like it.
A. That’s right. B.Not at all. 
C. It doesn’t matter D. You’re welcome
36.--- ____ you ever_____ the new Minyuan Stadium? --- No, I haven’t.
A. Do; visit B. Have; visited C. Did; visit D. Are; visiting
37.--- Could you tell me_____ yuanxiao in china?
--- Usually at Lantern Festival.
A. when do people eat B. how do people eat 
C. when people eat D. how people ear
38. Be friendly and you’ll ____ well with others.
A. look at B.get on C.put on D. pick up
39._____ he was very tired, he continued working in his office.
A. Since B.Although C. As soon as D. Because
40. --- Can I havea look at your photos, please? ---______.
A. Sure, here you are B.Don’t mention it 
C. I can’t agree with you D. I’m sorry to hear that
三、完形填空
Many years ago, when I was a student, the radio studio manager at WXBN interviewed me and it changed my life.
“How old are you?”he looked down at _______41.
“Fifteen,” I said.
“And you want a job in radio?” Shouldn’t you be _______42?”he asked.
How could I explain? I’ve always _______43 the radio. When I was four or five years old, I remember sitting close to the radio in the living room, listening to my favourite programmes, and the voices of my favourite presenters. It seemed that they were speaking to me in person. _______44 the age of nine, I asked for jobs in small radio stations.
As I grew older, my _______45 in radio grew. One day I learned about Internet radio. Once a week, I played my favoutite music from my father’s computer to the listeners, talked about life at school, and then closed down and did my homework.
Soon my friends at junior high school started to listen, and then they wanted to _______46. We prepared the weekly programmes, articles about music, sports news, jokes and the weather report.
“OK, _______47 with me,” the WXBN manager said, I followed him into the studio. Then I sat down in front of a microphone. He was in another room, behind the glass wall.
“OK, let’s do a second check. Just tell me _______48 you had for breakfast.”
All radio presenters begin work with the same _______49.
“I had eggs, fruit and some milk.”
“OK, that’s great,” the man behind the glass said.
And this was how my first real _______50 in radio began.

41.A.me B.her C.you D. him 
42.A.on the news B.on business C.at school D.at work
43.A.repaired B.loved C.sold D.cleaned
44.A.At B.In C.With D.For
45.A.trouble B.habit C.collection D.interest
46.A.fight B.refuse C.help D.laugh
47.A.speak B.sing C.read D.come
48.A.what B.how C.that D.why
49.A.station B.advertisement C.question D.time
50.A.game B.job C.joke D.report
四、阅读理解

