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《楼德教研》,2010年获新泰市优秀教研博客一等奖,泰安市教育教学最佳博客奖。属于公益基础教育博客,经营宗旨是为广大中小学教师提供专业服务,为广大中小学生提供学习帮助和平台。《楼德教研》立足于为广大师生和学生家长服务,近年来所发布的试题不少已被选作部分地区的中考试题和期中期末考试试题,很多资料已被结集出版。由于时间限制,我们无法征得所选资料作者的同意,如果你不同意将将自己的文章刊登在此,请通知,我们将予以处理,谢谢!

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湖南省长沙市2014年中考英语试题  

2014-09-18 16:50:47|  分类: 【中考英语】 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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湖南省长沙市2014年中考英语试题

I. 听力技能(两部分,共20 小题,计25 分)
第一节对话理解根据所听到的对话,从题中所给的A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳答案回答问题。听每
段对话前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5 秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5 秒钟的作答时间。(共15
小题,计15 分)
听下面五段对话,每听完一段对话后,回答1 个小题。
\
3. How often does the man play basketball?
A. Once a week. B. Twice a week. C. Three times a week.
4. Where is the boy’s T-shirt?
A. On the bed. B. On the chair. C. On the sofa.
5. What does Tina’s father do?
A. An engineer. B. A worker. C. A doctor.
听第六段对话,回答第6 至7 小题。
6. When will the train leave?
A. 7:30 B. 8:30 C. 9:30
7. How is the weather now?
A. Rainy B. Snowy C. Sunny
听第七段对话,回答第8 至9 小题。
8. What are they going to do tomorrow evening?
A. Go to a concert. B. Go shopping. C. Go swimming.
9. How are they going there?
A. By bus. B. By bike. C. On foot.
听第八段对话,回答第10 至12 小题。
10. Where does the conversation probably take place?
A. In a hospital. B. In a restaurant. C. In a shop.
11. What does the man want to do?
A. Buy a book. B. Repair a watch. C. Change a CD player.
12. Why does the man choose the blue one?
A. Because his son likes blue best. B. Because it is the cheapest one.
C. Because it is made in America.
听第九段对话,回答第13 至15 小题。
13. What’s the probable relationship(关系)between the two speakers?
A. Doctor and patient. B. Teacher and student. C. Husband and wife.
14. What’s the matter with Paul?
A. He’s not good at geography. B. He has trouble learning English.
C. He failed in his science exam.
15. How can he improve his pronunciation?
A. By listening to the tape. B. By taking notes in class. C. By making word cards.

第二节笔录要点根据你所听到的内容,填写下面的表格,每空不超过3 个单词。
(共5 小题,计10 分)

Name

Age

Time

Volunteer work

Mike

sixteen

on Saturday morning

reads stories for sick 16.__________

Jane

fourteen

on 17.______________

cleans rooms, sings songs and 18.________ with the old

Fred

19.___________

every summer vocation

buys some 20.__________ for the poor kids in Africa and visits them


II. 知识运用(两部分,共25 小题,计25 分)
第一节语法填空 从A、B、C 三个选项中选择最佳答案填空。(共15 小题,计15 分)
21. My sister is old enough to dress______now.
A. himself B. herself C. myself
22. Mother’s Day is_____the second Sunday in May in the United States.
A. on B. in C.at
23. _______of us wants to go to the park today, because we have to finish so much homework.
A. Either B. Both C. Neither
24. —Is the schoolbag under the desk yours?
—No, it’s my______. He left it there just now.
A. brother B. brother’s C. brothers’
25. ______nervous the girl was! She could not fall asleep all night.
A. What B. What a C. How
26. —Oh, it was fantastic! Lily danced so well.
—Well, I think Kate danced ______than lily.
A. well B. better C. best
27. The shop_____sells flowers is at the end of the street.
A. who B. where C. which
28. It’s going to rain. You’d better take an umbrella_____you may get wet.
A. or B. and C. but
29. Little Tom computer games when his mother got home.
A. is playing B. plays C. was playing
30. —Who’s singing in the garden?
—It be Mr. Brown. He always practices singing at this time.
A. must B. can’t C. need
31. —It is getting cold. Would you mind the window?
—Of course not.
A. closing B. to close C. closed
32. I won’t go to tomorrow’s party I am invited.
A. if B. unless C. When
33. —I am afraid that I can’t finish the task successfully.
—Don’t worry. You plenty of time to do it.
A. will be given B. give C. will give
34. —Your brother is an excellent basketball player.
—So he is. He to play basketball three years ago.
A. has started B. starts C. started
35. —Excuse me, could you please tell me ?
—Sure. It’s about ten minutes’ walk.
A. how long it takes to go to the zoo B. how far it is from here to the zoo
C. how far is it from here to the zoo
第二节词语填空 通读下面的短文,掌握其大意,然后从各题所给的A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳答案。
(共10 小题,计10 分)
This morning I got an e-mail from Roy. It seems that my boy really enjoys his new life at Harvard University.
The 36 made me think of the first day when we moved into this house.
Little Roy ran around the new house with great excitement and tried to move his own things into the house
such as his toys, books and clothes, 37 , his little hand knocked over(打翻)a bottle of paint on the shelf. The
paint made the tidy floor and white wall a terrible mess(一团糟). “Oh, my God!” My wife rushed in angrily. I
looked at my son, and his small face was filled with 38 .
I 39 and held his hand, “Take it easy, Roy. Now let’s do something to make it look 40 .” I took out a
41 . “You see, Dad is a magician(魔术师), I can change it into a big tree.”
His mother soon helped paint some butterflies and flowers on the wall.
We spent the whole afternoon 42 and laughing. The wall became a beautiful forest with plants, birds and
small animals. Blue sky and white clouds were also painted by Roy. On that day, everybody in the house knew
something 43 happened.
The night before Roy left for Harvard, he asked me if I still remembered the day when he had knocked over
the paint. “Since then I’ve 44 worried about making mistakes,” he continued, “I believe I can always 45 
ways to solve the problems.”
36. A. call B. e-mail C. card
37. A. Suddenly B. Luckily C. Gladly
38. A. happiness B. hope C. fear
39. A. cried B. smiled C. shouted
40. A. nice B. bad C. wrong
41. A. drum B. brush C. clock
42. A. washing B. cooking C. painting
43. A. dangerous B. boring C. special
44. A. never B. always C. sometimes
45. A.put out B. hand out C. find out