A
A man lived in a village. He had an old cat at home. The cat couldn’t run fast, and she couldn’t bite, because she was so old. One day, when she saw a mouse, she jumped and caught it. But she could not bite it. The mouse got out of her mouth and ran away.
Then the man became very angry and began to beat the cat. The cat said, “Don’t beat your old servant. I know I’m old and can’t kill a mouse. But I have worked for you for many years, and I still want to work for you. Be kind to the old, and remember what good work they did when they were young.”
When the man heard that, he realized that he was wrong.
51. Where did the man live?
A. In a village. B. In a city. C. In a factory. D. In a hotel.
52. What could the old cat do?
A. Run fast. B. Bite. C. Catch a mouse. D. Kill a mouse.
53. How did the man feel when the mouse ran away?
A. Angry. B. Happy. C. Afraid. D. Sad.
54. How long did the cat work for the man?
A. Several days. B. A few months. C. About a year. D. Many years.
55. What happened at the end of the story?
A. The cat left home. B. The man realized his mistake.
C. The man killed the cat. D. The man didn’t believe the cat.
B
How green are you? Do you know how to be green?
We all need a healthy environment, but we produce waste every day and it does harm to our environment. Though we are young, we can still do something to help. In fact, even the simplest everyday activities can make a real difference to the environment. Here are some ideas for you.
Reduce
Reduce means “use less”. Don’t waste things. This saves money and reduces pollution and waste going into the environment. Before we buy something new, think whether it is really necessary—or maybe the old one will be just as good! When we do buy things, choose local products if possible, and try not to buy too many things from abroad.
Reuse
Reuse means “use again”. Use things for as long as possible. When we buy things, make sure that they last a long time. We should look after them so that they will last, and we should repair them if we can instead of throwing them away and buying new ones. Don’t use a paper cup of a paper bag. It’s better to use a china cup and a lunch box because you can use them again.
Recycle
Recycle means “change things into something else”. Though it takes energy to change something into something else, it’s better than throwing things away or burning them. Find out what can be recycled in your neighbourhood and take part in recycling programmes. We should also buy products made from recycled materials, such as recycled paper, to help save trees.
So please remember these three words: reduce, reuse and recycle.
56. What is the passage about?
A. How to produce things. B. How to burn things.
C. How to help others. D. How to be green.
57. Which of the following is right?
A. Don’t waste things. B. Always throw away old things.
C. Always buy new things. D. Buy too many things from abroad.
58. Why is it better to use a china cup and a lunch box?
A. You can burn them. B. You can use them again.
C. You can throw them away. D. You can change them into something else.
59. To protect the environment, we should remember these three words: _______.
A. waste, reuse and recycle B. repair, burn and recycle
C. reduce, reuse and recycle D. reduce, waste and recycle.
60. The passage may come from ______.
A. a menu B. a dictionary C. a storybook D. a magazine
C
Is there intelligent (有智力的) life on other planets? For years, scientists said “no.” or “we don’t know.” But today this is changing. Seth Shostak and Alexandra Barnett are astronomers(天文学家). They believe intelligent life exists (存在) somewhere in the universe. They also think we sill soon contact these beings(人;生物).
Why do Shostak and Barnett think intelligent life exists on other planets? The first reason is time. Scientists believe the universe is about 12 billion years old. “This is long enough for other planets to have intelligent life,” say Shostak and Barnett. The second reason is size—the universe is huge. “Tools like the Hubble Telescope(哈勃望远镜) have shown that there are at least 100 billion galaxies,” says Shostak. “And our galaxy, the Milky Way, has at least 100 billion stars. Some planets going around these stars might be similar to Earth.”
In the past, it was hard to look for signs of intelligent life in the universe. But now, powerful telescopes(高倍望远镜) allow scientists to discover smaller planets—the size of Mars or Earth—in other solar systems. These planets might have intelligent life.
Have beings from space already visited Earth? “Probably not,” says Shostak. “It’s a long way away. However, intelligent beings may contact us in other way, such as radio signals(信号). In fact, they may be trying to communicate with us now, but we don’t have the right tools to receive their messages. However, this is changing. By 2025, we could make contact with other life forms in our universe and we might help each other.”
61. Seth Shostak and Alexandra Barnett are _____.
A. astronomers B. farmers C. singers D. drivers
62. What is the best title for Paragraph 2?
A. The Age and Size of Earth
B. Our Galaxy: The Milky Way
C. Why Intelligent Life Might Exist
D. Earth: The Only Planet with Intelligent Life
63. Why was it hard to look for signs of intelligent life in the universe in the past?
A. There were not any smaller planets.
B. There were not any powerful telescopes. 
C. The astronomers were not interested in them.
D. The Milky Way didn’t exist at that time,
64. Why haven’t beings from space visited us yet according to Shostak?
A. They’re afraid of us. B. It’s a long way away.
C. They don’t want to see us. D. They don’t know how to use radio signals.
65. What does the underlined phrase “life forms” in the last paragraph mean?
A. Messages B. Tools C. Intelligent beings D. Radio signals
五、补全对话
根据对话内容,从方框内选择恰当的句子将对话补充完整。(选项中有两项是多余的)


A: Hi, Tom! You look very happy today.
B: Oh, yes. Guess what? My best friend Ben is coming.
A: Oh, really? ____66____
B: Tomorrow. I can’t wait to see him.
A: ____67____ 
B: For two weeks.
A: ____68____ 
B: He is really friendly. I’m sure you will like him when you see him.
A: What does he look like?
B: ____69____ 
A: Could you introduce him to me?
B: ____70____ 
六、完成句子
根据所给中文意思完成句子,每空限填一词。
71. 我每天不得不早早起床赶头班车。
I have to __________ __________early every day to catch the first bus.

72. 他们去年冬天在海南度假。
They were __________ __________in Hainan last winter.

73. 我们春节前做扫除,是为了扫走不好的运气。
We do some cleaning to ____________________ bad luck before Spring Festival.