III. 阅读技能(三部分,共20 小题,计40 分)
第一节阅读选择(共10 小题,计20 分)
A
阅读下面的短文,从每题所给的A、B、C 三个选项中,选出最佳选项回答问题或完成句子。
(共5 小题,计10 分)
When Jason’s parents saw him for the first time, they were shocked(震惊).This lovely little baby with
shining blue eyes and curly hair was born disabled(残疾的). But soon the young couple accepted this fact.
Jason’s arms are just half without hands and his legs aren’t fully grown either. They even forgot to think of him as
disabled.
At the age of six, he told his mother he wanted to get down from the prosthetics(假肢)and play with other
kids. This was the last time Jason had worn them. He now has an electric wheelchair(轮椅), but he never uses it
at home or when it is easy for him to move using only his body.
Jason learned handwriting and coloring at school, holding the pen between the ends of his arms. He also
learned to eat with forks at home. When he was ten, he fell in love with football. He never had a pair of shoes in
his life because of the shape of his feet. He only wore socks on the football field. He never won a match, but he
refused to give up. His strong arms and body, as well as some fantastic ways made him a respected(受尊重的)
player on the school team. He went to a famous university after high school.
Now Jason still faces many hardships in life, but he will make you believe that you can do what he has done.
“Never be afraid of any difficulty”, Jason often encourages others in his speeches.
46. Why were Jason’s parents shocked when they saw him for the first time?
A. Because he was born disabled. B. Because he had big hands.
C. Because his hair was curly
47. Jason learned to write and color by holding the pen ______ .
A. between his legs B. between his arms C. between his teeth
48. What does the underlined word “hardships” mean in this passage?
A. 成就 B. 贫穷 C. 困难
49. From the passage, we learn the following about Jason EXPECT ______ .
A. he only uses his electric wheelchair at home
B. he only wore socks while playing football
C. he is never afraid of any difficulty in life
50. What is the best title(标题)of this passage?
A. Disabled but still able B. Playing football brings good luck
C. Never wear prosthetics even disabled
B
阅读下列图表,从每题所给的A、B、C 三个选项中,选出最佳选项回答问题或完成句子。(共5 小题,计
10 分)

\

51. How soon can you be fluent in your chosen language?
A. In a week B. In a month C. In a year
52. Which of the following is NOT true according to the advertisement?
A. Parla is a method of learning languages.
B. You will get CDs and books from the training center.
C. Any trail must be paid.

\

53. According to the rules, the residents(住宿者)can ______ .
A. make tea and cook meals
B. play loud music at 11 p.m.
C. watch TV in their free time
54. The rules above are made for ______ .
A. students B. workers C. patients
55. We may learn from the rules that ______ .
A. visitors are welcome to spend the whole night in the rooms
B. hanging clothes out of the window to dry isn’t allowed
C. each floor has a telephone for making international calls

第二节摘录要点,阅读下面的材料。然后在表格中完成内容摘要。每空不超过3 个单词。(共5 小题,
计10 分)
Some etiquette(礼仪)in modern life
Do you often use a cellphone? Do you take the subway to school every day? These items make our modern
life easier. But do you know how we should behave properly while using them? The following suggestions might
be helpful.
For cellphone users
◆Keep your voice down when you make a phone call in public.
Shouting on the phone may make others feel uncomfortable. And you’d better not use it during an appointment(约会).
◆Stop sending messages or playing games with your cellphone at a dinner or a party. It’s a good time to communicate(交流)with your family and friends.
◆Don’t make or answer a call while driving. It is not only very dangerous
for both you and your passengers but also against the law.
For subway passengers
◆You are supposed to wait in line while buying tickets and getting on the subway. 
◆You’re not allowed to eat, drink or smoke on the subway train. The smell and noise may trouble others. It’s our duty to keep the train clean and tidy. Besides, smoking is bad for health.
◆ You can’t take pets on the train. As we all know, animals may spread
diseases(传播疾病)and get the train dirty.
◆ You’d better not lie across the subway seats even if the train isn’t crowded. Offering your seat to someone who needs it is regarded as good manners.
Titles:Some etiquette in modern life
 

  Items (项目)

             Do’s

           Don’ts

Cellphone

users

 

Keep your 56.______ down in public

● Don’t send messages or play games at a dinner or a party.