74. 你周日经常和母亲去购物吗?
Do you often __________ __________with your mother on Sundays?

75. 你何不在错误的旁边写下正确的拼写呢?

Why don’t you __________ __________the correct spelling next to the mistake?

七、任务型阅读(本大题共5小题,每小题1分,共5分)
阅读下面短文,根据短文内容完成句子。
Do you know that each child in school catches six to ten colds every year? Though there is no cure for colds, there are some suggestions for you to avoid getting a cold.
First, you can avoid catching a cold by practicing healthy habits. Begin by eating healthy foods. Eat lots of fruits and vegetables and drink milk and juice. Other healthy habits include getting plenty of sleep at night and lots of exercise.
Next, you should try to avoid contact with the viruses that cause colds. If you can, stay away from large crowds. When people cough(咳嗽) and sneeze(打喷嚏), the cold virus goes into the air. Do not share a drinking cup, fork, or spoon with someone else because that could spread the virus. Washing you hands is also a good way not to catch a cold. The cold virus may be on the things like telephones and money. Shaking another person’s hand could even spread the virus. By washing your hands, you can stop the virus from infecting(传染).
Following the suggestion above until doctors find a way to stop the viruses that cause colds.
76. Each child in school catches colds every year.
77. Though there is no cure, there are some for you to avoid getting a cold.
78. When people cough and sneeze, the cold virus the air.
79. You’d better not share a drinking cup with someone else because .
80. By washing your hands, you can from infecting you.
八、综合填空(本大题共10小题,每小题1分,共10分)
根据短文内容及首字母提示,填写所缺单词,使短文意思完整,没空限填一词。
On July2, 1937, Amelia Earhart( an American pilot) and Fred Noonan left New Guinea for Howland Island in the Pacific. This was the longest and most dangerous part of their t 81 around the world. Earhart had trouble soon after the plane took off. The weather was very bad, so she had to f 82 at 3,000 metres. Going this high, the plane used fuel quickly.
After about 20 h 83 , Earhart and Noonan got close to Howland Island. The island was o 84 about 65 miles (英里) away, but the bright sun was shining in their faces so they couldn’t see it. Near Howland, a ship was w 85 for the plane. Earhart contacted the ship: “We don’t have enough fuel,” she said. The ship tried to stay in touch with her b 86 got no answer. Finally, the ship called for help. People looked for Earhart and Noonan for days. However, they found nothing.
What happened to Amelia Earhart? No one knows for sure. D 87 the flight, she probably moved in the wrong direction(方向) because the sun was bright and it was d 88 to see. So she got lost; soon after, her plane ran out of fuel, and she died at sea. Another idea is that she survived(幸存) the plane crash(飞机失事), s 89 to a lonely island, and later died there. Still other think she survived the crash and secretly returned to the U.S. with a new identity(身份).
Till now, none of these i 90 has been proved. People are still wondering about them. (Noonan’s body has never been found either.) No matter what happened, Earhart probably died as she wished. “When I go,” she said, “I’d like best to go in my plane.”

91.在初中即将毕业之际,请你以张明的名义给英国笔友Brian写一封感谢信,要点提示如下:

三年前

你来到新的班级,没有朋友,感到孤独

三年中

Brian多次给你写信,他在信中:

鼓励你多交朋友;

告诉你学好英语的方法;

和你分享快乐;

你变得......

近年来天津发生很大变化,你邀请他来天津游玩


参考词汇:分享快乐 share happiness
要求:
(1)词数:80~100个
(2)信的开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数
(3)要点齐全,行文连贯,可适当发挥
Dear Brian,
How time flies! We have been friends for three years. I’m writing to thank you for your help!
Three years ago,___________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Hope to see you soon!
Yours,
Zhang Ming




二、单项填空:
CBDDC DABAC DDCDA BCBBA
三、完型:
ACBAD CDACB
四、阅读:
ACADB DABCD ACBBC
五、补全对话CAEFB
六、完成句子 get ou on holiday sweep away go shopping write down 
七、任务型阅读
Six to ten/ 6 to 10 suggestions goes into that could spread the virus stop the virus
八、综合填空
travel/tour/trip fly hours only waiting but During difficult swam ideas


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