● Don’t make or answer 57.______ while driving.

58.______

● Wait in line

● Keep the train 59.______

● Offer your seat to someone who needs it.

● Don’t eat, drink or smoke on the train.

● 60.______ on the train.

● Don’t lie across the subway seats.


第三节 回答问题阅读下面的材料,然后根据材料内容回答问题。(共5小题,计10分)
The World Wide Web(www.万维网)turned 25 years old on March 12th. It has become a very important part
in our daily lives. We can’t imagine living without the web, the short form of the World Wide Web.
In 1989, a British engineer named Tim Berners-Lee came up with the idea of the Web. It is a group of “pages” of information that are connected to each other around the world. That is the very beginning of the Web. Since then, the Web has greatly changed the way people live. With a click(点击)of a mouse we can read news,
buy things, make friends and learn anything we’re interested in.
Now, 25 years after its birth, how will the Web influence life in the future? Scientists believe there are both advantages and disadvantages.
A growing Web will help build “better relationships” between different cultures. Also in the future, everyday items could be connected to the Web. We could share plenty of information to make our daily lives more convenient(方便的). So one day in the future, your front door could send you a message. “Dear sir, everyone has
left the house, but I’m still open!”
But scientists warn(警告)us that if we share personal information on the Internet it could get into the wrong
hands.
“It’s not wise to spend a whole day in front of the screen. People need to get close to nature and enjoy the sun. Never be controlled by the Internet.” said Berners-Lee.
61. How old is the World Wide Web?
62. Who came up with the idea of the Web?
63. What can we do by clicking a mouse according to the passage?
64. Will the Web influence life in the future?
65. What could happen if we share personal information on the Internet?

IV. 写作技能(三部分,共11 小题,计30 分)
第一节翻译语篇阅读下面的短文,将划线部分译成英文或中文。(共5 小题,计10 分)
Sometimes you feel busy and worried. 66.你可能有许多事情要做,时间却不够。You may wonder, “ Where does time go?” Here are some ideas to help you make use of it and find more free time to enjoy your life.
Plan ahead of time. 67. It’s necessary for you to make a plan at the beginning of a week or a day. Think of what you really need and don’t need to do. Spare(匀出)some time to have a short rest and look back on what you’ve done. You may have a sense of success.
Say no to yourself. If you are not excited about attending(出席)a social activity, then don’t go. 68.呆在家里休息。If you plan to go to a supermarket but it is raining heavily, why not stay inside? It’s fine to change your mind and do your shopping another day.
Change your pace(节奏). If you usually go shopping on Saturday, choose a weekday night to go instead. 69.The stores are less crowded on Wednesday evening than Saturday afternoon. You can feel better if you regard your way home as taking a relaxing walk after supper.
Focus on(关注)simple pleasures. 70.When your day’s work is done, it’s time to get yourself relaxed. A pleasant bath, a cup of coffee or a gentle song can be enough. Although expensive relaxation is nice, when you focus on simple pleasures, you’ll get more.
66.____________________________________________________________________________
67.____________________________________________________________________________
68.____________________________________________________________________________
69.____________________________________________________________________________
70.____________________________________________________________________________

第二节完成对话通读下面的对话,根据上下文不全对话内容。(共5 小题,计10 分)
A: How is it going, Amy?
B: 71. . My math has improved a lot and I got a good mark in the last exam.
A: Good news. 72. ?
B: I’m reading a passage about Michelle Obama, the US first lady.
A:73. ?
B: I think she is successful, hard-working and energetic.
A: I think so. Have you heard that she visited China in March?
B:74. .
A: How did you get the news?
B: I got it on the Internet. By the way, you looked so tired. What did you do last night?
A: I just stayed at home, watching the 2014 World Cup until the early morning.
B: Sounds great. 75. ?
A: I like Messi best, one of the most popular football player in the world.
B: He is really amazing! What a pity! I missed last night’s matches.

第三节 作文(计10分)
76. 随着年龄的增长,不少青少年发现越来越难与父母沟通和交流,各方面的分歧使两代人之间的关系日益紧张。请围绕该话题用英语谈谈你的看法。
要求:(1)内容包括 ①分析这种现象产生的主要原因;
②提出解决该问题的具体建议。
(2)字数:60-80字
(3)短文中不得出现你的真实姓名、学校名和地名。



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